How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balents L. Spin liquids in frustrated magnets. Nature. 2010;464(7286):199-208.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zheng J, Jia Z. Structural biology: tiny enzyme uses context to succeed. Nature. 2013;497(7450):445-446.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sansom RS, Gabbott SE, Purnell MA. Non-random decay of chordate characters causes bias in fossil interpretation. Nature. 2010;463(7282):797-800.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Faham S, Watanabe A, Besserer GM, et al. The crystal structure of a sodium galactose transporter reveals mechanistic insights into Na+/sugar symport. Science. 2008;321(5890):810-814.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knopf FC. Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Stroo HF, Leeson A, Ward CH, eds. Bioaugmentation for Groundwater Remediation. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Homburg C, Schäfer H, Schneider J. Sales Channels and Sales Partners: Designing the Route to the Customer. In: Schäfer H, Schneider J, eds. Sales Excellence: Systematic Sales Management. Management for Professionals. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:45-59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Transplantation.

Blog post
Hamilton K. How Man’s Best Friend Is Helping Cancer Treatment. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comments on Bill To Amend NASA Act of 1958. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1966.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ilag GM. An examination of the entity participants’ collaborative partnerships within the United Nations Global Compact. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner J. To Keep Cespedes Fit: Add Water, Stir, and Hope. New York Times. July 4, 2017:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Transplantation
ISSN (print)2212-0017

Other styles