How to format your references using the Methods in Oceanography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Methods in Oceanography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson, P.W., 2005. Thinking big. Nature 437, 625.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kawasaki, H., Taira, K., 2004. Induction of DNA methylation and gene silencing by short interfering RNAs in human cells. Nature 431, 211–217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akil, H., Martone, M.E., Van Essen, D.C., 2011. Challenges and opportunities in mining neuroscience data. Science 331, 708–712.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gao, S., Chen, D., Li, Q., Ye, J., Jiang, H., Amatore, C., Wang, X., 2014. Near-infrared fluorescence imaging of cancer cells and tumors through specific biosynthesis of silver nanoclusters. Sci. Rep. 4, 4384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, D., Fatu, A., Souchet, D., 2014. Hydrodynamic Bearings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Poveda, R.L., 2016. Carbon Nanofiber Reinforced Polymer Composites, 1st ed. 2016. ed, SpringerBriefs in Materials. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
McParland, C.E., Paszkowski, C.A., 2006. Effects of small-bodied fish on invertebrate prey and foraging patterns of waterbirds in Aspen Parkland wetlands, in: Hanson, A.R., Kerekes, J.J. (Eds.), Limnology and Aquatic Birds: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference Working Group on Aquatic Birds of Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada, August 3–7, 2003. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Methods in Oceanography.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Genetic Study Shows How Honey Bees Evolved In Response To Deadly Parasite [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/genetic-study-shows-how-honey-bees-evolved-response-deadly-parasite/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Department of Transportation: Credit Assistance for Surface Transportation Projects (No. OGC-99-50). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blumenthal, P.M., 2014. Local Land Use Regulatory Regimes and Residential Development Outcomes: An Analysis of Subdivision Review in Four Counties in the DC Region (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Is It Time for a New Prince Moment? New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anderson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson, 2005; Kawasaki and Taira, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kawasaki and Taira, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMethods in Oceanography
AbbreviationMeth. Oceanogr.
ISSN (print)2211-1220
ScopeAquatic Science
Oceanography
Ocean Engineering

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