How to format your references using the Microfluidics and Nanofluidics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goto H (2014) Step-by-step magic state encoding for efficient fault-tolerant quantum computation. Sci Rep 4:7501
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang J, Reth M (2010) Oligomeric organization of the B-cell antigen receptor on resting cells. Nature 467:465–469
A journal article with 3 authors
Moree M, Ewart S, Diggs C (2004) Strength in unity. Nature 430:938–939
A journal article with 5 or more authors
van Kasteren SI, Kramer HB, Jensen HH, et al (2007) Expanding the diversity of chemical protein modification allows post-translational mimicry. Nature 446:1105–1109

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Selyanin MA, Boykov PY, Khabarov VN, Polyak F (2015) Hyaluronic Acid. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Homola J (ed) (2006) Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Maclennan D (2007) Recovery and Change: Glasgow’s Housing 1991–2001. In: Andersson ÅE, Pettersson L, Strömquist U (eds) European Metropolitan Housing Markets. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 121–143

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microfluidics and Nanofluidics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) Cassini Starts Flyby Through Enceladus’ Ice Volcano Plumes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Interpretation of Continuing Education and Training Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karch K (2014) An investigation of perceptions about smart mobile phone usage as an instructional tool in a high school classroom. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Back in Baltimore, Anthony Decides to Speak, but Doesn’t Say Much. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goto 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Yang and Reth 2010; Goto 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Reth 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (van Kasteren et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrofluidics and Nanofluidics
AbbreviationMicrofluid. Nanofluidics
ISSN (print)1613-4982
ISSN (online)1613-4990
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles