How to format your references using the Microbial Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Microbial Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chicurel M. Genome analysis at your fingertips. Nature 2002;419:751, 753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymo ME, Mitrovica JX. Collapse of polar ice sheets during the stage 11 interglacial. Nature 2012;483:453–456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuthill PG, Monnier JD, Danchi WC. A dusty torus around the luminous young star LkH alpha101. Nature 2001;409:1012–1014.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Banavar JR, Damuth J, Maritan A, Rinaldo A. Physiology: Allometric cascades. Nature 2003;421:713–4; discussion 714.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doyle JF. Modern Experimental Stress Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Clarkson DB. S+ Functional Data Analysis: User’s Manual for Windows®. New York, NY: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Bharadwaj U, Kasembeli MM, Tweardy DJ. STAT3 Inhibitors in Cancer: A Comprehensive Update. In: Ward AC (editor). STAT Inhibitors in Cancer. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. pp. 95–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Microbial Genomics.

Blog post
Andrew D. Five Reasons Why Cutting NASA’s Climate Research Would Be A Colossal Mistake. IFLScience. (2016, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: NASA’s Major Changes to Flight Hardware. NSIAD-88-173FS; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 27 June 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klepper EM. Andragogy and Workplace Relationships: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring Employees’ Perceptions of Their Relationships with Their Supervisors. Doctoral Dissertation; Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Reconsiders Pivotal Louisiana Case on Racial Selection of Juries. New York Times, 5 December 2007, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicrobial Genomics
AbbreviationMicrob. Genom.
ISSN (online)2057-5858

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