How to format your references using the Microvascular Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microvascular Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campisi, J., 2005. Suppressing cancer: the importance of being senescent. Science 309, 886–887.
A journal article with 2 authors
Puszkarski, H., Tomczak, P., 2014. Spin-wave resonance model of surface pinning in ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Mn)As thin films. Sci. Rep. 4, 6135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foreman, B.Z., Heller, P.L., Clementz, M.T., 2012. Fluvial response to abrupt global warming at the Palaeocene/Eocene boundary. Nature 491, 92–95.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Crowhurst, J.C., Goncharov, A.F., Sadigh, B., Evans, C.L., Morrall, P.G., Ferreira, J.L., Nelson, A.J., 2006. Synthesis and characterization of the nitrides of platinum and iridium. Science 311, 1275–1278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant, G., 2016. The Water Sensitive City. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Barga, R., 2015. Predictive Analytics with Microsoft Azure Machine Learning, Second Edition. ed. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
De Vries, J., De Jongste, M.J.L., Spincemaille, G., Staal, M.J., 2007. Spinal cord stimulation for ischemic heart disease and peripheral vascular disease, in: Pickard, J.D., Akalan, N., Rocco, C.D., Dolenc, V.V., Antunes, J.L., Mooij, J.J.A., Schramm, J., Sindou, M. (Eds.), Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery, Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery. Springer, Vienna, pp. 63–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microvascular Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Climate Change On Saturn’s Moon Titan Hinted By Images Of Wind-Eroded Features [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Information Technology: Customs Has Made Progress on Automated Commercial Environment System, but It Faces Long-Standing Management Challenges and New Risks (No. GAO-06-580). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bethany, M.P., 2014. Business continuity planning: Identifying gaps, patterns and justifications (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1993. Clinton Campaign Skirted Taxes, Report Says. New York Times 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campisi, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Campisi, 2005; Puszkarski and Tomczak, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Puszkarski and Tomczak, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Crowhurst et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrovascular Research
AbbreviationMicrovasc. Res.
ISSN (print)0026-2862
Cell Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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