How to format your references using the Microsystem Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microsystem Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sherratt DJ (2003) Bacterial chromosome dynamics. Science 301:780–785
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubin AF, Green P (2007) Comment on “The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers.” Science 317:1500
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu C, Linde AT, Sacks IS (2009) Slow earthquakes triggered by typhoons. Nature 459:833–836
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Garcés-Chávez V, McGloin D, Melville H, et al (2002) Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam. Nature 419:145–147

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins BR (2015) The Law of Tax-Exempt Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Miesenberger K, Fels D, Archambault D, et al (eds) (2014) Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 14th International Conference, ICCHP 2014, Paris, France, July 9-11, 2014, Proceedings, Part I. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Debnath L, Shah FA (2015) The Wigner–Ville Distribution and Time–Frequency Signal Analysis. In: Shah FA (ed) Wavelet Transforms and Their Applications. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 287–336

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microsystem Technologies.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Wild Birds And Humans Talk To Each Other To Team Up And Find Honey. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) No Federal Programs Are Designed Primarily To Support Engineering Education, but Many Do. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey T (2014) The Box. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Acosta D, Robles F (2017) Month After a Storm, Puerto Rico Awaits Power. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sherratt 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Sherratt 2003; Rubin and Green 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubin and Green 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Garcés-Chávez et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrosystem Technologies
AbbreviationMicrosyst. Technol.
ISSN (print)0946-7076
ISSN (online)1432-1858
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles