How to format your references using the Applied Geography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Geography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angrist, M. (2013). Genetic privacy needs a more nuanced approach. Nature, 494(7435), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Y., & Robinson, G. H. (2011). Chemistry. Building a Lewis base with boron. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6042), 530–531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harbaugh, W. T., Mayr, U., & Burghart, D. R. (2007). Neural responses to taxation and voluntary giving reveal motives for charitable donations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5831), 1622–1625.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ferguson, N. M., Fraser, C., Donnelly, C. A., Ghani, A. C., & Anderson, R. M. (2004). Public health. Public health risk from the avian H5N1 influenza epidemic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5673), 968–969.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowlinson, M. (2016). A Practical Guide to the NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fomin, F. V., Freivalds, R., Kwiatkowska, M., & Peleg, D. (Eds.). (2013). Automata, Languages, and Programming: 40th International Colloquium, ICALP 2013, Riga, Latvia, July 8-12, 2013, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 7965). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, K., Laue, M., Tafur, J., Mahmood, M. N., Scherrer, P., & Keast, R. (2014). An Integrated Approach to Strategic Asset Management. In A. V. Gheorghe, M. Masera, & P. F. Katina (Eds.), Infranomics: Sustainability, Engineering Design and Governance (pp. 57–74). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Geography.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 17). Artificial Intelligence Can Accurately Predict Patients Most At Risk Of Heart Failure. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Examination into the Increase in Cost of the Lunar-Roving Vehicles Being Manufactured by the Boeing Company (B-171977). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wong, A. N. (2013). The model minority at risk: Barriers to mental health access for Chinese Americans [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, December 9). 11,500 Sq. Ft., Avail. Jan. 1, (After the Inauguration). New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angrist, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Angrist, 2013; Wang & Robinson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Robinson, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Harbaugh et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ferguson et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Geography
AbbreviationAppl. Geogr.
ISSN (print)0143-6228
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
General Environmental Science
Geography, Planning and Development

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