How to format your references using the Microelectronic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microelectronic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L.F. Mollenauer, Physics. Nonlinear optics in fibers, Science. 302 (2003) 996–997.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.H. Yun, K. Hiom, CtIP-BRCA1 modulates the choice of DNA double-strand-break repair pathway throughout the cell cycle, Nature. 459 (2009) 460–463.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.J. London, J. Kimmelman, B. Carlisle, Research ethics. Rethinking research ethics: the case of postmarketing trials, Science. 336 (2012) 544–545.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. O’Hora, R. Dale, P.T. Piiroinen, F. Connolly, Local dynamics in decision making: The evolution of preference within and across decisions, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
X. Chen, C.G. Parini, B. Collins, Y. Yao, M. Ur Rehman, Antennas for Global Navigation Satellite Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
T. Kirk, ed., The Architecture of Modern Italy: Volume II: Visions of Utopia, 1900–Present, Princeton Archit. Press, New York, NY, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Pankin, V. Kuzenny, Data Harmonization in CIS, in: V.V. Popovich, C. Claramunt, M. Schrenk, K.V. Korolenko (Eds.), Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems: Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop, 17-20 May 2009, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microelectronic Engineering.

Blog post
J. Davis, There Are Only 30 Critically Endangered Vaquita Left In The World, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Barnett, Understanding gender differences in teachers’ level of insight as it relates to ADHD, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, No-Frills Cuban Fare, and Cheer, New York Times. (2006) NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicroelectronic Engineering
AbbreviationMicroelectron. Eng.
ISSN (print)0167-9317
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles