How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Physiology B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Physiology B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nikas JB (2013) Inflammation and immune system activation in aging: a mathematical approach. Sci Rep 3:3254
A journal article with 2 authors
Benkovic SJ, Hammes-Schiffer S (2006) Biochemistry. Enzyme motions inside and out. Science 312:208–209
A journal article with 3 authors
Cai L, Friedman N, Xie XS (2006) Stochastic protein expression in individual cells at the single molecule level. Nature 440:358–362
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Donati J-F, Forveille T, Cameron AC, et al (2006) The large-scale axisymmetric magnetic topology of a very-low-mass fully convective star. Science 311:633–635

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacClancy J (2013) Anthropology in the Public Arena. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Chichester, UK
An edited book
Oestern H-J, Trentz O, Uranues S (eds) (2014) General Trauma Care and Related Aspects: Trauma Surgery II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Morales Chacón LM, Báez Martin MM (2015) Autism Spectrum Disorder. A Clinical Neurophysiology Approach I. In: Robinson-Agramonte M de LA (ed) Translational Approaches to Autism Spectrum Disorder. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 65–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Physiology B.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) GM Crops: An Uneasy Truce Hangs Over Europe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Telecommunications: Challenges to Assessing and Improving Telecommunications for Native Americans on Tribal Lands. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cornelius J (2017) Five Minute Meditation Used to Impact Workplace Meetings. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gluck JP (2016) Regretting My Animal Research. New York Times SR7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nikas 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Benkovic and Hammes-Schiffer 2006; Nikas 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benkovic and Hammes-Schiffer 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Donati et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Physiology B
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Physiol. B
ISSN (print)0174-1578
ISSN (online)1432-136X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles