How to format your references using the Biology of Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biology of Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kerbel RS. Antiangiogenic therapy: a universal chemosensitization strategy for cancer? Science 2006; 312:1171–1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Seife C, Malakoff D. PHYSICS: Will Livermore Laser Ever Burn Brightly? Science 2000; 289:1126–1129.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Haitin Y, Carlson AE, Zagotta WN. The structural mechanism of KCNH-channel regulation by the eag domain. Nature 2013; 501:444–448.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
[1]
Goldberg JL, Klassen MP, Hua Y, Barres BA. Amacrine-signaled loss of intrinsic axon growth ability by retinal ganglion cells. Science 2002; 296:1860–1864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Adhikari SK. Variational Principles and the Numerical Solution of Scattering Problems. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Oestreicher A, Hammer M (eds.). Taxation of Income from Domestic and Cross-border Collective Investment: A Qualitative and Quantitative Comparison. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Shipton C, Petraglia MD. Inter-continental Variation in Acheulean Bifaces. In: Norton CJ, Braun DR (eds.), Asian Paleoanthropology: From Africa to China and Beyond. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011:49–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biology of Reproduction.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. What Is The Dark Web And How Does It Work?; 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/what-is-the-dark-web-and-how-does-it-work/. Accessed 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. NSA Methods of Acquiring Automatic Data Processing Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Katavic I. Corporate social responsibility and sustainable competitive advantage: A case study of the cement industry. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. A Grievous Homecoming (It’s O.K. to Laugh). New York Times 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiology of Reproduction
AbbreviationBiol. Reprod.
ISSN (print)0006-3363
ISSN (online)1529-7268
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine

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