How to format your references using the Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford, H. (2006). Liquid fuel synthesis: making it up as you go along. Nature, 444(7120), 677–678.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kleizen, B., & Braakman, I. (2013). Cell biology. A sweet send-off. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6135), 930–931.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubal, D. P., Holze, R., & Gomez-Romero, P. (2014). Development of hybrid materials based on sponge supported reduced graphene oxide and transition metal hydroxides for hybrid energy storage devices. Scientific reports, 4, 7349.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kaneko, T., Sakuma, T., Yamamoto, T., & Mashimo, T. (2014). Simple knockout by electroporation of engineered endonucleases into intact rat embryos. Scientific reports, 4, 6382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bma. (2013). Everyday Medical Ethics and Law. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wood, L. N. (2012). Becoming a Mathematician: An international perspective. (P. Petocz & A. Reid, Eds.) (Vol. 56). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kalašová, A., Mikulski, J., & Kubíková, S. (2016). The Impact of Intelligent Transport Systems on an Accident Rate of the Chosen Part of Road Communication Network in the Slovak Republic. In J. Mikulski (Ed.), Challenge of Transport Telematics: 16th International Conference on Transport Systems Telematics, TST 2016, Katowice-Ustroń, Poland, March 16–19, 2016, Selected Papers (pp. 47–58). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 10). Discovery Of “Good Fat” Molecules Could Lead To New Diabetes Treatment. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Aviation Safety: Problems Persist in FAA’s Inspection Program (No. RCED-92-14). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
MacKinder, M. (2010). Max the Knife, Salesman (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (2001, April 15). Mudville Can Never Die. New York Times, p. 725.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kleizen and Braakman 2013; Ledford 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kleizen and Braakman 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kaneko et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Economics
AbbreviationExp. Econ.
ISSN (print)1386-4157
ISSN (online)1573-6938
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles