How to format your references using the memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Closing the gaps. Nature. 2008;452:382–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Webby RJ, Webster RG. Are we ready for pandemic influenza? Science. 2003;302:1519–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Haince J-F, Rouleau M, Poirier GG. Transcription. Gene expression needs a break to unwind before carrying on. Science. 2006;312:1752–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhou Z, Bedwell GJ, Li R, Prevelige PE Jr, Gupta A. Formation mechanism of chalcogenide nanocrystals confined inside genetically engineered virus-like particles. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3832.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Steland A. Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Nielsen PMF, Wittek A, Miller K, editors. Computational Biomechanics for Medicine: Deformation and Flow. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Li Y, Ai H, Huang C, Lao S. Robust Head Tracking with Particles Based on Multiple Cues Fusion. In: Huang TS, Sebe N, Lew MS, Pavlović V, Kölsch M, Galata A, et al., editors. Computer Vision in Human-Computer Interaction: ECCV 2006 Workshop on HCI, Graz, Austria, May 13, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 29–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Climbing The Tree: The Case For Chimpanzee ‘Personhood.’ IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Visibility and Leadership: The Changing Federal Role in Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jan. Report No.: 147976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rossi G. Anesthesiology, geriatric surgery, and the risk of post-operative cognitive dysfunction [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. You Say Clutter, I Say Canopy, Let’s Call the Whole Thing Off. New York Times. 2001 Jun 17;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlememo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology
ISSN (print)1865-5041
ISSN (online)1865-5076

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