How to format your references using the Oral Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oral Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lohmueller KE. Evolution. On the origin of Peter Rabbit. Science 2014;345:1000–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu W, Südhof TC. A neural circuit for memory specificity and generalization. Science 2013;339:1290–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nelson WA, Bjørnstad ON, Yamanaka T. Recurrent insect outbreaks caused by temperature-driven changes in system stability. Science 2013;341:796–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Weber T, Herbig J, Mark M, Nägerl H-C, Grimm R. Bose-Einstein condensation of cesium. Science 2003;299:232–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Choudhry M, Landuyt G. The Future of Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Lo Re G, Midiri M, editors. Crohn’s Disease: Radiological Features and Clinical-Surgical Correlations. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Pandey R, Sethi VK, Pandey M, Choubey M. Recent Research and Various Techniques Available for Efficiency Improvement of IGCC Power Plants. In: Dash SS, Bhaskar MA, Panigrahi BK, Das S, editors. Artificial Intelligence and Evolutionary Computations in Engineering Systems: Proceedings of ICAIECES 2015, New Delhi: Springer India; 2016, p. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oral Oncology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. First Successful Demonstration For Quantum Satellite Communication. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Characteristics of Students and Default Rates at Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wadhwa PH. Secure building automation system using Tesla protocol. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neal L. Quotation of the Day. New York Times 2010:A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOral Oncology
AbbreviationOral Oncol.
ISSN (print)1368-8375
ScopeCancer Research
Oral Surgery

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