How to format your references using the Chinese Physics B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Physics B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krakauer A H 2005 Kin selection and cooperative courtship in wild turkeys Nature 434 69–72
A journal article with 2 authors
Enright M C and Spratt B G 2011 Genomics. The genomic view of bacterial diversification Science 331 407–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohl F W, Scheich H and Freeman W J 2001 Change in pattern of ongoing cortical activity with auditory category learning Nature 412 733–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Gigan S, Böhm H R, Paternostro M, Blaser F, Langer G, Hertzberg J B, Schwab K C, Bäuerle D, Aspelmeyer M and Zeilinger A 2006 Self-cooling of a micromirror by radiation pressure Nature 444 67–70

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stahl S and Stenson C 2013 Introduction to Topology and Geometry (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Jankowski R 2015 Earthquake-Induced Structural Pounding ed S Mahmoud (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Linz J E, Wee J M and Roze L V 2014 Aflatoxin Biosynthesis: Regulation and Subcellular Localization Biosynthesis and Molecular Genetics of Fungal Secondary Metabolites Fungal Biology ed J-F Martín, C García-Estrada and S Zeilinger (New York, NY: Springer) pp 89–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Physics B.

Blog post
Fang J 2015 How Leatherback Sea Turtles Keep Their Muscles Warm In Frigid Waters IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2007 Aviation Security: TSA’s Change to Its Prohibited Items List Has Not Resulted in Any Reported Security Incidents, but the Impact of the Change on Screening Operations Is Inconclusive (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoang V 2009 Software maintenance: A program slicer using cross referencer Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J 2016 Scientists Search for Global Warming’s Role as Hurricanes Return in Force New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Physics B
AbbreviationChin. Physics B
ISSN (print)1674-1056
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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