How to format your references using the Aquatic Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Monroe C (2002) Quantum information processing with atoms and photons. Nature 416:238–246.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bensinger SJ, Tontonoz P (2008) Integration of metabolism and inflammation by lipid-activated nuclear receptors. Nature 454:470–477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yartsev MM, Witter MP, Ulanovsky N (2011) Grid cells without theta oscillations in the entorhinal cortex of bats. Nature 479:103–107.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
MacDonald D, Demarre G, Bouvier M, Mazel D, Gopaul DN (2006) Structural basis for broad DNA-specificity in integron recombination. Nature 440:1157–1162.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evtukh A, Hartnagel H, Yilmazoglu O, Mimura H, Pavlidis D (2015) Vacuum Nanoelectronic Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Aleman A (2009) The Hardy Space of a Slit Domain. Ross WT, Feldman NS (eds) Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Yamauchi H (2014) Extended Griess Algebras and Matsuo-Norton Trace Formulae. In: Conformal Field Theory, Automorphic Forms and Related Topics: CFT, Heidelberg, September 19-23, 2011. Contributions in Mathematical and Computational Sciences, Kohnen W, Weissauer R (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 75–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Biology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Peeing In The Pool Is Not Just Gross, It’s Dangerous. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) El Salvador: Pipeline of U.S. Aid as of August 1990. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Owen AK (2012) Preventive health behaviors: A look at the correlation between regular physical activity and routine cervical cancer screening. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2013) Sharing the Wealth as a Comic Book Goes Hollywood. New York Times:BU5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Monroe 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Monroe 2002, Bensinger & Tontonoz 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bensinger & Tontonoz 2008)
  • Three authors: (Yartsev et al. 2011)
  • 99 or more authors: (MacDonald et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Biology
AbbreviationAquat. Biol.
ISSN (print)1864-7782
ISSN (online)1864-7790
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles