How to format your references using the Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, A. (2014). Cell biology: Potency unchained. Nature 505, 622–623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arokiaraj, M. C., and Palacios, I. F. (2014). Finite element modeling of a novel self-expanding endovascular stent method in treatment of aortic aneurysms. Sci. Rep. 4, 3630.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bylander, J., Duty, T., and Delsing, P. (2005). Current measurement by real-time counting of single electrons. Nature 434, 361–364.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Diplas, P., Dancey, C. L., Celik, A. O., Valyrakis, M., Greer, K., and Akar, T. (2008). The role of impulse on the initiation of particle movement under turbulent flow conditions. Science 322, 717–720.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malhotra, G. (2010). Chemical Process Simplification. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yin, Z., Pan, L., and Fang, X. eds. (2013). Proceedings of The Eighth International Conference on Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications (BIC-TA), 2013. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Inselberg, A. (2014). “A Visual Excursion into Parallel Coordinates (Extended Abstract),” in Man-Machine Interactions 3 Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing., eds. D. A. Gruca, T. Czachórski, and S. Kozielski (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). What Happens When You Cover Your Body In Mentos And Jump In A Bathtub Full Of Coke Zero? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Pipeline Safety: Preliminary Information on the Office of Pipeline Safety’s Efforts to Strengthen Its Enforcement Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fuentez, O. L. (2010). Proposition 21: Juveniles tried as adults.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2015). Turning Nature Against Cancer. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Arokiaraj and Palacios, 2014; Smith, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arokiaraj and Palacios, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Diplas et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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