How to format your references using the Oral Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oral Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Desiraju GR. The all-chemist. Nature 2000;408:407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spergel D, Keating B. Cosmology: The oldest cosmic light. Nature 2015;518:170–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rodríguez-Muñoz R, Ojanguren AF, Tregenza T. Comment on “International conservation policy delivers benefits for birds in Europe.” Science 2008;319:1042; author reply 1042.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
High AA, Novitskaya EE, Butov LV, Hanson M, Gossard AC. Control of exciton fluxes in an excitonic integrated circuit. Science 2008;321:229–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brenner IR. How to Survive a Medical Malpractice Lawsuit. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Bravetti M, Zavattaro G, editors. CONCUR 2009 - Concurrency Theory: 20th International Conference, CONCUR 2009, Bologna, Italy, September 1-4, 2009. Proceedings. vol. 5710. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Athan T, Boley H, Governatori G, Palmirani M, Paschke A, Wyner A. LegalRuleML: From Metamodel to Use Cases. In: Morgenstern L, Stefaneas P, Lévy F, Wyner A, Paschke A, editors. Theory, Practice, and Applications of Rules on the Web: 7th International Symposium, RuleML 2013, Seattle, WA, USA, July 11-13, 2013. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 13–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oral Oncology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Astronomers Complete Largest Ever Galaxy Simulation. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Johnstown Area Flood of 1977: A Case Study for the Future. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buquiran ES. Factors affecting members’ retention in Toastmasters International. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Against All Odds, Mets Overcome a Season of Adversity and Clinch a Playoff Berth. New York Times 2016:SP11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOral Oncology
AbbreviationOral Oncol.
ISSN (print)1368-8375
ScopeCancer Research
Oral Surgery

Other styles