How to format your references using the Applied Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mirabel, I. F. (2012). Astronomy. Gamma-ray binaries revealed. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6065), 175–176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Papavasiliou, F. N., & Schatz, D. G. (2000). Cell-cycle-regulated DNA double-stranded breaks in somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin genes. Nature, 408(6809), 216–221.
A journal article with 3 authors
Renault, L., Guibert, B., & Cherfils, J. (2003). Structural snapshots of the mechanism and inhibition of a guanine nucleotide exchange factor. Nature, 426(6966), 525–530.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ma, X., Dai, Y., Yu, L., & Huang, B. (2014). Noble-metal-free plasmonic photocatalyst: hydrogen doped semiconductors. Scientific Reports, 4, 3986.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dacey, J. S., Fiore, L. B., & Brion-Meisels, S. (2016). Your Child’s Social and Emotional Well-Being. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sánchez-Alonso, S., & Athanasiadis, I. N. (Eds.). (2010). Metadata and Semantic Research: 4th International Conference, MTSR 2010, Alcalá de Henares, Spain, October 20-22, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 108). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Antony, P. J. (2013). Usman and Khadeeja. In P. J. Antony (Ed.), Segregation Hurts: Voices of Youth with Disabilities and Their Families in India (pp. 29–36). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Geography.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 2). Modifying Mosquitoes To Stop Transmission Of Dengue Fever. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Social Security: State Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies’ Reimbursement for the Disabled (HRD-87-36BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kafi, W. (2013). The effects of patient demographic variables on cesarean section-related surgical site infection rates [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2014, November 21). Friday File. New York Times, C31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mirabel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Mirabel, 2012; Papavasiliou & Schatz, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Papavasiliou & Schatz, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Renault et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ma et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Geography
AbbreviationAppl. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0143-6228
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
General Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

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