How to format your references using the Metabolomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kawakatsu, H. (2012). Geophysics. At the bottom of the oceanic plate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6075), 1448–1449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hyman, A. A., & Simons, K. (2012). Cell biology. Beyond oil and water--phase transitions in cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6098), 1047–1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Nions, K., Pitman, R., & Marsh, C. (2002). Science of nuclear warheads. Nature, 415(6874), 853–857.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hsu, G. W., Ober, M., Carell, T., & Beese, L. S. (2004). Error-prone replication of oxidatively damaged DNA by a high-fidelity DNA polymerase. Nature, 431(7005), 217–221.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ancheyta, J. (2016). Deactivation of Heavy Oil Hydroprocessing Catalysts. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Washio, T., Satoh, K., Takeda, H., & Inokuchi, A. (Eds.). (2007). New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI 2006 Conference and Workshops, Tokyo, Japan, June 5-9 2006, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 4384). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Calin, O., Chang, D.-C., & Tie, J. (2005). Hermite Operator on the Heisenberg Group. In I. Sabadini, D. C. Struppa, & D. F. Walnut (Eds.), Harmonic Analysis, Signal Processing, and Complexity: Festschrift in Honor of the 60th Birthday of Carlos A. Berenstein (pp. 37–54). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 24). Could We Spot Aliens From Their Pollution? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). National Weather Service: Modernization Activities Affecting Northwestern Pennsylvania (No. AIMD-97-156). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boos, A. L. (2015). The post-abortion experience: A content analysis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2005, February 10). Know When to Hold ’em, Know When to Fold ’em. New York Times, p. C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kawakatsu 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hyman and Simons 2012; Kawakatsu 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hyman and Simons 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hsu et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolomics
ISSN (print)1573-3882
ISSN (online)1573-3890
Clinical Biochemistry
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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