How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hummer, G. Science 2014, 346 (6207), 303.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ueshima, R.; Asami, T. Nature 2003, 425 (6959), 679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Humanes-Valera, D.; Foffani, G.; Aguilar, J. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7278.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, Y. J.; Yi, H.; Kim, W.-J.; Kang, K.; Yun, D. S.; Strano, M. S.; Ceder, G.; Belcher, A. M. Science 2009, 324 (5930), 1051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulaev, I. S.; Vagabov, V. M.; Kulakovskaya, T. V. The Biochemistry of Inorganic Polyphosphates; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Oliveira, C. A. S. Mathematical Aspects of Network Routing Optimization; Pardalos, P. M., Ed.; Springer Optimization and Its Applications; Springer: New York, NY, 2011; Vol. 53.
A chapter in an edited book
Greisen, P.; Schaffner, M.; Luu, D.; Mikos, V.; Heinzle, S.; Gürkaynak, F. K.; Smolic, A. In VLSI-SoC: From Algorithms to Circuits and System-on-Chip Design: 20th IFIP WG 10.5/IEEE International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, VLSI-SoC 2012, Santa Cruz, CA, USA, October 7-10, 2012, Revised Selected Papers; Burg, A., Coṣkun, A., Guthaus, M., Katkoori, S., Reis, R., Eds.; IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp 64–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrews, R. New Satellite Returns First Remarkable Image Of The Arctic (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Transportation: Challenges Facing NASA’s Space Launch Initiative; GAO-02-1020; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaker, M. Design of Front End Circuits for a Low Power Ultra Wide Band Receiver. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. New York Times. April 3, 2017, p B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Chemistry
AbbreviationCan. J. Chem.
ISSN (print)0008-4042
ISSN (online)1480-3291
General Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

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