How to format your references using the Oral Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oral Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brock JD. Chemistry. Watching atoms move. Science 2007;315:609–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kassiotis G, O’Garra A. Immunology. Immunity benefits from a little suppression. Science 2008;320:1168–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak MA, Plotkin JB, Jansen VA. The evolution of syntactic communication. Nature 2000;404:495–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mundy NI, Badcock NS, Hart T, Scribner K, Janssen K, Nadeau NJ. Conserved genetic basis of a quantitative plumage trait involved in mate choice. Science 2004;303:1870–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abutarbush SM. Illustrated Guide to Equine Diseases. Ames, Iowa, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Brady LW, Yaeger TE, editors. Encyclopedia of Radiation Oncology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Izmailov AF, Solodov MV. Variational Problems: Globalization of Convergence. In: Solodov MV, editor. Newton-Type Methods for Optimization and Variational Problems, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 305–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oral Oncology.

Blog post
Taub B. Earthquake-Proof Coconut Houses Could Protect Against Natural Disasters. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Science And Technology: Air Force’s Planning Process Meets Statutory Requirement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eggers M von. Searching for a Post-Jungian Psychophysical Reality in Recovery from Addiction. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conte L. Scouting Report. New York Times 2011:E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOral Oncology
AbbreviationOral Oncol.
ISSN (print)1368-8375
ScopeCancer Research
Oral Surgery

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