How to format your references using the Microvascular Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microvascular Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q., 2007. Swedish strategies. Nature 449, 254–255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roll-Mecak, A., Vale, R.D., 2008. Structural basis of microtubule severing by the hereditary spastic paraplegia protein spastin. Nature 451, 363–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
McMahon, S.M., Miller, K.H., Drake, J., 2001. Social science and ecology. Networking tips for social scientists and ecologists. Science 293, 1604–1605.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Waks, E., Inoue, K., Santori, C., Fattal, D., Vuckovic, J., Solomon, G.S., Yamamoto, Y., 2002. Secure communication: quantum cryptography with a photon turnstile. Nature 420, 762.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singh, M.P., Huhns, M.N., 2006. Service-Oriented Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jespers, E., 2007. Noetherian Semigroup Algebras, Algebra and Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghigi, N., 2006. History as the Unveiling of the Telos. the Husserlian Critique of the Wel Tanschauungen, in: Tymieniecka, A.-T. (Ed.), Logos of Phenomenology and Phenomenology of the Logos. Book Three: Logos of History - Logos of Life. Historicity, Time, Nature, Communication, Consciousness, Alterity, Culture, Analecta Husserliana. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 79–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microvascular Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Mutations Found In 115 Year Old Woman’s Blood Could Help Unlock Secrets Of Aging [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. GAO’s Need for an Interim Management Data System (MDS) (No. B-161744). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rey, D., 2017. Chaos, Observability and Symplectic Structure in Optimal Estimation (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F., 2006. An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move. New York Times 14NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Roll-Mecak and Vale, 2008; Schiermeier, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roll-Mecak and Vale, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Waks et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrovascular Research
AbbreviationMicrovasc. Res.
ISSN (print)0026-2862
Cell Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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