How to format your references using the Meta Gene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Meta Gene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingras, M.J.P., 2009. Physics. Observing monopoles in a magnetic analog of ice. Science 326, 375–376.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olson, M.V., Varki, A., 2004. Genomics. The chimpanzee genome--a bittersweet celebration. Science 305, 191–192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jensen, K., Call, J., Tomasello, M., 2007. Chimpanzees are rational maximizers in an ultimatum game. Science 318, 107–109.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Soden, B.J., Wetherald, R.T., Stenchikov, G.L., Robock, A., 2002. Global cooling after the eruption of Mount Pinatubo: a test of climate feedback by water vapor. Science 296, 727–730.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis, H., Lawson, A., 2013. Anatomy for Anaesthetists. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Daras, N.J. (Ed.), 2014. Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Science and Engineering, Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Restivo, S., 2007. Theory of Mind, Social Science, and Mathematical Practice, in: Kerkhove, B. van, Bendegem, J.P. van (Eds.), Perspectives On Mathematical Practices: Bringing Together Philosophy of Mathematics, Sociology of Mathematics, and Mathematics Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 61–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Meta Gene.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Go On A Spectacular Infrared Tour Of The Milky Way In This Video [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Information Technology: Update on VA Actions to Implement Critical Reforms (No. T-AIMD-00-74). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crosby, W.O., 2013. ATI v. Colorado: How the Commerce Clause Provides Guidance at the Confluence of Energy, Environmental, and Constitutional Law (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Peters, J.W., Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Returning to Role at Brash Website to Push Agenda. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gingras, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gingras, 2009; Olson and Varki, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olson and Varki, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Soden et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMeta Gene
AbbreviationMeta Gene
ISSN (print)2214-5400

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