How to format your references using the Microfluidics and Nanofluidics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisk D (2012) The Urban Challenge. Science 336:1396–1397
A journal article with 2 authors
Reyes N, Gadsby DC (2006) Ion permeation through the Na+,K+-ATPase. Nature 443:470–474
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuller PM, Lu J, Saper CB (2008) Differential rescue of light- and food-entrainable circadian rhythms. Science 320:1074–1077
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yoshino T, Matsuzaki T, Yamashita S, Katsura T (2006) Hydrous olivine unable to account for conductivity anomaly at the top of the asthenosphere. Nature 443:973–976

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hansen KL, Zenobia KE (2011) Civil Engineer’s Handbook of Professional Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Yeung DS (2010) Sensitivity Analysis for Neural Networks. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Gélinas F, Camion C, Bates K, et al (2015) The Challenges of Participatory Justice for Public Adjudication. In: Camion C, Bates K, Anstis S, et al. (eds) Foundations of Civil Justice: Toward a Value-Based Framework for Reform. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 81–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microfluidics and Nanofluidics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Gusev Crater On Mars Was Once a Lake. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Federal Chief Information Officers: Opportunities Exist to Improve Role in Information Technology Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Snyder QZ (2010) From anarchy to confederacy: A theory of international politics. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M (2017) ‘The Cher Show’ Is Set for Broadway. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisk 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Reyes and Gadsby 2006; Fisk 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reyes and Gadsby 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshino et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrofluidics and Nanofluidics
AbbreviationMicrofluid. Nanofluidics
ISSN (print)1613-4982
ISSN (online)1613-4990
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles