How to format your references using the Journal of Children and Media citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Children and Media. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alonso, J.-M. (2006). Neuroscience. Neurons find strength through synchrony in the brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5780), 1604–1605.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox, K., & Caterson, B. (2002). Neuroscience. Freeing the bain from the perineuronal net. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5596), 1187–1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santos, M. D., Dorogovtsev, S. N., & Mendes, J. F. F. (2014). Biased imitation in coupled evolutionary games in interdependent networks. Scientific Reports, 4, 4436.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Krot, A. N., Yurimoto, H., Hutcheon, I. D., & MacPherson, G. J. (2005). Chronology of the early Solar System from chondrule-bearing calcium-aluminium-rich inclusions. Nature, 434(7036), 998–1001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Merrills, J., & Fisher, J. (2008). Pharmacy Law and Practice. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Rovenský, J., & Payer, J. (Eds.). (2009). Dictionary of Rheumatology. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ekardt, F. (2013). Climate Change and Justice: Perspectives of Legal Theory. In E. J. Hollo, K. Kulovesi, & M. Mehling (Eds.), Climate Change and the Law (pp. 63–79). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Children and Media.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 25). NASA’s Asteroid-Sampling Spacecraft Has Now Been Fully Built Ahead Of Its 2016 Launch. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Buyouts at the Department of Education (No. GGD-94-197R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, H. (2008). High Temperature Proton-Exchange and Fuel Processing Membranes for Fuel Cells and Other Applications (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Etheredge, P. by G. (2016, December 23). Voyeur | Christmas Trees. New York Times, p. RE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alonso, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Alonso, 2006; Fox & Caterson, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fox & Caterson, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Santos, Dorogovtsev, & Mendes, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Krot, Yurimoto, Hutcheon, & MacPherson, 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Children and Media
AbbreviationJ. Child. Media
ISSN (print)1748-2798
ISSN (online)1748-2801

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