How to format your references using the Microfluidics and Nanofluidics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helin K (2004) Bricks and mortar. Building Copenhagen’s BioCentre. Nature 428:238
A journal article with 2 authors
Pieters J, Ploegh H (2003) Microbiology. Chemical warfare and mycobacterial defense. Science 302:1900–1902
A journal article with 3 authors
Ni S, Kanamori H, Helmberger D (2005) Seismology: energy radiation from the Sumatra earthquake. Nature 434:582
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vicinanza C, Aquila I, Cianflone E, et al (2018) Kitcre knock-in mice fail to fate-map cardiac stem cells. Nature 555:E1–E5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fencott C, Lockyer M, Clay J, Massey P (2012) Game Invaders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kaufer A, Kerber F (eds) (2008) The 2007 ESO Instrument Calibration Workshop: Proceedings of the ESO Workshop held in Garching, Germany, 23-26 January 2007. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Muggleton SH, Lodhi H, Amini A, Sternberg MJE (2006) Support Vector Inductive Logic Programming. In: Holmes DE, Jain LC (eds) Innovations in Machine Learning: Theory and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 113–135

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microfluidics and Nanofluidics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Remind Me Again, How Does Cannabis Affect The Brain? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) International Aviation: DOT Needs More Information to Address U.S. Airlines’ Problems in Doing Business Abroad. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koester A (2017) It All Started on a Lake. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) For the Mets, ‘Who’s on First?’ Isn’t a Punch Line. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Helin 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Pieters and Ploegh 2003; Helin 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pieters and Ploegh 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Vicinanza et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrofluidics and Nanofluidics
AbbreviationMicrofluid. Nanofluidics
ISSN (print)1613-4982
ISSN (online)1613-4990
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles