How to format your references using the Metrologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metrologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dobson J E 2009 Big Brother has evolved Nature 458 968
A journal article with 2 authors
Sonenberg N and Filipowicz W 2012 Retrospective. Aaron Shatkin (1934-2012) Science 337 309
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacciuto A, Auer S and Frenkel D 2004 Onset of heterogeneous crystal nucleation in colloidal suspensions Nature 428 404–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
del Pozo M A, Alderson N B, Kiosses W B, Chiang H-H, Anderson R G W and Schwartz M A 2004 Integrins regulate Rac targeting by internalization of membrane domains Science 303 839–42

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Linder B 2004 Thermodynamics and Introductory Statistical Mechanics (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Quirk T J 2014 Excel 2010 for Human Resource Management Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems ed J Palmer-Schuyler (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Geraty L T 2015 Exodus Dates and Theories Israel’s Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective: Text, Archaeology, Culture, and Geoscience Quantitative Methods in the Humanities and Social Sciences ed T E Levy, T Schneider and W H C Propp (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 55–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metrologia.

Blog post
Andrews R 2016 Experimental Immunotherapy Treatment For Brain Cancer Hailed A Success IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1981 Operation of the Copyright Royalty Tribunal (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell B D 2009 An ethnographic case study of teachers who are alumni of the private day school for boys in which they teach Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M 2017 The Met Stars in Its West Side Story New York Times AR10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetrologia
ISSN (print)0026-1394
ISSN (online)1681-7575
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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