How to format your references using the Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Bogaard, P. (2013), “The origin of the Canary Island Seamount Province - new ages of old seamounts,” Scientific reports, 3, 2107.
A journal article with 2 authors
Longo, V.D., and C.E. Finch (2003), “Evolutionary medicine: from dwarf model systems to healthy centenarians?,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5611), 1342–1346.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunn, B., H. Kamath, and J.-M. Tarascon (2011), “Electrical energy storage for the grid: a battery of choices,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6058), 928–935.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Renault, M., L. Shintu, M. Piotto, and S. Caldarelli (2013), “Slow-spinning low-sideband HR-MAS NMR spectroscopy: delicate analysis of biological samples,” Scientific reports, 3, 3349.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, P., and M. Kempner (2015), 50 Great Myths of Human Sexuality, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Aleksy, M. (2005), Implementing Distributed Systems with Java and CORBA, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
di Villa Bianca, R.D., G. Cirino, and R. Sorrentino (2015), “Hydrogen Sulfide and Urogenital Tract,” in: P.K. Moore, M. Whiteman (eds.), Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Hydrogen Sulfide, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 111–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016), Somebody Has Found Another “Giant Spoon” On Mars,, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008), “Safe Routes to School: Progress in Implementing the Program, but a Comprehensive Plan to Evaluate Program Outcomes Is Needed,” No. GAO-08-789, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adrian, D.E. (2009), School scheduling models and the achievement of at-risk students: A causal-comparative study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ruiz, R.R., and M.S. Schmidt (2017), “Sessions Steers Clear of Trump’s ‘Joke’ on the Use of Force by the Police,” New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Recupero, 2013; Nordlander, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Longo and Finch, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Muijres et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics
AbbreviationJ. Inst. Theor. Econ.
ISSN (print)0932-4569
ISSN (online)1614-0559
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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