How to format your references using the Microvascular Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microvascular Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pauwels, E., 2013. Communication: Mind the metaphor. Nature 500, 523–524.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rejec, T., Meir, Y., 2006. Magnetic impurity formation in quantum point contacts. Nature 442, 900–903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stroud, R.M., Nittler, L.R., Alexander, C.M.O., 2004. Polymorphism in presolar Al2O3 grains from asymptotic giant branch stars. Science 305, 1455–1457.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu, H., Xia, Y., Yin, K., Lu, J., Yin, Q., Yin, J., Sun, L., Liu, Z., 2013. The chemically driven phase transformation in a memristive abacus capable of calculating decimal fractions. Sci. Rep. 3, 1230.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis, R., 2012. Language Teaching Research and Language Pedagogy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Eddie Ng, Y.K., 2007. Compressor Instability with Integral Methods. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Crowder, J.A., Friess, S., 2015. Productivity Tools for the Modern Team, in: Friess, S. (Ed.), Agile Project Management: Managing for Success. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microvascular Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016. Bizarre New Hammerhead Marine Reptile Discovered In Triassic China [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Progress and Challenges Associated with the Transformation of the National Airspace System (No. GAO-07-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klooster, E.C.-R., 2010. Identifying differences in student traditionalities of remedial math students, adjusted for efficacy (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. On Road to Super Bowl, Sprinkle Some Eye of Newt. New York Times SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pauwels, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Pauwels, 2013; Rejec and Meir, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rejec and Meir, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrovascular Research
AbbreviationMicrovasc. Res.
ISSN (print)0026-2862
Cell Biology
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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