How to format your references using the Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whitney, B. (2009), “Astronomy. Forming massive stars,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5915), 719–720.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hench, L.L., and J.M. Polak (2002), “Third-generation biomedical materials,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5557), 1014–1017.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buszczak, M., S. Paterno, and A.C. Spradling (2009), “Drosophila stem cells share a common requirement for the histone H2B ubiquitin protease scrawny,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5911), 248–251.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Heavens, A., B. Panter, R. Jimenez, and J. Dunlop (2004), “The star-formation history of the Universe from the stellar populations of nearby galaxies,” Nature, 428(6983), 625–627.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Turner, J.E., D.J. Downing, and J.S. Bogard (2012), Statistical Methods in Radiation Physics, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
O’Neil, M. (2015), Liver Pathology for Clinicians, 1st ed. 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kamaloni, S.M. (2016), “What Are You Doing Here? The Politics of Race and Belonging at the Airport,” in: H. Randell-Moon, R. Tippet (eds.), Security, Race, Biopower: Essays on Technology and Corporeality, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014), Sexy Peacocks Fly Fine, Even With Extravagant Tails,, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011), “Transportation Security Infrastructure Modernization May Enhance DHS Screening Capabilities, but It Is Too Early to Assess Results,” No. GAO-12-192R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wosu, U.L. (2017), Geochemical Analysis of Late Pleistocene Sediments from Fossil Lake, Northern Lake County, Oregon, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J. (2017), “Blue Apron Slashes Price For Its I.P.O,” New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whitney, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Whitney, 2009; Hench and Polak, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hench and Polak, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Heavens et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics
AbbreviationJ. Inst. Theor. Econ.
ISSN (print)0932-4569
ISSN (online)1614-0559
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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