How to format your references using the Mathematics in Computer Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics in Computer Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bascompte, J.: Ecology. Structure and dynamics of ecological networks. Science. 329, 765–766 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmerr, N., Garnero, E.J.: Upper mantle discontinuity topography from thermal and chemical heterogeneity. Science. 318, 623–626 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, J., Zhang, C., Qiao, H.: The significance of p40 expression in sclerosing hemangioma of lung. Sci. Rep. 4, 6102 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ferrari, B., Winsley, T., Ji, M., Neilan, B.: Insights into the distribution and abundance of the ubiquitous candidatus Saccharibacteria phylum following tag pyrosequencing. Sci. Rep. 4, 3957 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilisoly, R.: Practical Text Mining with Perl. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2008)
An edited book
Asch, J., Joye, A. eds: Mathematical Physics of Quantum Mechanics: Selected and Refereed Lectures from QMath9. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, S.H., Mun, Y., Choi, H.I.: Improved Curvature Scale Space Based on Image Retrieval Using Dynamic Time Warping. In: Gervasi, O., Murgante, B., Laganà, A., Taniar, D., Mun, Y., and Gavrilova, M.L. (eds.) Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2008: International Conference, Perugia, Italy, June 30– July 3, 2008, Proceedings, Part II. pp. 32–42. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics in Computer Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: Air Pollution Expert: Why Christmas May Be The Most Toxic Day Of The Year,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Responses to Questions for the Record; Hearing on the Future of Air Traffic Control Modernization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2007)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ouyang, A.: Embryonic Stem Cell Culture in Fibrous Bed Bioreactor, (2006)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M.: Wrist Management, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics in Computer Science
AbbreviationMath. Comput. Sci.
ISSN (print)1661-8270
ISSN (online)1661-8289
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

Other styles