How to format your references using the Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fields RD. Neuroscience. Myelin--more than insulation. Science 2014;344:264–266.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hågvar S, Ohlson M. Ancient carbon from a melting glacier gives high 14C age in living pioneer invertebrates. Sci Rep 2013;3:2820.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sousa-Nunes R, Yee LL, Gould AP. Fat cells reactivate quiescent neuroblasts via TOR and glial insulin relays in Drosophila. Nature 2011;471:508–512.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Zhang Y, Ge J, Wang L, Wang D, Ding F, et al. Manageable N-doped graphene for high performance oxygen reduction reaction. Sci Rep 2013;3:2771.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dorsey JR. Y-Size Your Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Krohn MD, Lizotte AJ, Hall GP (eds). Handbook on Crime and Deviance. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fattore M, Maggino F, Colombo E. From Composite Indicators to Partial Orders: Evaluating Socio-Economic Phenomena Through Ordinal Data. In: Maggino F, Nuvolati G (editors). Quality of life in Italy: Research and Reflections. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. pp. 41–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. What is Dark Lightning? IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Research Continues on a Variety of Factors That Contribute to Motor Vehicle Crashes. GAO-03-436; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 31 March 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Copeland EJ. A grant proposal for individuals with severe mental illness. Doctoral Dissertation; California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Justices Add More Cases On Job Discrimination. New York Times, 19 January 2008, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobiology
AbbreviationMicrobiology
ISSN (print)1350-0872
ISSN (online)1465-2080
ScopeMicrobiology

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