How to format your references using the Microvascular Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microvascular Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Betts, R.A., 2000. Offset of the potential carbon sink from boreal forestation by decreases in surface albedo. Nature 408, 187–190.
A journal article with 2 authors
Horner-Devine, M.C., Martiny, A.C., 2008. Biogeochemistry. News about nitrogen. Science 320, 757–758.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mochizuki, K., Matsumoto, M., Ohmine, I., 2013. Defect pair separation as the controlling step in homogeneous ice melting. Nature 498, 350–354.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Straight, A.F., Cheung, A., Limouze, J., Chen, I., Westwood, N.J., Sellers, J.R., Mitchison, T.J., 2003. Dissecting temporal and spatial control of cytokinesis with a myosin II Inhibitor. Science 299, 1743–1747.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leuf, B., 2006. The Semantic Web. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Schröder, W. (Ed.), 2010. Summary of Flow Modulation and Fluid-Structure Interaction Findings: Results of the Collaborative Research Center SFB 401 at the RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany, 1997-2008, Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Purcell, J.E., Clarkin, E., Doyle, T.K., 2012. Foods of Velella velella (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) in algal rafts and its distribution in Irish seas, in: Purcell, J., Mianzan, H., Frost, J.R. (Eds.), Jellyfish Blooms IV: Interactions with Humans and Fisheries. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microvascular Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Artificial Magnetic Shield Could Help In Terraforming Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Biotechnology: The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Biotechnology Research Efforts (No. RCED-86-39BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yamada, M., 2008. The role of the TRANSPORT INHIBITOR RESPONSE2 (TIR2) gene in auxin synthesis in Arabidopsis (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2004. Magazine Is New in Moscow, but Looks Familiar to New York. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Betts, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Betts, 2000; Horner-Devine and Martiny, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Horner-Devine and Martiny, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Straight et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrovascular Research
AbbreviationMicrovasc. Res.
ISSN (print)0026-2862
Cell Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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