How to format your references using the Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mahowald, N. (2011). Aerosol indirect effect on biogeochemical cycles and climate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6057), 794–796.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, B., & Tao, N. J. (2003). Measurement of single-molecule resistance by repeated formation of molecular junctions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5637), 1221–1223.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim, J. H., Haule, K., & Kotliar, G. (2007). Modeling the localized-to-itinerant electronic transition in the heavy fermion system CeIrIn5. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5856), 1615–1617.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Strong, A., Chisholm, S., Miller, C., & Cullen, J. (2009). Ocean fertilization: time to move on. Nature, 461(7262), 347–348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
French, M., Szepesvári, C., & Rogers, E. (2005). Performance of Nonlinear Approximate Adaptive Controllers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chinesta, F. (2014). PGD-Based Modeling of Materials, Structures and Processes. (E. Cueto, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Audière, S., Charbit, M., Angelini, E. D., Oudry, J., & Sandrin, L. (2010). Measurement of the Skin-Liver Capsule Distance on Ultrasound RF Data for 1D Transient Elastography. In T. Jiang, N. Navab, J. P. W. Pluim, & M. A. Viergever (Eds.), Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2010: 13th International Conference, Beijing, China, September 20-24, 2010, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 34–41). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Economics.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2017, January 10). Stuttering May Be Caused By Reduced Blood Flow To A Key Region Of The Brain. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Development and the Ability of the Department of the Interior To Administer Such a Program (No. 096973). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ackerman, G. L. (2009). Information technology in the K–12 classroom: Curriculum and instruction reflecting emerging capacity and paradigms (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2006, June 4). Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many. New York Times, p. 14LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mahowald 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Mahowald 2011; Xu and Tao 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu and Tao 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Strong et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Economics
AbbreviationExp. Econ.
ISSN (print)1386-4157
ISSN (online)1573-6938
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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