How to format your references using the Microchemical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microchemical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Westerfeld, All is not lost, Nature. 406 (2000) 241.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.A. Zeh, D.W. Zeh, Outbred embryos rescue inbred half-siblings in mixed-paternity broods of live-bearing females, Nature. 439 (2006) 201–203.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Bai, Y. Zhang, J. Hao, Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5724.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.C. Zachos, M.A. Arthur, T.J. Bralower, H.J. Spero, Palaeoclimatology: tropical temperatures in greenhouse episodes, Nature. 419 (2002) 897–8; discussion 898.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Goering, H.-G. Roos, L. Tobiska, Die Finite-Elemente-Methode für Anfänger, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2010.
An edited book
Z. Levin, W.R. Cotton, eds., Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation: A Scientific Review, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Apsel, X. Wang, R. Dokania, Pulse Coupled Oscillator Networks, in: X. Wang, R. Dokania (Eds.), Design of Ultra-Low Power Impulse Radios, Springer, New York, NY, 2014: pp. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microchemical Journal.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Creationism Banned From Science Classes By Scottish Government, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Meeting the Aging Aircraft Challenge: Status and Opportunities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.G. Dylla, Synthesis, characterization and catalytic studies of bimetallic nanoparticles, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, Roaming the Woods, Imagining Gunfire on a Cold War Base, New York Times. (2017) A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrochemical Journal
AbbreviationMicrochem. J.
ISSN (print)0026-265X
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

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