How to format your references using the Metrologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metrologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman W E 2008 Hydatellaceae are water lilies with gymnospermous tendencies Nature 453 94–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhoj V G and Chen Z J 2009 Ubiquitylation in innate and adaptive immunity Nature 458 430–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Storey M, Duncan R A and Swisher C C 3rd 2007 Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum and the opening of the Northeast Atlantic Science 316 587–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Statnikov A, Alekseyenko A V, Li Z, Henaff M, Perez-Perez G I, Blaser M J and Aliferis C F 2013 Microbiomic signatures of psoriasis: feasibility and methodology comparison Sci. Rep. 3 2620

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murti Y and Vijayan C 2014 Essentials of Nonlinear Optics (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Mulero Á 2008 Theory and Simulation of Hard-Sphere Fluids and Related Systems vol 753 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Sammet K and Bergelt D 2012 The Modernisation of Gender Relations and Religion: Comparative Analysis of Secularization Processes Transformations of Religiosity: Religion and Religiosity in Eastern Europe 1989 – 2010 ed G Pickel and K Sammet (Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften) pp 51–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metrologia.

Blog post
Taub B 2016 The Ability To Regenerate Lost Limbs May Have Only Evolved Once IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1976 Assessment of the Impact Aid Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldberg D S 2010 Poly (amido amine) dendrimers: Transepithelial transport mechanisms and applications in oral drug delivery Doctoral dissertation (College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M W 2012 Looking for Cash, Congress Finds Some in a Corporate Pension Rule Tweak New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetrologia
ISSN (print)0026-1394
ISSN (online)1681-7575
ScopeGeneral Engineering

Other styles