How to format your references using the Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lubensky, T. C. (2000). LIQUID CRYSTALS: New Banana Phases. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5474), 2146–2147.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Q., & Zhang, P. (2014). IR Li2Ga2GeS6 nanocrystallized GeS2-Ga2S3-Li2S electroconductive chalcogenide glass with good nonlinearity. Scientific reports, 4, 5719.
A journal article with 3 authors
Inaba, M., Yamanaka, H., & Kondo, S. (2012). Pigment pattern formation by contact-dependent depolarization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6069), 677.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mattapallil, J. J., Douek, D. C., Hill, B., Nishimura, Y., Martin, M., & Roederer, M. (2005). Massive infection and loss of memory CD4+ T cells in multiple tissues during acute SIV infection. Nature, 434(7037), 1093–1097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goshtasby, A. A. (2017). Theory and Applications of Image Registration. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Grasser, T., & Selberherr, S. (Eds.). (2007). Simulation of Semiconductor Processes and Devices 2007: SISPAD 2007. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yuksel, A., & Olmez, T. (2016). Filter Bank Common Spatio-Spectral Patterns for Motor Imagery Classification. In M. E. Renda, M. Bursa, A. Holzinger, & S. Khuri (Eds.), Information Technology in Bio- and Medical Informatics: 7th International Conference, ITBAM 2016, Porto, Portugal, September 5-8, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 69–84). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 13). The Heartbeats of Fruit Flies Can Be Regulated Using Light Pulses. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan] (No. B-256497). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, R. (2010). Grounding theatricality in reality: The creation of the role of Suzie in “Current Nobody” (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, March 18). Modest Senior Gives Butler Special Moment. New York Times, p. B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lubensky 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Liu and Zhang 2014; Lubensky 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Zhang 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mattapallil et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Economics
AbbreviationExp. Econ.
ISSN (print)1386-4157
ISSN (online)1573-6938
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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