How to format your references using the Microvascular Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microvascular Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gunawardena, J., 2010. Systems biology. Biological systems theory. Science 328, 581–582.
A journal article with 2 authors
Verchère, A., Menon, A.K., 2015. Structural biology: Lipid gymnastics. Nature 524, 420–422.
A journal article with 3 authors
Back, J.M., McCue, S.W., Moroney, T.J., 2014. Including nonequilibrium interface kinetics in a continuum model for melting nanoscaled particles. Sci. Rep. 4, 7066.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guo, Y., Li, S., Tawatsupa, B., Punnasiri, K., Jaakkola, J.J.K., Williams, G., 2014. The association between air pollution and mortality in Thailand. Sci. Rep. 4, 5509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dubin, D., 2005. Numerical and Analytical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Using Mathematica. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Li, W.D., McMahon, C., Ong, S.K., Nee, A.Y.C. (Eds.), 2007. Collaborative Product Design and Manufacturing Methodologies and Applications, Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagnibeda, E., Kustova, E., 2009. One-Temperature Model for Chemically Non-equilibrium Gas Mixtures, in: Kustova, E. (Ed.), Non-Equilibrium Reacting Gas Flows: Kinetic Theory of Transport and Relaxation Processes, Heat and Mass Transfer. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 97–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microvascular Research.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. This iPad Game Could Help Diagnose Kids With Autisim [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. U.S. Involvement at Major International Air Shows Principally Depends on Agencies’ Missions and Aerospace Companies’ Resources (No. GAO-07-1165R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holvick-Norton, T., 2015. Becoming Whole: The Process of Individuation for Women and Their Bodies (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Montauk Yacht Club Sold for $34 Million. New York Times LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gunawardena, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gunawardena, 2010; Verchère and Menon, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Verchère and Menon, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrovascular Research
AbbreviationMicrovasc. Res.
ISSN (print)0026-2862
Cell Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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