How to format your references using the Spinal Cord citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Spinal Cord. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Boyle P. Social science. A U.K. view on the U.S. attack on social sciences. Science 2013; 341: 719.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Roth S, Panfilio KA. Development. Making waves for segments. Science 2012; 336: 306–307.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Fitch JP, Raber E, Imbro DR. Technology challenges in responding to biological or chemical attacks in the civilian sector. Science 2003; 302: 1350–1354.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Wang X, Auler AS, Edwards RL, Cheng H, Cristalli PS, Smart PL et al. Wet periods in northeastern Brazil over the past 210 kyr linked to distant climate anomalies. Nature 2004; 432: 740–743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Lado EP. The Common Fisheries Policy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
1
Dallenbach-Hellweg G. Color Atlas of Histopathology of the Cervix Uteri. 2nd ed. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Turnitsa C. Conceptual Modeling. In: Loper ML (ed). Modeling and Simulation in the Systems Engineering Life Cycle: Core Concepts and Accompanying Lectures. Springer: London, 2015, pp 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Spinal Cord.

Blog post
1
Taub B. Enormous Air Purifier Turns Smog Into Jewelry. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/environment/enormous-air-purifier-turns-smog-into-jewelry/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Limited Success Rebuilding Staff and Finalizing Aging Aircraft Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Van Exel LM. Applying database refactoring techniques to procedural SQL. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Yee V, Rosenberg E. Fatal Brooklyn Apartment Fire Was Arson, Police Say. New York Times. 2015; : A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSpinal Cord
AbbreviationSpinal Cord
ISSN (print)1362-4393
ISSN (online)1476-5624
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Neurology

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