How to format your references using the Aquatic Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore P (2005) Simplifying the probe set. Nature 435:238.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohde RA, Muller RA (2005) Cycles in fossil diversity. Nature 434:208–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tarlinton RE, Meers J, Young PR (2006) Retroviral invasion of the koala genome. Nature 442:79–81.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Michailov GV, Sereda MW, Brinkmann BG, Fischer TM, Haug B, Birchmeier C, Role L, Lai C, Schwab MH, Nave K-A (2004) Axonal neuregulin-1 regulates myelin sheath thickness. Science 304:700–703.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy DJ (2006) Finite Difference Methods in Financial Engineering. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Kohlbacher F, Herstatt C (eds) (2008) The Silver Market Phenomenon: Business Opportunities in an Era of Demographic Change. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gray WG, Miller CT (2014) Microscale Equilibrium Conditions. In: Introduction to the Thermodynamically Constrained Averaging Theory for Porous Medium Systems. Advances in Geophysical and Environmental Mechanics and Mathematics, Miller CT (ed) Springer International Publishing, Cham, p 135–165

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Human Genome Competed With Itself in Evolutionary Arms Race. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/human-genome-competed-itself-evolutionary-arms-race/ (accessed 30 October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Role of Three Consultants in Award of Emergency School Assistance Program/Community Groups Grants. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schmidt MP (2013) Being here. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L (2017) Pre-Existing Conditions: There’s Truth-Stretching From Both Sides. New York Times:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Rohde & Muller 2005, Moore 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rohde & Muller 2005)
  • Three authors: (Tarlinton et al. 2006)
  • 99 or more authors: (Michailov et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Biology
AbbreviationAquat. Biol.
ISSN (print)1864-7782
ISSN (online)1864-7790
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Oceanography
Ecology

Other styles