How to format your references using the Metrologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metrologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carroll S B 2011 Evolution. How great wings can look alike Science 333 1100–1
A journal article with 2 authors
Kundu P and Pettersson S 2014 Immunology: Mammalian watchdog targets bacteria Nature 512 377–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Kryazhimskiy S, Draghi J A and Plotkin J B 2011 Evolution. In evolution, the sum is less than its parts Science 332 1160–1
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Bortnik J, Li W, Thorne R M, Angelopoulos V, Cully C, Bonnell J, Le Contel O and Roux A 2009 An observation linking the origin of plasmaspheric hiss to discrete chorus emissions Science 324 775–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daries H 2012 Nutrition for Sport and Exercise (West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.,)
An edited book
Capogna L 2014 Fully Nonlinear PDEs in Real and Complex Geometry and Optics: Cetraro, Italy 2012, Editors: Cristian E. Gutiérrez, Ermanno Lanconelli vol 2087, ed P Guan, C E Gutiérrez and A Montanari (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Bajd T, Mihelj M, Lenarčič J, Stanovnik A and Munih M 2010 Robot sensors Robotics ed M Mihelj, J Lenarcic, A Stanovnik and M Munih (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 49–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metrologia.

Blog post
Evans K 2016 Ground Squirrels Use The Sun To Hide Their Food Stash IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2000 Federal Rulemaking: Agencies’ Use of Information Technology to Facilitate Public Participation (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzales M 2017 Examining institutional career preparation: Student perceptions of their workplace readiness and the role of the university in student career development Doctoral dissertation (Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K 2009 Fire Up the Grill New York Times NJ8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetrologia
ISSN (print)0026-1394
ISSN (online)1681-7575
ScopeGeneral Engineering

Other styles