How to format your references using the Bioengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schloss, P.D. Microbiology: An integrated view of the skin microbiome. Nature 2014, 514, 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hajkova, P.; Surani, M.A. Development. Programming the X chromosome. Science 2004, 303, 633–634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Z.X.; Cifelli, R.L.; Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. Dual origin of tribosphenic mammals. Nature 2001, 409, 53–57.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Terszowski, G.; Müller, S.M.; Bleul, C.C.; Blum, C.; Schirmbeck, R.; Reimann, J.; Pasquier, L.D.; Amagai, T.; Boehm, T.; Rodewald, H.-R. Evidence for a functional second thymus in mice. Science 2006, 312, 284–287.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A. Fracture Mechanics 3; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ USA, 2012; ISBN 9781118580158.
An edited book
Models of Strategic Reasoning: Logics, Games, and Communities; van Benthem, J., Ghosh, S., Verbrugge, R., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015; Vol. 8972; ISBN 9783662485392.
A chapter in an edited book
Eyden, B.; Banerjee, S.S. Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone, and Other Mesenchymal Tumours. In The Ultrastructure of Human Tumours: Applications in Diagnosis and Research; Banerjee, S.S., Ru, Y., Liberski, P., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 177–362 ISBN 9783642391675.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioengineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Dolphin or Mammoth? Bizarre Creature With “Fur and a Beak” Washes up Along Russian Shore Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office ADA Paratransit Services: Survey of Public Transit Agency Officials on Services and Costs (GAO-13-18SP, November, 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-13-17; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2012;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zamudio, R. From community college to 4-year institutions: Latinas’ successful completion of STEM baccalaureate degrees. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F. With Emphasis on Safety, Playgrounds Aren’t for All. New York Times 2005, 14LI1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioengineering
AbbreviationBioengineering (Basel)
ISSN (online)2306-5354

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