How to format your references using the memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Coleman P. Frontier at your fingertips. Nature. 2007;446:379.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Krabbenhoft DP, Sunderland EM. Environmental science. Global change and mercury. Science. 2013;341:1457–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rigol M, Dunjko V, Olshanii M. Thermalization and its mechanism for generic isolated quantum systems. Nature. 2008;452:854–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Baldwin SL, Monteleone BD, Webb LE, Fitzgerald PG, Grove M, Hill EJ. Pliocene eclogite exhumation at plate tectonic rates in eastern Papua New Guinea. Nature. 2004;431:263–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Nappi E, Peskov V. Imaging Gaseous Detectors and Their Applications. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1. Schur PH, Massarotti EM, editors. Lupus Erythematosus: Clinical Evaluation and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Puri R, Nicholls SJ. Monitoring the Progression and Regression of Coronary Atherosclerosis with Intravascular Ultrasound. In: Nicholls SJ, Crowe T, editors. Imaging Coronary Atherosclerosis. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 67–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Frances Kelsey, Doctor Who Saved The U.S. From Thalidomide, Dies At 101. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority: Improved Planning of Future Rehabilitation Projects Could Prevent Limitations Identified with SafeTrack. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 Mar. Report No.: GAO-17-348.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Zaarour M. Enhancing the foster care experience of children with autism: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Masood S, Hubbard B. Pakistan Approves Military Hero to Head a Tricky Saudi-Led Alliance. New York Times. 2017 Apr 2;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlememo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology
ISSN (print)1865-5041
ISSN (online)1865-5076

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