How to format your references using the Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. (2014), “Risk factors: riddle of the rays,” Nature, 515(7527), S112-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore, P.B., and T.A. Steitz (2002), “The involvement of RNA in ribosome function,” Nature, 418(6894), 229–235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parens, E., J. Johnston, and J. Moses (2008), “Ethics. Do we need ‘synthetic bioethics’?,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5895), 1449.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gorelik, L.Y., A. Isacsson, Y.M. Galperin, R.I. Shekhter, and M. Jonson (2001), “Coherent transfer of Cooper pairs by a movable grain,” Nature, 411(6836), 454–457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rasch, D., and D. Schott (2015), Mathematische Statistik, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Kern, T.A. (ed.) (2009), Engineering Haptic Devices: A Beginner’s Guide for Engineers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zaidi, N.A., and S.B. Sidhu (2016), “Open Adrenalectomy,” in: H. Chen (ed.), Illustrative Handbook of General Surgery, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017), Astronomers To Peer Into A Black Hole For First Time With new Event Horizon Telescope,, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005), “Financial Audit: The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Fiscal Year 2004 Management Representation Letter on Its Financial Statements,” No. GAO-05-591R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tang, D. (2009), Event detection in sensor networks, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K. (2016), “With City Passing By in a Blur, a Star Adds Yet Another Title,” New York Times, F2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Willyard, 2014; Moore and Steitz, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moore and Steitz, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Gorelik et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics
AbbreviationJ. Inst. Theor. Econ.
ISSN (print)0932-4569
ISSN (online)1614-0559
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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