How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hublin J-J. Anthropology. How to build a Neandertal. Science. 2014;344(6190):1338-1339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Altshuler D, Clark AG. Genetics. Harvesting medical information from the human family tree. Science. 2005;307(5712):1052-1053.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiao Y, Jiang J, Huang H. Chemical dechlorination of hexachlorobenzene with polyethylene glycol and hydroxide: dominant effect of temperature and ionic potential. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6305.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gill JA, Norris K, Potts PM, Gunnarsson TG, Atkinson PW, Sutherland WJ. The buffer effect and large-scale population regulation in migratory birds. Nature. 2001;412(6845):436-438.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell D. The JCT Design and Build Contract 2005. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Jackman AL, Leamon CP, eds. Targeted Drug Strategies for Cancer and Inflammation. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
D’amico R. Disease and the Concept of Supervenience. In: Kincaid H, McKitrick J, eds. Establishing Medical Reality: Essays In The Metaphysics And Epistemology Of Biomedical Science. Philosophy and Medicine. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007:35-45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Transplantation.

Blog post
Andrews R. Boiling Water Behaves Extremely Weirdly Aboard The ISS. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: USDA Should Evaluate the Performance of the Rural Broadband Loan Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sarkar D. Nanopass compiler infrastructure. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Ready to Answer Detainee Rights Question. New York Times. December 6, 2007:A32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Transplantation
ISSN (print)2212-0017

Other styles