How to format your references using the Microvascular Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microvascular Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin, T., 2006. Paleontology. Early mammalian evolutionary experiments. Science 311, 1109–1110.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dyker, C.A., Bertrand, G., 2008. Chemistry. Soluble allotropes of main-group elements. Science 321, 1050–1051.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wittkopp, P.J., Haerum, B.K., Clark, A.G., 2004. Evolutionary changes in cis and trans gene regulation. Nature 430, 85–88.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kurisu, G., Zhang, H., Smith, J.L., Cramer, W.A., 2003. Structure of the cytochrome b6f complex of oxygenic photosynthesis: tuning the cavity. Science 302, 1009–1014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marroni, L., Perdomo, I., 2013. Pricing and Hedging Financial Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hodicky, J. (Ed.), 2015. Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems: Second International Workshop, MESAS 2015, Prague, Czech Republic, April 29-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Traxler, A., Maslen, E., 2009. Actuators, in: Maslen, E.H., Schweitzer, G. (Eds.), Magnetic Bearings: Theory, Design, and Application to Rotating Machinery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 111–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microvascular Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Humans Have More “Plastic,” Adaptable Brains Than Chimpanzees [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Medicare and the Delivery of Health Services Are at Risk (No. T-AIMD-99-89). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lytle, S.C., 2010. Giving voice to the past: New editions of select repertoire of the 26th Regiment Band, North Carolina troops, C.S.A (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. Some Gifts Go in the Closet. These Go on the Block. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Martin, 2006, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dyker and Bertrand, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kurisu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrovascular Research
AbbreviationMicrovasc. Res.
ISSN (print)0026-2862
Cell Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles