How to format your references using the Evidence-Based Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evidence-Based Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel G. Gravity experiment sparks spat between physicists. Nature 2003; 421: 198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boots M, Mealor M. Local interactions select for lower pathogen infectivity. Science 2007; 315: 1284–1286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hess KL, Corda CJ, Lanese KM. SPORE series winner. Science Buddies: advancing informal science education. Science 2011; 332: 550–551.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Donaldson GP, Ladinsky MS, Yu KB et al. Gut microbiota utilize immunoglobulin A for mucosal colonization. Science 2018; 360: 795–800.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nova R. Soil Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Colombo L, Giordano S (eds.). Introduzione alla Teoria della elasticità: Meccanica dei solidi continui in regime lineare elastico. Springer: Milano, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Henson MC. Applications and Methodology of νZ. In: Boca P, Bowen JP, Siddiqi J (eds). Formal Methods: State of the Art and New Directions. Springer: London, 2010, pp 117–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evidence-Based Dentistry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. SpaceX Plans To Send Two People On A Mission To The Moon In 2018. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Improvement Program: Program Funding by State Relative to Enplanements for Selected Years. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunhan-Senol NE. ‘I’m Turkish, I’m Honest...’ I’m Autistic: Perceptions Regarding the Label of Autism. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Deal Is Said to Be Close in Detroit’s Bankruptcy. New York Times. 2014; : A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEvidence-Based Dentistry
AbbreviationEvid. Based. Dent.
ISSN (print)1462-0049
ISSN (online)1476-5446
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles