How to format your references using the Biology of Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biology of Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scarpa R. Volcanology. Predicting volcanic eruptions. Science 2001; 293:615–616.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butz WP, Torrey BB. Some frontiers in social science. Science 2006; 312:1898–1900.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavine M, Szuromi P, Coontz R. Materials for grid energy. Electricity now and when. Introduction. Science 2011; 334:921.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Chung DY, Kim H-I, Chung Y-H, Lee MJ, Yoo SJ, Bokare AD, Choi W, Sung Y-E. Inhibition of CO poisoning on Pt catalyst coupled with the reduction of toxic hexavalent chromium in a dual-functional fuel cell. Sci Rep 2014; 4:7450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abraham A. The Trend Following Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Singh R, Vatsa M, Majumdar A, Kumar A (eds.). Machine Intelligence and Signal Processing. vol. 390. 1st ed. 2016. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Müller T, Taubmann B, Freiling FC. TreVisor. In: Bao F, Samarati P, Zhou J (eds.), Applied Cryptography and Network Security: 10th International Conference, ACNS 2012, Singapore, June 26-29, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:66–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biology of Reproduction.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. You Can Now View More Than 10,000 High-Res Photos From The Apollo Missions; 2015. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: International Space Station and Shuttle Support Cost Limits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaminsky E. Schumann’s Op. 14: Original, Revised and Edited (‘Concerto without Orchestra’ versus Piano Sonata No. 3). Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kinsley M. The Faintest of Praise for the President. New York Times 2017:SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiology of Reproduction
AbbreviationBiol. Reprod.
ISSN (print)0006-3363
ISSN (online)1529-7268
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine

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