How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Physiology B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Physiology B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hengartner MO (2001) Apoptosis. DNA destroyers. Nature 412:27, 29
A journal article with 2 authors
Feachem RGA, Medlin CA (2002) Health is wealth. Nature 417:695
A journal article with 3 authors
Walsh JP, Cohen WM, Arora A (2003) Science and the law. Working through the patent problem. Science 299:1021
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Richardson JD, Kasper JC, Wang C, et al (2008) Cool heliosheath plasma and deceleration of the upstream solar wind at the termination shock. Nature 454:63–66

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toy M (2012) Networks and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Tay LY, Lim CP (eds) (2013) Creating Holistic Technology-Enhanced Learning Experiences: Tales from a Future School in Singapore. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Kato K, Oto M, Imai H, Imai K (2009) Computational Geometry Analysis of Quantum State Space and Its Applications. In: Gavrilova ML (ed) Generalized Voronoi Diagram: A Geometry-Based Approach to Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 67–108

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Physiology B.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Missouri Bill Would Allow Students To “Opt-Out” of Learning Evolution. In: IFLScience.“opt-out”-learning-evolution/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) ADP System: Patent Office’s Contract Renegotiation Behind Schedule. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conway AH (2014) Signs and symptoms of moral injury in female vietnam veterans: A qualitative examination of the nvvrs. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) Reporter’s Notebook; Clinton’s 4-Day Holiday: Exhaustive Relaxation. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hengartner 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hengartner 2001; Feachem and Medlin 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feachem and Medlin 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Richardson et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Physiology B
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Physiol. B
ISSN (print)0174-1578
ISSN (online)1432-136X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles