How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sherratt, D. J. Science 2003, 301 (5634), 780.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hillaire-Marcel, C.; de Vernal, A. Science 2008, 320 (5880), 1161; author reply 1161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Storch, D.; Marquet, P. A.; Gaston, K. J. Science 2005, 307 (5710), 684.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Estes, J. A.; Terborgh, J.; Brashares, J. S.; Power, M. E.; Berger, J.; Bond, W. J.; Carpenter, S. R.; Essington, T. E.; Holt, R. D.; Jackson, J. B. C.; Marquis, R. J.; Oksanen, L.; Oksanen, T.; Paine, R. T.; Pikitch, E. K.; Ripple, W. J.; Sandin, S. A.; Scheffer, M.; Schoener, T. W.; Shurin, J. B.; Sinclair, A. R. E.; Soulé, M. E.; Virtanen, R.; Wardle, D. A. Science 2011, 333 (6040), 301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tebbani, S.; Lopes, F.; Filali, R.; Dumur, D.; Pareau, D. CO 2 Biofixation by Microalgae; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Information and Communications Security: 17th International Conference, ICICS 2015, Beijing, China, December 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016.; Qing, S., Okamoto, E., Kim, K., Liu, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 9543.
A chapter in an edited book
Martínez-Lage, J. F.; Pérez-Espejo, M. A.; Turgut, A. T. In Complications of CSF Shunting in Hydrocephalus: Prevention, Identification, and Management; Di Rocco, C., Turgut, M., Jallo, G., Martínez-Lage, J. F., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp 81–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale, T. How Accurately Do Movies Depict Quicksand? (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Continuing Risks of Disruption to Social Security, Medicare, and Treasury Programs; T-AIMD-98-161; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarter, K. M. The effect of auditory stimulation on learners with different learning styles. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. New York Times. October 25, 2017, p B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Chemistry
AbbreviationCan. J. Chem.
ISSN (print)0008-4042
ISSN (online)1480-3291
General Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

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