How to format your references using the Metrologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metrologia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson V C 2006 Chemistry. Shuttling polyolefins to a new materials dimension Science 312 703–4
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts L and Travis J 2012 Mysteries of the brain Science 338 30
A journal article with 3 authors
Forde S E, Thompson J N and Bohannan B J M 2004 Adaptation varies through space and time in a coevolving host-parasitoid interaction Nature 431 841–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Wang S, Tu J, Jia Z and Lu Z 2014 High order intra-strand partial symmetry increases with organismal complexity in animal evolution Sci. Rep. 4 6400

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon L and Ospina J 2015 Closed-Form Solutions for Drug Transport through Controlled-Release Devices in Two and Three Dimensions (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc)
An edited book
Wu J S 2012 Bone Tumors: A Practical Guide to Imaging ed M G Hochman (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Agostini P, Suter G W, Gottardo S and Giubilato E 2009 Indicators and Endpoints for Risk-Based Decision Processes with Decision Support Systems Decision Support Systems for Risk-Based Management of Contaminated Sites ed A Marcomini, G W Suter II and A Critto (Boston, MA: Springer US) pp 1–18

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metrologia.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2017 New Hypothesis Shows How Supermassive Black Holes Formed IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1994 Federal Judicial Space Follow-up (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manso P H 2017 Teacher Evaluation: A Qualitative Study on Growth-Producing Practices in K-8 Schools Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J 2017 Where’s the Art? at a Hamptons Center, Look Behind the Wall New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetrologia
ISSN (print)0026-1394
ISSN (online)1681-7575
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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