How to format your references using the Microvascular Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microvascular Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cole-Hamilton, D.J., 2003. Homogeneous catalysis--new approaches to catalyst separation, recovery, and recycling. Science 299, 1702–1706.
A journal article with 2 authors
Towbin, J.A., Bowles, N.E., 2002. The failing heart. Nature 415, 227–233.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, H., Pei, Y., Fang, D., 2014. Magnetic field tunable small-scale mechanical properties of nickel single crystals measured by nanoindentation technique. Sci. Rep. 4, 4583.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sumbre, G., Muto, A., Baier, H., Poo, M.-M., 2008. Entrained rhythmic activities of neuronal ensembles as perceptual memory of time interval. Nature 456, 102–106.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The American Ceramic Society, 2009. Progress in Nanotechnology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Peña-Ayala, A. (Ed.), 2013. Intelligent and Adaptive Educational-Learning Systems: Achievements and Trends, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Villacis, B., Carrillo, D., 2013. The Socioeconomic Paradox of Galapagos, in: Walsh, S.J., Mena, C.F. (Eds.), Science and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands: Frameworks & Perspectives, Social and Ecological Interactions in the Galapagos Islands. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microvascular Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. These Two Black Holes Are On The Brink Of Merging Into One [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Substance Abuse Surveys (No. HEHS-96-179R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Childers, J.W., 2017. Evaluating parental opinions of healthy snack guidelines for youth soccer (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. The Phillies Are Now The Hunted. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cole-Hamilton, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Cole-Hamilton, 2003; Towbin and Bowles, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Towbin and Bowles, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sumbre et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrovascular Research
AbbreviationMicrovasc. Res.
ISSN (print)0026-2862
Cell Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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