How to format your references using the Metabolomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. (2002). Call for clinical-trial reform leaves critics unmoved. Nature, 419(6907), 546.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hamilton, D. P., & Krüger, H. (2008). The sculpting of Jupiter’s gossamer rings by its shadow. Nature, 453(7191), 72–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Y., Yi, M., & Zou, X. (2014). The linear interplay of intrinsic and extrinsic noises ensures a high accuracy of cell fate selection in budding yeast. Scientific reports, 4, 5764.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lohse, D., Rauhé, R., Bergmann, R., & van der Meer, D. (2004). Granular physics: creating a dry variety of quicksand. Nature, 432(7018), 689–690.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmons, M., & Dalgleish, E. (2006). Corporate Actions. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Shanley, T. P., Wong, H. R., & Wheeler, D. S. (Eds.). (2009). Cardiovascular Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sangeetha, D., Vijayakumar, V., Thirunavukkarasu, V., & Ramesh, A. (2014). Enhanced Security of PHR System in Cloud Using Prioritized Level Based Encryption. In G. Martínez Pérez, S. M. Thampi, R. Ko, & L. Shu (Eds.), Recent Trends in Computer Networks and Distributed Systems Security: Second International Conference, SNDS 2014, Trivandrum, India, March 13-14, 2014, Proceedings (pp. 57–69). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolomics.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 31). Patients Diagnosed With Drug-Resistant Malaria In The UK For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Transportation Security Administration’s Processes for Designating and Releasing Sensitive Security Information (No. GAO-08-232R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parkinson, M. M. (2011). Adult readers’ calibration of word learning (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, March 14). Trump’s Often Misleading Critiques of the Affordable Care Act. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hamilton and Krüger 2008; Powell 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hamilton and Krüger 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lohse et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolomics
ISSN (print)1573-3882
ISSN (online)1573-3890
Clinical Biochemistry
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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