How to format your references using the Journal of Philosophical Logic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Philosophical Logic. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tully, J. C. (2006). Chemistry. Mode-selective control of surface reactions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1004–1005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, B. H., & Amon, A. (2003). Role of Polo-like kinase CDC5 in programming meiosis I chromosome segregation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5618), 482–486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang, C., Zhong, Z., & Lieber, C. M. (2005). Encoding electronic properties by synthesis of axial modulation-doped silicon nanowires. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5752), 1304–1307.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, Z., Kong, B., Yu, C., Shi, X., Wang, M., Liu, W., … Yang, S. (2014). Tungsten oxide nanorods: an efficient nanoplatform for tumor CT imaging and photothermal therapy. Scientific reports, 4, 3653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton, W. (2011). E-Learning by Design. San Francisco, CA, USA: Pfeiffer.
An edited book
Tirri, K., & Nokelainen, P. (Eds.). (2011). Measuring Multiple Intelligences and Moral Sensitivities in Education (Vol. 5). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Bozzelli, L. (2005). Complexity Results on Branching-Time Pushdown Model Checking. In E. A. Emerson & K. S. Namjoshi (Eds.), Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 7th International Conference, VMCAI 2006, Charleston, SC, USA, January 8-10, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 65–79). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Philosophical Logic.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, September 1). Is Iceland’s Ominous Katla Volcano About To Erupt? IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Utilization of the United States Coast Guard High Endurance Cutter Fleet (No. B-114851). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Calhoun, G. F. (2009). Limit theory for overfit models (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kasich, J. (2016, August 22). Welfare Is Still Broken. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Philosophical Logic
AbbreviationJ. Philos. Logic
ISSN (print)0022-3611
ISSN (online)1573-0433

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