How to format your references using the Microchemical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microchemical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.C. Clary, Chemistry. Geometric phase in chemical reactions, Science. 309 (2005) 1195–1196.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Dillin, J.W. Kelly, Medicine. The yin-yang of sirtuins, Science. 317 (2007) 461–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Jankowski, A.R.W. McKellar, K. Szalewicz, Theory untangles the high-resolution infrared spectrum of the ortho-H2-CO van der Waals complex, Science. 336 (2012) 1147–1150.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Zhang, C. Ma, T. Delohery, B. Nasipak, B.C. Foat, A. Bounoutas, H.J. Bussemaker, S.K. Kim, M. Chalfie, Identification of genes expressed in C. elegans touch receptor neurons, Nature. 418 (2002) 331–335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.E. Lyshevski, Engineering and Scientific Computations Using MATLAB®, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
J. Waterworth, Human-Experiential Design of Presence in Everyday Blended Reality: Living in the Here and Now, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
K.N. Krishnanand, D. Ghose, Glowworm Swarm Optimization for Searching Higher Dimensional Spaces, in: C.P. Lim, L.C. Jain, S. Dehuri (Eds.), Innovations in Swarm Intelligence, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microchemical Journal.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Researchers Monitor Worm Nervous System Live In 3D, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Reengineering: Opportunities to Improve, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Stefania, From Italian American Icon to Working Class Hero: Perspectives on Pietro di Donato’s “Christ in Concrete,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, Teachers Adding an H (for Hygiene) to the 3 R’s, New York Times. (2000) B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrochemical Journal
AbbreviationMicrochem. J.
ISSN (print)0026-265X
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

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