How to format your references using the Spinal Cord citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Spinal Cord. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Ory J. Scientists and societies. Two-body problem. Nature 2004; 429: 788.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
van Opstal EJ, Bordenstein SR. MICROBIOME. Rethinking heritability of the microbiome. Science 2015; 349: 1172–1173.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Gitlin L, Karelsky S, Andino R. Short interfering RNA confers intracellular antiviral immunity in human cells. Nature 2002; 418: 430–434.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Wang F, Liu P, Sun L, Li C, Petrenko VA, Liu A. Bio-mimetic nanostructure self-assembled from Au@Ag heterogeneous nanorods and phage fusion proteins for targeted tumor optical detection and photothermal therapy. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 6808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bai Y. Practical Database Programming with Visual Basic.NET. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
1
Matoušek V, Mautner P (eds.). Text, Speech and Dialogue: 10th International Conference, TSD 2007, Pilsen, Czech Republic, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Bogdanov D, Talviste R, Willemson J. Deploying Secure Multi-Party Computation for Financial Data Analysis. In: Keromytis AD (ed). Financial Cryptography and Data Security: 16th International Conference, FC 2012, Kralendijk, Bonaire, Februray 27-March 2, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, pp 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Spinal Cord.

Blog post
1
O`Callaghan J. Does Drinking Wine Seriously Engage Your Brain More Than A Math Problem? IFLScience. 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Teacher Quality: Sustained Coordination among Key Federal Education Programs Could Enhance State Efforts to Improve Teacher Quality. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Martinez V. The relationship between visit to a doctor and the health behaviors of children. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Saslow L. The Power of the Adolescent Pen. New York Times. 2006; : 14LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSpinal Cord
AbbreviationSpinal Cord
ISSN (print)1362-4393
ISSN (online)1476-5624
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Neurology

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