How to format your references using the Microbiological Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbiological Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell, P.N., 2000. Health care in former soviet republics. Science 288, 2131b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blackstock, J.J., Long, J.C.S., 2010. Climate change. The politics of geoengineering. Science 327, 527.
A journal article with 3 authors
Horsewill, A.J., Jones, N.H., Caciuffo, R., 2001. Evidence for coherent proton tunneling in a hydrogen bond network. Science 291, 100–103.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Singh, S.B., Davis, A.S., Taylor, G.A., Deretic, V., 2006. Human IRGM induces autophagy to eliminate intracellular mycobacteria. Science 313, 1438–1441.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wernecke, R., 2003. Industrielle Feuchtemessung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Ameratunga, J., 2016. Correlations of Soil and Rock Properties in Geotechnical Engineering, Developments in Geotechnical Engineering. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Bustamante, A.L., Molina, J.M., Patricio, M.A., 2011. Multi-camera Control and Video Transmission Architecture for Distributed Systems, in: Molina, J.M., Corredera, J.R.C., Pérez, M.F.C., Ortega-García, J., Barbolla, A.M.B. (Eds.), User-Centric Technologies and Applications: Proceedings of the CONTEXTS 2011 Workshop, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbiological Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Does Non-Celiac Gluten Intolerance Actually Exist? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Department of Energy’s Consolidation of Information Processing Activities Needs More Attention (No. EMD-78-60). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brookman, D., 2009. Establishing context for referents in online chatroom conversations (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Engaged Players Are on Same Side, Even in Singles. New York Times SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blackstock and Long, 2010; Campbell, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blackstock and Long, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Singh et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobiological Research
AbbreviationMicrobiol. Res.
ISSN (print)0944-5013

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