How to format your references using the memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Yang H. China must continue the momentum of green law. Nature. 2014;509:535.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Droser ML, Gehling JG. Synchronous aggregate growth in an abundant new Ediacaran tubular organism. Science. 2008;319:1660–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ma H, Aihara K, Chen L. Detecting causality from nonlinear dynamics with short-term time series. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7464.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Shaw DE, Maragakis P, Lindorff-Larsen K, Piana S, Dror RO, Eastwood MP, et al. Atomic-level characterization of the structural dynamics of proteins. Science. 2010;330:341–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Paret D. Design Constraints for NFC Devices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Riolo R, Worzel WP, Kotanchek M, Kordon A, editors. Genetic Programming Theory and Practice XIII. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Salviano CF, Alves AM, Stefanuto GN, Maintinguer ST, Mattos CV, Zeitoum C. CERTICS - An ISO/IEC 15504 Conformance Model for Software Technological Development and Innovation. In: Mitasiunas A, Rout T, O’Connor RV, Dorling A, editors. Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination: 14th International Conference, SPICE 2014, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 4-6, 2014, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Engineered Bacteria Are Helping Us Add Memory To Living Computers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Smaller Terminal Systems’ Capacity Requirements Need to Be Defined. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jun. Report No.: IMTEC-90-50.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Poyaoan-Linzaga MR. The effects of patient communication in early intervention for falls among the Medicare patients [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Johnson G. Creation, in the Eye of the Beholder. New York Times. 2014 May 20;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlememo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology
ISSN (print)1865-5041
ISSN (online)1865-5076

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