How to format your references using the Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deschamps, J. (2004). Developmental biology. Hox genes in the limb: a play in two acts. Science 304, 1610–1611.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dasgupta, R., and Hirschmann, M. M. (2006). Melting in the Earth’s deep upper mantle caused by carbon dioxide. Nature 440, 659–662.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saikia, A., Frost, D. J., and Rubie, D. C. (2008). Splitting of the 520-kilometer seismic discontinuity and chemical heterogeneity in the mantle. Science 319, 1515–1518.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huangfu, D., Liu, A., Rakeman, A. S., Murcia, N. S., Niswander, L., and Anderson, K. V. (2003). Hedgehog signalling in the mouse requires intraflagellar transport proteins. Nature 426, 83–87.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonnet, P. (2013). Enterprise Data Governance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Koch, R., and Huang, F. eds. (2011). Computer Vision – ACCV 2010 Workshops: ACCV 2010 International Workshops, Queenstown, New Zealand, November 8-9, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dunn, A. V., and Nyalakonda, K. (2013). “Diabetes Mellitus Prevention and Treatment,” in Handbook of Clinical Nutrition and Stroke, eds. M. L. Corrigan, A. A. Escuro, and D. F. Kirby (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press), 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). Hypersonic Test Flight Brings High-Speed Travel Dream Closer To Reality. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Higher Education: Challenges in Attracting International Students to the United States and Implications for Global Competitiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vento-Wilson, M. (2012). The role of the speech-language pathologist and augmentative and alternative communication with acute care patients with severe communication impairments.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N. (2016). Russia’s Government Does Little as H.I.V. Cases Surpass a Million. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deschamps, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Deschamps, 2004; Dasgupta and Hirschmann, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dasgupta and Hirschmann, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Huangfu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Crop Science and Horticulture
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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