How to format your references using the Microfluidics and Nanofluidics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DiVincenzo DP (2005) Physics. Double quantum dot as a quantum bit. Science 309:2173–2174
A journal article with 2 authors
Métin C, Luccardini C (2010) Neuroscience. Ubiquitination inhibits neuronal exit. Science 330:1754–1755
A journal article with 3 authors
Chan P, Curtis RA, Warwicker J (2013) Soluble expression of proteins correlates with a lack of positively-charged surface. Sci Rep 3:3333
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yang Y, Wang P-P, Zhang Z-C, et al (2013) Nanowire membrane-based nanothermite: towards processable and tunable interfacial diffusion for solid state reactions. Sci Rep 3:1694

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Archer RD (2002) Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA
An edited book
Glodeanu CV, Kaytoue M, Sacarea C (eds) (2014) Formal Concept Analysis: 12th International Conference, ICFCA 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Le N-A, Brown WV (2011) Triglyceride-Rich Lipoproteins. In: Grundy SM (ed) Atlas of Atherosclerosis and Metabolic Syndrome. Springer, New York, NY, pp 59–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microfluidics and Nanofluidics.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) China Completes World’s Largest Radio Telescope – Raising Hopes Of Finding New Worlds And Alien Life. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Nextgen Air Transportation System: Mechanisms for Collaboration and Technology Transfer Could Be Enhanced to More Fully Leverage Partner Agency and Industry Resources. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim YI (2008) Essays on Volatility Risk, Asset Returns and Consumption-Based Asset Pricing. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) For a New Mother, It’s a Quick Return to Work. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DiVincenzo 2005).
This sentence cites two references (DiVincenzo 2005; Métin and Luccardini 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Métin and Luccardini 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrofluidics and Nanofluidics
AbbreviationMicrofluid. Nanofluidics
ISSN (print)1613-4982
ISSN (online)1613-4990
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles