How to format your references using the Chinese Physics B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Physics B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkel E 2000 SCIENCE FUNDING: Australian Researchers Go for the Gold Science 290 255–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Rettig J and Neher E 2002 Emerging roles of presynaptic proteins in Ca++-triggered exocytosis Science 298 781–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Thürmer K, Hwang R Q and Bartelt N C 2006 Surface self-organization caused by dislocation networks Science 311 1272–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Adamczyk K, Prémont-Schwarz M, Pines D, Pines E and Nibbering E T J 2009 Real-time observation of carbonic acid formation in aqueous solution Science 326 1690–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khatib T and Elmenreich W 2016 Modeling of Photovoltaic Systems Using MATLAB ® (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Gregor J 2011 Discovering Mathematics: A Problem-Solving Approach to Mathematical Analysis with MATHEMATICA® and MapleTM ed J Tišer (London: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Hua C, Zhao H-J and Chen Y 2008 Mining XML Frequent Query Patterns Integration and Innovation Orient to E-Society Volume 1: Seventh IFIP International Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society (I3E2007), October 10–12, Wuhan, China IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing ed W Wang, Y Li, Z Duan, L Yan, H Li and X Yang (Boston, MA: Springer US) pp 26–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Physics B.

Blog post
Hale T 2016 Watching This Video Will Crash Your iPhone IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2007 U.S. Involvement at Major International Air Shows Principally Depends on Agencies’ Missions and Aerospace Companies’ Resources (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao L 2017 Modeling, Estimation and Approximation in Structured Models Doctoral dissertation ( Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory Mankiw N and Summers L H 2015 Uniting Behind a Divisive Health Tax New York Times BU6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Physics B
AbbreviationChin. Physics B
ISSN (print)1674-1056
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

Other styles