How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whitelegge, J. Science 2011, 334 (6054), 320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keightley, P. D.; Otto, S. P. Nature 2006, 443 (7107), 89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marteau, T. M.; Hollands, G. J.; Fletcher, P. C. Science 2012, 337 (6101), 1492.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gavriil, F. P.; Gonzalez, M. E.; Gotthelf, E. V.; Kaspi, V. M.; Livingstone, M. A.; Woods, P. M. Science 2008, 319 (5871), 1802.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
You, H.; Jianjuan, X.; Xin, G. Radar Data Processing with Applications; John Wiley &;#38; Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd: Singapore, 2016.
An edited book
Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 41st International Workshop, WG 2015, Garching, Germany, June 17-19, 2015, Revised Papers; Mayr, E. W., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016; Vol. 9224.
A chapter in an edited book
Baglioni, P.; Chelazzi, D.; Giorgi, R. In Nanotechnologies in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage: A compendium of materials and techniques; Chelazzi, D., Giorgi, R., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2015; pp 117–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Watch Japanese Volcano Mount Shindake Erupt (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates; GAO-14-152; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barnard, S. Police officers’ attitudes about rape victims. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver-Greenberg, J.; Corkery, M. New York Times. June 18, 2017, p A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Chemistry
AbbreviationCan. J. Chem.
ISSN (print)0008-4042
ISSN (online)1480-3291
General Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

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