How to format your references using the Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery, J. (2011). Chemistry. High-throughput discovery of new chemical reactions. Science 333, 1387–1388.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collier, P., and Alles, C. M. (2010). Materials science. Materials ecology: an industrial perspective. Science 330, 919–920.
A journal article with 3 authors
van Dokkum, P. G., Kriek, M., and Franx, M. (2009). A high stellar velocity dispersion for a compact massive galaxy at redshift z = 2.186. Nature 460, 717–719.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Conrad, K. L., Tseng, K. Y., Uejima, J. L., Reimers, J. M., Heng, L.-J., Shaham, Y., et al. (2008). Formation of accumbens GluR2-lacking AMPA receptors mediates incubation of cocaine craving. Nature 454, 118–121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Almeida, J. P. M., and Maunder, E. A. W. (2017). Equilibrium Finite Element Formulations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Daniels, J. C. ed. (2015). Butterfly Conservation in North America: Efforts to help save our charismatic microfauna. 1st ed. 2015. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Desai, S., and Harrison, B. (2010). “Direct-Writing of Biomedia for Drug Delivery and Tissue Regeneration,” in Printed Biomaterials: Novel Processing and Modeling Techniques for Medicine and Surgery Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering., eds. R. Narayan, T. Boland, and Y.-S. Lee (New York, NY: Springer), 71–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). Dramatic Increase In Earth’s Oxidation Levels 2.33 Billion Years Ago. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Public-Private Competitions: Access to Records Is Inhibiting Work on Congressional Mandates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Learn, D. T. (2012). Differentiating instruction on the basis of cognitive tools: A case study of honors and mainstream middle school classes.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017). Organizer Of Festival Is Released On Bail. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montgomery, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Collier and Alles, 2010; Montgomery, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collier and Alles, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Conrad et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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