How to format your references using the European Food Research and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Food Research and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triplett B (2000) Astronomers fume over night light. Nature 405:987–988
A journal article with 2 authors
Rolston SL, Phillips WD (2002) Nonlinear and quantum atom optics. Nature 416:219–224
A journal article with 3 authors
Carlson ME, Hsu M, Conboy IM (2008) Imbalance between pSmad3 and Notch induces CDK inhibitors in old muscle stem cells. Nature 454:528–532
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Adelman ZN, Albritton LM, Boris-Lawrie K, et al (2018) Protect NIH’s DNA advisory committee. Science 362:409–410

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spector P (2016) Understanding Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Charlier B, Namur O, Latypov R, Tegner C (2015) Layered Intrusions. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Harrie RP, Kendall CJ (2014) Case Study 5 Choroidal Melanoma. In: Kendall CJ (ed) Clinical Ophthalmic Echography: A Case Study Approach. Springer, New York, NY, pp 11–11

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Food Research and Technology.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) New Technology Reveals Art And Graffiti In Ancient Catacomb Beneath Rome. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Digital Television Transition: GAO DTV Broadcaster Survey (GAO-08-528SP, April 2008), an E-supplement to GAO-08-510. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cervantes I (2013) Flexural retrofitting of reinforced concrete structures using Green Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer plates. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dudziak ML (2012) This War Is Not Over Yet. New York Times A31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Food Research and Technology
AbbreviationEur. Food Res. Technol.
ISSN (print)1438-2377
ISSN (online)1438-2385
ScopeFood Science
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles