How to format your references using the Mathematics in Computer Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics in Computer Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pirrotta, V.: Transcription. Puffing with PARP. Science. 299, 528–529 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Stahley, M.R., Strobel, S.A.: Structural evidence for a two-metal-ion mechanism of group I intron splicing. Science. 309, 1587–1590 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Duderstadt, K.E., Chuang, K., Berger, J.M.: DNA stretching by bacterial initiators promotes replication origin opening. Nature. 478, 209–213 (2011)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yokoyama, T., Yokoyama, S., Kamikado, T., Okuno, Y., Mashiko, S.: Selective assembly on a surface of supramolecular aggregates with controlled size and shape. Nature. 413, 619–621 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keegan, K.D.: Biotechnology Valuation. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK (2008)
An edited book
Wang, L. ed: Support Vector Machines: Theory and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Fierens, D., Ramon, J., Bruynooghe, M., Blockeel, H.: Learning Directed Probabilistic Logical Models Using Ordering-Search. In: Blockeel, H., Ramon, J., Shavlik, J., and Tadepalli, P. (eds.) Inductive Logic Programming: 17th International Conference, ILP 2007, Corvallis, OR, USA, June 19-21, 2007, Revised Selected Papers. pp. 24–24. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics in Computer Science.

Blog post
Taub, B.: Spanish Town Bathed In Mysterious “Blood Rain,”


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Training Necessary to Address Data Reliability Issues in NASA Agreement Database and to Minimize Potential Competition with Commercial Sector. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2011)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LaVertu, D.J.: An Exploratory Approach to In-Trinity® for Fall Prevention, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J.: The Sport of Struggle, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics in Computer Science
AbbreviationMath. Comput. Sci.
ISSN (print)1661-8270
ISSN (online)1661-8289
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

Other styles