How to format your references using the Experimental Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halliwell, B. (2003). Plasma antioxidants: health benefits of eating chocolate? Nature, 426(6968), 787; discussion 788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simons, M., & Eichmann, A. (2013). Physiology. Lymphatics are in my veins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6146), 622–624.
A journal article with 3 authors
Assender, H., Bliznyuk, V., & Porfyrakis, K. (2002). How surface topography relates to materials’ properties. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5583), 973–976.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ponti, A., Machacek, M., Gupton, S. L., Waterman-Storer, C. M., & Danuser, G. (2004). Two distinct actin networks drive the protrusion of migrating cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5691), 1782–1786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gee, S. (2014). Fraud and Fraud Detection. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Irschik, H., Krommer, M., Watanabe, K., & Furukawa, T. (Eds.). (2010). Mechanics and Model-Based Control of Smart Materials and Structures. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cazzola, W., Chiba, S., Coady, Y., & Saake, G. (2007). AOSD and Reflection: Benefits and Drawbacks to Software Evolution. In M. Südholt & C. Consel (Eds.), Object-Oriented Technology. ECOOP 2006 Workshop Reader: ECOOP 2006 Workshops, Nantes, France, July 3-7, 2006, Final Reports (pp. 40–52). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, October 21). Giving Seaweed To Cattle Could Bring A Stop To Belch-Based Climate Change. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Acquisition of Automatic Data Processing Equipment at Federal Judicial Center (No. B-193861). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chalmers, T. D. (2009). The social context of advertising: Authenticity, social identity, and reflected appraisals (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, May 5). A Household In Thrall To Tales Told. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Halliwell 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Halliwell 2003; Simons and Eichmann 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simons and Eichmann 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ponti et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Economics
AbbreviationExp. Econ.
ISSN (print)1386-4157
ISSN (online)1573-6938
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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