How to format your references using the Microsystem Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microsystem Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruiz J (2001) The stability against freezing of an internal liquid-water ocean in Callisto. Nature 412:409–411
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer L, Lynch G (2010) Neuroscience. A Kantian view of space. Science 328:1487–1488
A journal article with 3 authors
Stefanová I, Dorfman JR, Germain RN (2002) Self-recognition promotes the foreign antigen sensitivity of naive T lymphocytes. Nature 420:429–434
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Barnett TP, Pierce DW, Achutarao KM, et al (2005) Penetration of human-induced warming into the world’s oceans. Science 309:284–287

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt AB (2011) Financial Markets and Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lacruz CR (2014) Central Nervous System Intraoperative Cytopathology. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Güneysu T, Oder T, Pöppelmann T, Schwabe P (2013) Software Speed Records for Lattice-Based Signatures. In: Gaborit P (ed) Post-Quantum Cryptography: 5th International Workshop, PQCrypto 2013, Limoges, France, June 4-7, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 67–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microsystem Technologies.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) First Flight Test Today For NASA’s Newest Partner. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Marine Transportation: Federal Financing and a Framework for Infrastructure Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Theisen TD (2008) Improving the collaboration infrastructure of an online inter -institutional consortium. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wingfield N, de la MERCED MJ (2017) Amazon to Buy Whole Foods For $13 Billion. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruiz 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ruiz 2001; Palmer and Lynch 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer and Lynch 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Barnett et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrosystem Technologies
AbbreviationMicrosyst. Technol.
ISSN (print)0946-7076
ISSN (online)1432-1858
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles