How to format your references using the Metabolomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
El-Awady, N. (2009). Science journalism: The Arab boom. Nature, 459(7250), 1057.
A journal article with 2 authors
Verdun, R. E., & Karlseder, J. (2007). Replication and protection of telomeres. Nature, 447(7147), 924–931.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tenenbaum, J. B., de Silva, V., & Langford, J. C. (2000). A global geometric framework for nonlinear dimensionality reduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5500), 2319–2323.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stocker, H., Andjelkovic, M., Oldham, S., Laffargue, M., Wymann, M. P., Hemmings, B. A., & Hafen, E. (2002). Living with lethal PIP3 levels: viability of flies lacking PTEN restored by a PH domain mutation in Akt/PKB. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5562), 2088–2091.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilhus, N. E., Barnes, M. P., & Brainin, M. (2010). European Handbook of Neurological Management. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Verhoeckx, K., Cotter, P., López-Expósito, I., Kleiveland, C., Lea, T., Mackie, A., et al. (Eds.). (2015). The Impact of Food Bioactives on Health: in vitro and ex vivo models. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Albert, J., & Tischler, G. (2011). Ancient Typefaces and Parametric Weighted Finite Automata. In C. S. Calude, G. Rozenberg, & A. Salomaa (Eds.), Rainbow of Computer Science: Dedicated to Hermann Maurer on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday (pp. 49–62). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolomics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 1). Early Diverging Group of Humans Survived Until 2,300 Years Ago. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Social Security Numbers: More Could be Done to Protect SSNs (No. GAO-06-586T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arntson, J. D. (2015). Heidegger and disclosive rhetoric: Two divergent paths in immanence and transcendence (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mozur, P., & Markoff, J. (2017, May 27). Is China Outsmarting America in Artificial Intelligence? New York Times, p. BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (El-Awady 2009).
This sentence cites two references (El-Awady 2009; Verdun and Karlseder 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Verdun and Karlseder 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Stocker et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolomics
ISSN (print)1573-3882
ISSN (online)1573-3890
Clinical Biochemistry
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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