How to format your references using the Breast Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Breast Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Gewin V. Taking a risk in start-ups. Nature. 2004 May;429(6990):484–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Fisher HS, Hoekstra HE. Competition drives cooperation among closely related sperm of deer mice. Nature. 2010 Feb;463(7282):801–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Fasel R, Parschau M, Ernst K-H. Amplification of chirality in two-dimensional enantiomorphous lattices. Nature. 2006 Jan;439(7075):449–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Aldeco-Perez E, Rosenthal AJ, Donnadieu B, Parameswaran P, Frenking G, Bertrand G. Isolation of a C5-deprotonated imidazolium, a crystalline “abnormal” N-heterocyclic carbene. Science. 2009 Oct;326(5952):556–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Tavakoli JM. Structured Finance and Collateralized Debt Obligations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1
Riis Nielson H, Gollmann D, editors. Secure IT Systems: 18th Nordic Conference, NordSec 2013, Ilulissat, Greenland, October 18-21, 2013, Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Chang C-Y, Yeh T-K. From Gene to Education – the Ecng Research Framework. In: Kim M, Diong CH, editors. Biology Education for Social and Sustainable Development. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012; pp 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Breast Care.

Blog post
1
Davis J. Conservation Tags To Track Animals Are Being Hijacked By Poachers [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017 Mar [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/conservation-tags-to-track-animals-are-being-hijacked-by-poachers/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. National Aero-Space Plane: A Need for Program Direction and Funding Decisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Gaines M. Perceptions of knowledge sharing within hybrid learning environments: As iron sharpens iron among graduate students. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Bilton N. All Is Fair in Love and Twitter. New York Times. 2013 Oct;MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBreast Care
AbbreviationBreast Care (Basel)
ISSN (print)1661-3791
ISSN (online)1661-3805
ScopeOncology
Surgery

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