How to format your references using the Microfluidics and Nanofluidics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles J (2004) Nanotech takes small step towards burying “grey goo.” Nature 429:591
A journal article with 2 authors
Brisson JA, Nuzhdin SV (2008) Rarity of males in pea aphids results in mutational decay. Science 319:58
A journal article with 3 authors
Charlebois RL, Beiko RG, Ragan MA (2003) Microbial phylogenomics: Branching out. Nature 421:217
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Piccirillo SGM, Reynolds BA, Zanetti N, et al (2006) Bone morphogenetic proteins inhibit the tumorigenic potential of human brain tumour-initiating cells. Nature 444:761–765

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kwartler T (2017) Text Mining in Practice with R. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Matera M, Rossi G (eds) (2013) Trends in Mobile Web Information Systems: MobiWIS 2013 International Workshops, Paphos, Cyprus, August 26-28, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Park J-K, Kim MK (2014) Teaching and Learning of EIL in Korean Culture and Context. In: Marlina R, Giri RA (eds) The Pedagogy of English as an International Language: Perspectives from Scholars, Teachers, and Students. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microfluidics and Nanofluidics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Rare Footage Captures A Sleepy Whale Waking Up From A Nap. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) In-Car Location-Based Services: Companies Are Taking Steps to Protect Privacy, but Some Risks May Not Be Clear to Consumers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox ET (2012) Prenatal cocaine: Effects on neonatal vocalizations, cue-induced maternal response, and brain development. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) A Yoga Manifesto. New York Times ST1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giles 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Giles 2004; Brisson and Nuzhdin 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brisson and Nuzhdin 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Piccirillo et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrofluidics and Nanofluidics
AbbreviationMicrofluid. Nanofluidics
ISSN (print)1613-4982
ISSN (online)1613-4990
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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