How to format your references using the Micro and Nano Systems Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Micro and Nano Systems Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Owens B (2013) Obesity: heavy sleepers. Nature 497:S8-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Deming D, Seager S (2009) Light and shadow from distant worlds. Nature 462:301–306
A journal article with 3 authors
Guilbaud R, Butler IB, Ellam RM (2011) Abiotic pyrite formation produces a large Fe isotope fractionation. Science 332:1548–1551
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Siddall M, Rohling EJ, Almogi-Labin A, et al (2003) Sea-level fluctuations during the last glacial cycle. Nature 423:853–858

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva LS, Simões R, Gervásio H (2014) Design of Steel Structures. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Minin IV (2008) Basic Principles of Fresnel Antenna Arrays. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kuś Z, Nawrat A (2013) Object Tracking for Rapid Camera Movements in 3D Space. In: Nawrat A, Kuś Z (eds) Vision Based Systemsfor UAV Applications. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, pp 57–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Micro and Nano Systems Letters.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Musician Composes Pi Song On Piano. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) DOD Aviator Positions: Training Requirements and Incentive Pay Could Be Reduced. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia RI (2009) Variable selection for models with missing data. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2016) Unshaken by Her Low Ranking, Wozniacki Easily Defeats Keys. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMicro and Nano Systems Letters
AbbreviationMicro Nano Syst. Lett.
ISSN (online)2213-9621

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