How to format your references using the Metrologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metrologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klug A 2001 Structural biology. A marvellous machine for making messages Science 292 1844–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Reik W and Kelsey G 2014 Epigenetics: Cellular memory erased in human embryos Nature 511 540–1
A journal article with 3 authors
Gürerk O, Irlenbusch B and Rockenbach B 2006 The competitive advantage of sanctioning institutions Science 312 108–11
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Iwata N, Sekiguchi M, Hattori Y, Takahashi A, Asai M, Ji B, Higuchi M, Staufenbiel M, Muramatsu S-I and Saido T C 2013 Global brain delivery of neprilysin gene by intravascular administration of AAV vector in mice Sci. Rep. 3 1472

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles R 2012 200 Contractual Problems and their Solutions (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell)
An edited book
Mavroudis C and Backer C L 2015 Atlas of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery (London: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Olmo G J 2016 Nonsingular Black Holes in Palatini Extensions of General Relativity Theoretical Frontiers in Black Holes and Cosmology: Theoretical Perspective in High Energy Physics Springer Proceedings in Physics ed R Kallosh and E Orazi (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 183–219

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metrologia.

Blog post
Luntz S 2015 Liquid Water May Once Have Flowed On Vesta IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2013 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Standards Needed to Improve Identification of Racial and Ethnic Overrepresentation in Special Education (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Do N H 2012 An examination of support systems to enable Vietnamese immigrants to acquire English skills Doctoral dissertation (Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D A 2006 Buy an ID Card and Forget About the Line New York Times 56

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetrologia
ISSN (print)0026-1394
ISSN (online)1681-7575
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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