How to format your references using the Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grady, E. F. (2007). Cell signaling. Beta-arrestin, a two-fisted terminator. Science 315, 605–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sato, M., and Toda, T. (2007). Alp7/TACC is a crucial target in Ran-GTPase-dependent spindle formation in fission yeast. Nature 447, 334–337.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eagleman, D. M., Jacobson, J. E., and Sejnowski, T. J. (2004). Perceived luminance depends on temporal context. Nature 428, 854–856.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, W., Guo, S., Lee, I., Ahmed, K., Zhong, J., Favors, Z., et al. (2014). Hydrous ruthenium oxide nanoparticles anchored to graphene and carbon nanotube hybrid foam for supercapacitors. Sci. Rep. 4, 4452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reid, R., Fraser-King, G., and Schwaderer, W. D. (2006). Data Lifecycles. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tatsien, L. (2009). Global Propagation of Regular Nonlinear Hyperbolic Waves. 1st ed. , ed. W. Libin Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Mutke, J., Sommer, J. H., Kreft, H., Kier, G., and Barthlott, W. (2011). “Vascular Plant Diversity in a Changing World: Global Centres and Biome-Specific Patterns,” in Biodiversity Hotspots: Distribution and Protection of Conservation Priority Areas, eds. F. E. Zachos and J. C. Habel (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 83–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). Sea Level Rise Could “Save” Reefs From Global Warming. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Is Assessing Data on Worldwide Launch Market to Inform New Acquisition Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curti, C. L. (2017). Talking About Science Interests: The Importance of Feedback Appraisals When Students Talk About Their Interests in STEM.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017). Activist Fund Cashes Out Of Stake in Whole Foods. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grady, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Grady, 2007; Sato and Toda, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sato and Toda, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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