How to format your references using the Microelectronics Reliability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microelectronics Reliability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H.C. Hartzell, Physiology. CaCl-ing channels get the last laugh, Science. 322 (2008) 534–535.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Basler, J.J. Mekalanos, Type 6 secretion dynamics within and between bacterial cells, Science. 337 (2012) 815.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.M. Schulte, R.P. Burke, R.N. Lipcius, Unprecedented restoration of a native oyster metapopulation, Science. 325 (2009) 1124–1128.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Lama, S.T. Quah, C.S. Verma, R. Lakshminarayanan, R.W. Beuerman, D.P. Lane, C.J. Brown, Rational optimization of conformational effects induced by hydrocarbon staples in peptides and their binding interfaces, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Bobrow, S. Fisher, J. Mondragon-Gilmore, A. Casson, P.Z. Orton, H.D. Nathan, J. Jones, J. Hays, E. Kohn, J. Christinson, K. Sekeres, B. Swovelin, R. Di Pietro, G. Crowder, M. Spence, P. Gilmore, CliffsNotes® CSET®, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
C.G. Fermüller, A. Voronkov, eds., Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning: 17th International Conference, LPAR-17, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, October 10-15, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Majumder, R.N. Barman, B.K. Jana, P. Roy, A. Mazumdar, Impact of Climatic Uncertainty on Water Sequestration of a Subtropical River Basin, in: B.K. Jana, M. Majumder (Eds.), Impact of Climate Change on Natural Resource Management, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010: pp. 93–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microelectronics Reliability.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Is a Vegetarian Diet Really More Environmentally Friendly than Eating Meat?, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology Management: Social Security Administration Practices Can Be Improved, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.M. Nuñez, Getting H.I.P. with First-Generation College Students: Decolonizing the High Impact Practice Movement, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton’s Camp Says It Is Wary Of Perot Inroads, New York Times. (1992) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicroelectronics Reliability
AbbreviationMicroelectron. Reliab.
ISSN (print)0026-2714
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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