How to format your references using the Journal of Philosophical Logic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Philosophical Logic. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Milonni, P. W. (2000). Quantum decay. A watched pot boils quicker. Nature, 405(6786), 525, 527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, G. T., & Pitnick, S. (2002). Sperm-female coevolution in Drosophila. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5596), 1230–1233.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schibler, U., Ripperger, J. A., & Brown, S. A. (2001). Circadian rhythms. Chronobiology--reducing time. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5529), 437–438.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Munch, E., Launey, M. E., Alsem, D. H., Saiz, E., Tomsia, A. P., & Ritchie, R. O. (2008). Tough, bio-inspired hybrid materials. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5907), 1516–1520.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Foote, M., Hillier, J., Mitchell-Wallace, K., & Jones, M. (2017). Natural catastrophe risk management and modelling. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Scherer, P. (2010). Theoretical Molecular Biophysics. (S. F. Fischer, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramachandran, S. (2016). Benevolent Funds: Philanthropic Practices of the South African Diaspora in Ontario, Canada. In A. Chikanda, J. Crush, & M. Walton-Roberts (Eds.), Diasporas, Development and Governance (pp. 65–82). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Philosophical Logic.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 9). Global Coral Bleaching Event Declared. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Transition of Communications System to Digital Technology (No. IMTEC-91-77FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Little, J. L. (2014). The effects of a financial literacy intervention on teachers’ financial literacy, awareness, and advocacy (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2013, November 6). She’s Mighty, Muslim and Leaping Off the Page. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Philosophical Logic
AbbreviationJ. Philos. Logic
ISSN (print)0022-3611
ISSN (online)1573-0433

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