How to format your references using the Metabolomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stokstad, E. (2000). SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY: Homegrown Quartz Muddies the Water. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5484), 1449–1451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berkman, M. B., & Plutzer, E. (2011). Science education. Defeating creationism in the courtroom, but not in the classroom. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6016), 404–405.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen, S., Zhou, Z., & Greenberg, M. E. (2008). Medicine. Activating a repressor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5880), 1172–1173.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dominici, N., Ivanenko, Y. P., Cappellini, G., d’Avella, A., Mondì, V., Cicchese, M., et al. (2011). Locomotor primitives in newborn babies and their development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6058), 997–999.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher, H. G., Forrest, H. S., Grossel, S. S., Huff, J. E., Muller, A. R., Noronha, J. A., et al. (1993). Emergency Relief System Design Using DIERS Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Caveen, A. (2015). The Controversy over Marine Protected Areas: Science meets Policy. (N. Polunin, T. Gray, & S. M. Stead, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Qiang, Y., Zhao, J.-J., & Chen, J.-J. (2010). Comparative Study of Workload Control Methods for Autonomic Database System. In Q. Luo (Ed.), Advances in Wireless Networks and Information Systems (pp. 35–42). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 10). Could This Biochemist’s Veggie Burger Be The Closest Thing To Real Meat? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Los Angeles Metro Rail System (No. OSI-94-6R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magner, K. A. (2010). Evaluation of admissions criteria and practices with regards to successful online learning styles and characteristics (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, January 5). Football Culture Keeps Some In the Dark. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Berkman and Plutzer 2011; Stokstad 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berkman and Plutzer 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Dominici et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolomics
ISSN (print)1573-3882
ISSN (online)1573-3890
Clinical Biochemistry
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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