How to format your references using the Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claverie, J.-M. (2005). Fewer genes, more noncoding RNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5740), 1529–1530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rosenberg, S. M., & Hastings, P. J. (2003). Microbiology and evolution. Modulating mutation rates in the wild. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5624), 1382–1383.
A journal article with 3 authors
González-Gutiérrez, J., Carrillo-Estrada, J. L., & Ruiz-Suárez, J. C. (2014). Penetration of granular projectiles into a water target. Scientific reports, 4, 6762.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Singh, S. K., Kagalwala, M. N., Parker-Thornburg, J., Adams, H., & Majumder, S. (2008). REST maintains self-renewal and pluripotency of embryonic stem cells. Nature, 453(7192), 223–227.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ford, I. (2013). Statistical Physics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ghaoui, C., Jain, M., Bannore, V., & C. Jain, L. (Eds.). (2005). Knowledge-Based Virtual Education (Vol. 178). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kőrösi, A., Székely, B., & Máté, M. (2011). Modeling the Content Popularity Evolution in Video-on-Demand Systems. In R. Szabó, H. Zhu, S. Imre, & R. Chaparadza (Eds.), Access Networks: 5th International ICST Conference on Access Networks, AccessNets 2010 and First ICST International Workshop on Autonomic Networking and Self-Management in Access Networks, SELFMAGICNETS 2010, Budapest, Hungary, November 3-5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 47–61). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 27). What’s Next For Tobacco Control? A Smoke-Free Generation. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-95-21(4)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reilly, J. M. (2008). The role of public opinion in China’s Japan policy: 1997–2007 (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M. (2017, October 5). September’s Most Popular Listings. New York Times, p. RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Claverie 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Claverie 2005; Rosenberg and Hastings 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rosenberg and Hastings 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Singh et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Economics
AbbreviationExp. Econ.
ISSN (print)1386-4157
ISSN (online)1573-6938
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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