How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walmsley IA. Looking to the future of quantum optics. Science. 2008;319(5867):1211-1213.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou H, Dick HJB. Thin crust as evidence for depleted mantle supporting the Marion Rise. Nature. 2013;494(7436):195-200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fenton LK, Geissler PE, Haberle RM. Global warming and climate forcing by recent albedo changes on Mars. Nature. 2007;446(7136):646-649.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gehrels N, Macomb DJ, Bertsch DL, Thompson DJ, Hartman RC. Discovery of a new population of high-energy gamma-ray sources in the Milky Way. Nature. 2000;404(6776):363-365.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham AW, Kirkman NC, Paul PM. Mobile Radio Network Design in the VHF and UHF Bands. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Pratt LJ. Rotating Hydraulics: Nonlinear Topographic Effects in the Ocean and Atmosphere. Vol 36. (Whitehead JA, ed.). Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Parker G. Punctuated Anytime Learning for Autonomous Agent Control. In: El-Osery A, Prevost J, eds. Control and Systems Engineering: A Report on Four Decades of Contributions. Studies in Systems, Decision and Control. Springer International Publishing; 2015:89-107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Transplantation.

Blog post
Hale T. Loads Of Processed Foods And Drinks Are Way Saltier Than You Think. IFLScience. Published March 21, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: Information on Program Cost and Schedule Changes. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bannister RM. To What Extent Are the Grade Configurations of Middle/High Schools and High Schools Related to Student Engagement? Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley G. The Uninvited Guests. New York Times. October 26, 2016:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Transplantation
ISSN (print)2212-0017

Other styles