How to format your references using the memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Poskett J. Mathematics: a life computed. Nature. 2012;486:321.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Briffa KR, Osborn TJ. Paleoclimate. Blowing hot and cold. Science. 2002;295:2227–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Aarts DGAL, Schmidt M, Lekkerkerker HNW. Direct visual observation of thermal capillary waves. Science. 2004;304:847–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Page MJ, Stevens JA, Mittaz JP, Carrera FJ. Submillimeter evidence for the coeval growth of massive black holes and galaxy bulges. Science. 2001;294:2516–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Allsopp W. Advanced Penetration Testing. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Baranyi P. Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom). 1st ed. 2015. Csapo A, Sallai G, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Caraway YH. Who Do I Run to? Finding a Mentor and Building Mentor Relationships. In: Hoffman A, editor. 50 Billion Dollar Boss: African American Women Sharing Stories of Success in Entrepreneurship and Leadership. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. p. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Amazing Video Of Earth From Space, Set To A Pink Floyd Soundtrack [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Small Computers in the Federal Government: Management Is Needed To Realize Potential and Prevent Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Mar. Report No.: AFMD-83-36.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kinney CE. Realtime controller tuning for periodic disturbance rejection with application to active noise control [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. 2017 Mar 3;MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlememo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology
ISSN (print)1865-5041
ISSN (online)1865-5076

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