How to format your references using the Journal of Children and Media citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Children and Media. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. (2005). Baby blues. Nature, 433(7027), 780–781.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crespi, B., & Springer, S. (2003). Ecology. Social slime molds meet their match. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wada, S., Oishi, M., & Yamada, T. K. (2003). A newly discovered species of living baleen whale. Nature, 426(6964), 278–281.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Su, T.-W., Choi, I., Feng, J., Huang, K., McLeod, E., & Ozcan, A. (2013). Sperm trajectories form chiral ribbons. Scientific Reports, 3, 1664.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dehn, M. J. (2010). Long-Term Memory Problems in Children and Adolescents. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dall, B. E., Eden, S. V., & Rahl, M. D. (Eds.). (2015). Surgery for the Painful, Dysfunctional Sacroiliac Joint: A Clinical Guide. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hospenthal, M. A. C., & Gutierrez, C. J. (2008). Diagnostic Radiology. In D. R. Hospenthal & M. G. Rinaldi (Eds.), Diagnosis and Treatment of Human Mycoses (pp. 81–102). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Children and Media.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 14). US-Born NASA Scientist Detained At Airport And Told To Hand Over Smartphone. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Space Station: Cost Control Problems Are Worsening (NSIAD-97-213). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Asare, K. B. (2016). Understanding the Transformational Leadership Practices of Colleges of Education Principals [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble, J. (2017, June 26). Airbag Crisis Sends Takata To Its Demise. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Crespi & Springer, 2003; Gewin, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crespi & Springer, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Wada et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Su et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Children and Media
AbbreviationJ. Child. Media
ISSN (print)1748-2798
ISSN (online)1748-2801

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