How to format your references using the Micro and Nano Systems Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Micro and Nano Systems Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rogers KC (2002) Nuclear research. The past and future of University research reactors. Science 295:2217–2218
A journal article with 2 authors
Ringler P, Schulz GE (2003) Self-assembly of proteins into designed networks. Science 302:106–109
A journal article with 3 authors
Downs JA, Lowndes NF, Jackson SP (2000) A role for Saccharomyces cerevisiae histone H2A in DNA repair. Nature 408:1001–1004
A journal article with 5 or more authors
López-Aranda MF, López-Téllez JF, Navarro-Lobato I, et al (2009) Role of layer 6 of V2 visual cortex in object-recognition memory. Science 325:87–89

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jank W, Shmueli G (2010) Modeling Online Auctions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Yu T, Davis L, Baydar C, Roy R (2008) Evolutionary Computation in Practice. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Amann S, Beyer S, Kevic K, Gall H (2015) Software Mining Studies: Goals, Approaches, Artifacts, and Replicability. In: Meyer B, Nordio M (eds) Software Engineering: International Summer Schools, LASER 2013-2014, Elba, Italy, Revised Tutorial Lectures. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 121–158

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Micro and Nano Systems Letters.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Six Awesome Facts We Learned About Pluto This Week. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Student Loans: Default Rates at Historically Black Colleges and Universities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neilson DH (2009) Structured interactions and collective outcomes essays on production and finance. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schweber N, Barron J (2016) Lining Up for the Final Drops of New Jersey’s Cheaper Gas. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicro and Nano Systems Letters
AbbreviationMicro Nano Syst. Lett.
ISSN (online)2213-9621

Other styles