How to format your references using the Journal of Inequalities and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Inequalities and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rosswog, S.: Astronomy. Short gamma-ray bursts. Science. 303, 46–47 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pasparakis, M., Vandenabeele, P.: Necroptosis and its role in inflammation. Nature. 517, 311–320 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hamlin, J.K., Wynn, K., Bloom, P.: Social evaluation by preverbal infants. Nature. 450, 557–559 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Fogg, D.K., Sibon, C., Miled, C., Jung, S., Aucouturier, P., Littman, D.R., Cumano, A., Geissmann, F.: A clonogenic bone marrow progenitor specific for macrophages and dendritic cells. Science. 311, 83–87 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Nyce, D.S.: Position Sensors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
1.
Margottini, C., Canuti, P., Sassa, K. eds: Landslide Science and Practice: Volume 1: Landslide Inventory and Susceptibility and Hazard Zoning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hammal, Y.: A Formal Semantics of UML StateCharts by Means of Timed Petri Nets. In: Wang, F. (ed.) Formal Techniques for Networked and Distributed Systems - FORTE 2005: 25th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, October 2-5, 2005. Proceedings. pp. 38–52. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Inequalities and Applications.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan, J.: Solar Impulse Plane Begins Daunting 90-Hour Trek Across The Atlantic Ocean, https://www.iflscience.com/technology/solar-impulse-plane-begins-daunting-90hour-trek-across-the-atlantic-ocean/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Comments on Use of Funds from Vending Machines. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1954)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Huff, H.K.: Thumb Twiddle Glossolalia: The Soumage, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley, B.: A Woman’s Fortune, and Her Ruin, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Inequalities and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Inequal. Appl.
ISSN (online)1029-242X
ScopeAnalysis
Applied Mathematics
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

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