How to format your references using the Microelectronic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microelectronic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Hertz, Recession Watch: Cooperation must rule, Nature. 457 (2009) 962–963.
A journal article with 2 authors
X.-D. Cui, Y. Zheng, Unification of the family of Garrison-Wright’s phases, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5813.
A journal article with 3 authors
I.-U. Park, M.W. Peacey, M.R. Munafò, Modelling the effects of subjective and objective decision making in scientific peer review, Nature. 506 (2014) 93–96.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Yoon, G. Peng, Y. Brandenburger, Y. Brandenburg, O. Zollo, W. Xu, E. Rego, D. Ruggero, Impaired control of IRES-mediated translation in X-linked dyskeratosis congenita, Science. 312 (2006) 902–906.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. MacGowan, The Twentieth-Century American Fiction Handbook, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
H.G. Karge, J. Weitkamp, eds., Characterization II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Both, C. Gerritsen, M. Hoogendoorn, J. Treur, Model-Based Default Refinement of Partial Information within an Ambient Agent, in: M. Mühlhäuser, A. Ferscha, E. Aitenbichler (Eds.), Constructing Ambient Intelligence: AmI 2007 Workshops Darmstadt, Germany, November 7-10, 2007 Revised Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 34–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microelectronic Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Active Volcano On Reunion Island Erupts For Third Time In 2015, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, FACE Recognition Technology: FBI Should Better Ensure Privacy and Accuracy [Reissued on August 3, 2016], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Williams, It’s not a beauty pageant!: An examination of leadership development through Alaska native pageants, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, How Plan to Help City Pay Pensions Backfired, New York Times. (2012) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicroelectronic Engineering
AbbreviationMicroelectron. Eng.
ISSN (print)0167-9317
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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