How to format your references using the Evidence-Based Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evidence-Based Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pockley P. Australian jailed for removal of fossilized footprints. Nature 2000; 404: 4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh I, Rose N. Biomarkers in psychiatry. Nature 2009; 460: 202–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou Z, Barrett PM, Hilton J. An exceptionally preserved Lower Cretaceous ecosystem. Nature 2003; 421: 807–814.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nogués-Bravo D, Araújo MB, Romdal T, Rahbek C. Scale effects and human impact on the elevational species richness gradients. Nature 2008; 453: 216–219.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tao F, Zhang L, Hu Y. Resource Service Management in Manufacturing Grid System. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Lee JA, Verleysen M (eds.). Nonlinear Dimensionality Reduction. Springer: New York, NY, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Farrelly C, Lovejoy V. A Whole-School Approach to Adolescent Wellbeing in Open-Plan Schools. In: Prain V, Cox P, Deed C et al. (eds). Personalising Learning in Open-Plan Schools. SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2015, pp 57–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evidence-Based Dentistry.

Blog post
Andrews R. What The Heck Is This Weird Purple Blob Found Off The Coast Of California? IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Briefing on Air Force’s Response on Fee-For-Service Aerial Refueling. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddox CE. Postcolonial play: Encounters with sport and physical culture in contemporary India. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. Spokesman Spins for Audience of One. New York Times. 2017; : A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEvidence-Based Dentistry
AbbreviationEvid. Based. Dent.
ISSN (print)1462-0049
ISSN (online)1476-5446
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles