How to format your references using the European Food Research and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Food Research and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ohnaka M (2004) Geophysics. Rupture in the laboratory. Science 303:1788–1789
A journal article with 2 authors
Benefit BR, McCrossin ML (2015) EVOLUTION. A window into ape evolution. Science 350:515–516
A journal article with 3 authors
Freimund DL, Aflatooni K, Batelaan H (2001) Observation of the Kapitza-Dirac effect. Nature 413:142–143
A journal article with 5 or more authors
He L, Lu X-Y, Jolly AF, et al (2003) Spongiform degeneration in mahoganoid mutant mice. Science 299:710–712

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton I (2010) Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2010. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Karacapilidis N (2014) Mastering Data-Intensive Collaboration and Decision Making: Research and practical applications in the Dicode project. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Chernoy V, Shalom M, Zaks S (2008) A Self-stabilizing Algorithm with Tight Bounds for Mutual Exclusion on a Ring. In: Taubenfeld G (ed) Distributed Computing: 22nd International Symposium, DISC 2008, Arcachon, France, September 22-24, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 63–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Food Research and Technology.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) How Technology Could Help Predict Terrorist Attacks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Information Technology: Executive office for U.S. Attorneys Needs to Institutionalize Key IT Management Disciplines. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tegtmeier T (2009) Science-related attitudes of urban middle school students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) U.S. and Algeria: Two Outsiders, but No Room for Both. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Food Research and Technology
AbbreviationEur. Food Res. Technol.
ISSN (print)1438-2377
ISSN (online)1438-2385
ScopeFood Science
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles