How to format your references using the Biology of Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biology of Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Metzger TH. Applied physics. Squeezing x-ray photons. Science 2002; 297:205–206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beroza GC, Ide S. Geophysics. Deep tremors and slow quakes. Science 2009; 324:1025–1026.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholl JA, Koh AL, Dionne JA. Quantum plasmon resonances of individual metallic nanoparticles. Nature 2012; 483:421–427.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Chang W-L, Smith RB, Wicks C, Farrell JM, Puskas CM. Accelerated uplift and magmatic intrusion of the Yellowstone caldera, 2004 to 2006. Science 2007; 318:952–956.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woods DR. Successful Trouble Shooting for Process Engineers. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Sharpe M, Nickelson D (eds.). Secularisations and Their Debates: Perspectives on the Return of Religion in the Contemporary West. vol. 5. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown CT, Liebovitch LS, Glendon R. Hunter–Gatherers Optimize Their Foraging Patterns Using Lévy Flights. In: Bates DG, Tucker J (eds.), Human Ecology: Contemporary Research and Practice. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010:51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biology of Reproduction.

Blog post
Andrew E. Liberia Announces New Ebola Death Since Country declared Free of the Disease; 2015. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Biomedical Research: NIH Should Assess the Impact of Growth in Indirect Costs on Its Mission. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward D. Teaching with the End in Mind: A Teacher’s Life History as a Legacy of Educational Leaders. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson K, Pilon M. Technology Firm From India Will Be New York Marathon Title Sponsor. New York Times 2013:B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiology of Reproduction
AbbreviationBiol. Reprod.
ISSN (print)0006-3363
ISSN (online)1529-7268
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine

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