How to format your references using the Microelectronics Reliability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microelectronics Reliability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Heldmaier, Physiology. Life on low flame in hibernation, Science. 331 (2011) 866–867.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. Tremaroli, F. Bäckhed, Functional interactions between the gut microbiota and host metabolism, Nature. 489 (2012) 242–249.
A journal article with 3 authors
G.B. West, J.H. Brown, B.J. Enquist, A general model for ontogenetic growth, Nature. 413 (2001) 628–631.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.S. Hong, Y.S. Chen, Y. Li, H.W. Yang, L.L. Wei, B.G. Shen, J.R. Sun, Evolution of conduction channel and its effect on resistance switching for Au-WO₃-x-Au devices, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L.A. Belfiore, Transport Phenomena for Chemical Reactor Design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2003.
An edited book
S. Huang, Real and Complex Clifford Analysis, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Cai, D. Kaufer, E. Hart, Y. Hu, Visual Abstraction with Culture, in: Y. Cai (Ed.), Computing with Instinct: Rediscovering Artificial Intelligence, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microelectronics Reliability.

Blog post
J. Fang, Mutated Plants Can Remove TNT From The Soil, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Distance Education: Improved Data on Program Costs and Guidelines on Quality Assessments Needed to Inform Federal Policy, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Battaglia, Presenting a pluralized past: Assessing the efficacy of multivocal, bison-themed lesson units as a public education and outreach strategy for archaeology, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, Reminiscing About a Woman With Quirks as Well as Causes, New York Times. (2002) 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicroelectronics Reliability
AbbreviationMicroelectron. Reliab.
ISSN (print)0026-2714
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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