How to format your references using the Aquatic Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Telesco C (2006) Astronomy. Born with flare. Science 314:605–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Veldhoen M, Withers DR (2010) Immunology. Innate lymphoid cell relations. Science 330:594–595.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aravind L, Dixit VM, Koonin EV (2001) Apoptotic molecular machinery: vastly increased complexity in vertebrates revealed by genome comparisons. Science 291:1279–1284.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li GS, Qu JJ, Li XZ, Wang WF (2014) The sand-deposition impact of artificial gravel beds on the protection of the Mogao Grottoes. Sci Rep 4:4341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gardi F, Benoist T, Darlay J, Estellon B, Megel R (2014) Mathematical Programming Solver Based on Local Search. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Felsenthal DS, Machover M (eds) (2012) Electoral Systems: Paradoxes, Assumptions, and Procedures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rahimian J, Chen JCT, Girvigian MR, Miller MJ, Rahimian R (2011) Frame-Based and Frameless Accuracy of Novalis® Radiosurgery. In: Shaped Beam Radiosurgery: State of the Art. De Salles AAF, Gorgulho A, Agazaryan N, Slotman B, Selch M, Burwick AJ, Schulz R (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 37–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Biology.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) One In Four People Have Sexual Fantasies About AI Voice Assistants Like Siri. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Highlights of a Forum: Ensuring Opportunities for Disadvantaged Children and Families. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liyakath RA (2012) Reconfigurable Antenna and RF Circuits Using Multi-Layer Stretchable Conductors. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2016) Patriots Feast on Petty, as on So Many Others. New York Times:SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Telesco 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Telesco 2006, Veldhoen & Withers 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Veldhoen & Withers 2010)
  • Three authors: (Aravind et al. 2001)
  • 99 or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Biology
AbbreviationAquat. Biol.
ISSN (print)1864-7782
ISSN (online)1864-7790
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles