How to format your references using the Microbial Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbial Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balter M. Archaeology. Did plaster hold Neolithic society together? Science 2001;294:2278–2281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ganel T, Goodale MA. Visual control of action but not perception requires analytical processing of object shape. Nature 2003;426:664–667.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stassun KG, Mathieu RD, Valenti JA. Discovery of two young brown dwarfs in an eclipsing binary system. Nature 2006;440:311–314.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Ossiander M, Riemensberger J, Neppl S, Mittermair M, Schäffer M, et al. Absolute timing of the photoelectric effect. Nature 2018;561:374–377.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blume SW. High Voltage Protection for Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Gavrilova ML, Tan CJK (eds). Transactions on Computational Science XXII. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Waseda Y, Suzuki S, Saito M. Structural Characterization for a Complex System by Obtaining Middle-Range Ordering. In: Waseda Y, Suzuki S (editors). Characterization of Corrosion Products on Steel Surfaces. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. pp. 77–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbial Genomics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Taking Plants Off Planet – How Do They Grow In Zero Gravity? IFLScience. (2015, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Intelsat Privatization and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act. GAO-04-891; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 13 September 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis JA. Demobilizing the Minors: Examining Compliance with International Child Soldiering Laws. Doctoral Dissertation; George Washington University; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L. Whatever Floats Your Soap. New York Times, 20 February 2014, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobial Genomics
AbbreviationMicrob. Genom.
ISSN (online)2057-5858

Other styles