How to format your references using the Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stein, L. Y. (2015). Microbiology: Cyanate fuels the nitrogen cycle. Nature 524, 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
McMichael, R. D., and Stiles, M. D. (2008). Physics. A new spin on the Doppler effect. Science 322, 386–387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Belonoshko, A. B., Ahuja, R., and Johansson, B. (2003). Stability of the body-centred-cubic phase of iron in the Earth’s inner core. Nature 424, 1032–1034.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lehmann, W., Skupin, H., Tolksdorf, C., Gebhard, E., Zentel, R., Krüger, P., et al. (2001). Giant lateral electrostriction in ferroelectric liquid-crystalline elastomers. Nature 410, 447–450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinlan, J., and VanderBrug, J. (2016). Gender Lens Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Seffah, A., and Metzker, E. eds. (2009). Adoption-centric Usability Engineering: Systematic Deployment, Assessment and Improvement of Usability Methods in Software Engineering. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boer, H. (2016). “Advanced Manufacturing Technologies and Strategically Flexible Production. A Review and Outlook,” in A Journey through Manufacturing and Supply Chain Strategy Research: A Tribute to Professor Gianluca Spina, eds. E. Bartezzaghi, R. Cagliano, F. Caniato, and S. Ronchi (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 71–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Sequencing Your Genome Is Becoming An Affordable Reality – But At What Personal Cost? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Air Force Contracting: Contracting for Maintenance of Training Aircraft at Columbus Air Force Base. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills, A. D. (2016). Strategic school solutions: A capacity building framework for leaders accelerating 21st century teaching and learning.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016). When Fake News was Funny. New York Times, BR41.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (McMichael and Stiles, 2008; Stein, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McMichael and Stiles, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lehmann et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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