How to format your references using the Journal of Children and Media citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Children and Media. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scully, T. (2013). Tuberculosis. Nature, 502(7470), S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abel, G. J., & Sander, N. (2014). Quantifying global international migration flows. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6178), 1520–1522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Y., Peng, R., & You, Z. (2015). APPLIED ORIGAMI. Origami of thick panels. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6246), 396–400.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shanahan, T. M., Overpeck, J. T., Anchukaitis, K. J., Beck, J. W., Cole, J. E., Dettman, D. L., Peck, J. A., Scholz, C. A., & King, J. W. (2009). Atlantic forcing of persistent drought in West Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5925), 377–380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonem, J. M. (2011). Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gros, B., Kinshuk, & Maina, M. (Eds.). (2016). The Future of Ubiquitous Learning: Learning Designs for Emerging Pedagogies (1st ed. 2016). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Leonard, A., Masson, M., Mitchell, T., Moss, J. M., & Ufford, M. (2012). Data Cleansing with Data Quality Services. In M. Masson, T. Mitchell, J. M. Moss, & M. Ufford (Eds.), SQL Server 2012 Integration Services Design Patterns (pp. 101–122). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Children and Media.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, September 29). Space Declared LGBT-Friendly After Pride Flag Launch Stunt. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). ADP Budget: Potential Reductions to the Department of the Air Force’s Budget Request (IMTEC-90-57BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jensen, M. E. (2010). A comparison of school psychologists’ and school counselors’ ability to identify cognitive abilities underlying basic academic tasks [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2014, February 21). Detroit Outlines Map to Solvency, Stressing Repair. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scully, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Abel & Sander, 2014; Scully, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abel & Sander, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chen et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shanahan et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Children and Media
AbbreviationJ. Child. Media
ISSN (print)1748-2798
ISSN (online)1748-2801

Other styles