How to format your references using the Journal of Inequalities and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Inequalities and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ledford, H.: Patent examiners call in the jury. Nature. 448, 239 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Egbert, G.D., Ray, R.D.: Significant dissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred from satellite altimeter data. Nature. 405, 775–778 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wasmuth, E.V., Januszyk, K., Lima, C.D.: Structure of an Rrp6-RNA exosome complex bound to poly(A) RNA. Nature. 511, 435–439 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Riddle, M.R., Aspiras, A.C., Gaudenz, K., Peuß, R., Sung, J.Y., Martineau, B., Peavey, M., Box, A.C., Tabin, J.A., McGaugh, S., Borowsky, R., Tabin, C.J., Rohner, N.: Insulin resistance in cavefish as an adaptation to a nutrient-limited environment. Nature. 555, 647–651 (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Woolf, G.: Tales of the Barbarians. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
1.
Reddy, V.R.: Life-cycle Cost Approach for Management of Environmental Resources: A Primer. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cazella, S.C., Reategui, E.B., Behar, P.: Recommendation of Learning Objects Applying Collaborative Filtering and Competencies. In: Reynolds, N. and Turcsányi-Szabó, M. (eds.) Key Competencies in the Knowledge Society: IFIP TC 3 International Conference, KCKS 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings. pp. 35–43. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Inequalities and Applications.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: FAA Can Help Ensure That Airports’ Access Control Systems Are Cost-Effective. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Canetta, S.E.: Type III Neuregulin1 Signaling in Peripheral Sensory Neurons Affects Thermal Pain Sensation and Hyperalgesia, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Bennhold, K., Erlanger, S., Yeginsu, C.: Britain on Edge As Terror Alert Hits Top Level, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Inequalities and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Inequal. Appl.
ISSN (online)1029-242X
ScopeAnalysis
Applied Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

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