How to format your references using the Brain Structure and Function citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brain Structure and Function. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins F (2010) Has the revolution arrived? Nature 464:674–675
A journal article with 2 authors
Furukawa N, Mima J (2014) Multiple and distinct strategies of yeast SNAREs to confer the specificity of membrane fusion. Sci Rep 4:4277
A journal article with 3 authors
Tritsch NX, Ding JB, Sabatini BL (2012) Dopaminergic neurons inhibit striatal output through non-canonical release of GABA. Nature 490:262–266
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Barnosky AD, Koch PL, Feranec RS, et al (2004) Assessing the causes of late Pleistocene extinctions on the continents. Science 306:70–75

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen K-H (2016) Power Management Techniques for Integrated Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Plag H-P, Pearlman M (eds) (2009) Global Geodetic Observing System: Meeting the Requirements of a Global Society on a Changing Planet in 2020. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
DeGennaro D (2010) History, Culture, Emergence Informing Learning Designs. In: Roth W-M (ed) Re/Structuring Science Education: ReUniting Sociological and Psychological Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 59–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brain Structure and Function.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) One In Four Bee Species In The US At Risk Of Extinction. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/one-in-four-bee-species-in-the-us-at-risk-of-extinction/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Competitiveness: The Challenge of the Deficit. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mathes MD (2014) Exploring Factors That Enabled Financial Advisors and Their Firms to Improve Professional Performance After 2008. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) After Victory in Heptathlon, ‘Face of Olympics in Britain’ Has a Golden Glow. New York Times SP3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Collins 2010; Furukawa and Mima 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Furukawa and Mima 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Barnosky et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrain Structure and Function
AbbreviationBrain Struct. Funct.
ISSN (print)1863-2653
ISSN (online)1863-2661
ScopeAnatomy
Histology
General Neuroscience

Other styles