How to format your references using the Aquatic Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christeson G (2009) Journal club. A geophysicist ponders the mysteries of intraplate earthquakes. Nature 459:755.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whitson JA, Galinsky AD (2008) Lacking control increases illusory pattern perception. Science 322:115–117.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cho MK, McGee G, Magnus D (2006) Research conduct. Lessons of the stem cell scandal. Science 311:614–615.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hood JD, Bednarski M, Frausto R, Guccione S, Reisfeld RA, Xiang R, Cheresh DA (2002) Tumor regression by targeted gene delivery to the neovasculature. Science 296:2404–2407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandya R (2005) Mobile and Personal Communication Services and Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hsu C-H, Yang LT, Park JH, Yeo S-S (eds) (2010) Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 10th International Conference, ICA3PP 2010, Busan, Korea, May 21-23, 2010. Proceedings. Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Goadsby PJ (2006) Serotonin Receptor Ligands: Treatments of Acute Migraine and Cluster Headache. In: Analgesia. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, Stein C (ed) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 129–143

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Biology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Gene Cernan, The Last Person To Set Foot On The Moon, Dies At 82. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Space Science: Status of the Hubble Space Telescope Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin H-C (2013) Depression screening in ambulatory care. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meier JS (2013) Home Is Where the Harm Is. New York Times:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christeson 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Whitson & Galinsky 2008, Christeson 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whitson & Galinsky 2008)
  • Three authors: (Cho et al. 2006)
  • 99 or more authors: (Hood et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Biology
AbbreviationAquat. Biol.
ISSN (print)1864-7782
ISSN (online)1864-7790
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles