How to format your references using the Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor, M. (2011). Reform the PhD system or close it down. Nature, 472(7343), 261.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ide, M., & Hidaka, S. (2013). Tactile stimulation can suppress visual perception. Scientific reports, 3, 3453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gizon, L., Duvall, T. L., & Schou, J. (2003). Wave-like properties of solar supergranulation. Nature, 421(6918), 43–44.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Salge, J. R., Dreyer, B. J., Dauenhauer, P. J., & Schmidt, L. D. (2006). Renewable hydrogen from nonvolatile fuels by reactive flash volatilization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 801–804.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taylor, F. J. (2011). Digital Filters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Whitacre, D. M. (Ed.). (2015). Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (Vol. 234). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Choe, E. K., Jung, J., Lee, B., & Fisher, K. (2013). Nudging People Away from Privacy-Invasive Mobile Apps through Visual Framing. In P. Kotzé, G. Marsden, G. Lindgaard, J. Wesson, & M. Winckler (Eds.), Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2013: 14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, September 2-6, 2013, Proceedings, Part III (pp. 74–91). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 5). People Living Near Busy Roads Found To Have Higher Rates Of Dementia. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Interim Actions to Reduce Near Mid-Air Collisions (No. RCED-89-149). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moua, P. (2009). Differential functions of the kinesin-1 tail in Drosophila melanogaster transport processes (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. (2014, May 26). Peace-Talk Critic Takes Lead in Colombia Presidential Vote. New York Times, p. A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Taylor 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ide and Hidaka 2013; Taylor 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ide and Hidaka 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Salge et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Economics
AbbreviationExp. Econ.
ISSN (print)1386-4157
ISSN (online)1573-6938
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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