How to format your references using the Journal of Philosophical Logic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Philosophical Logic. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diringer, E. (2011). Climate policy: letting go of Kyoto. Nature, 479(7373), 291–292.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gómez, F. J., & Waymouth, R. M. (2002). Polymer synthesis. Catalysts rise to the challenge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5555), 635–636.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubash, N. K., Fleurbaey, M., & Kartha, S. (2014). Climate policy. Political implications of data presentation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6192), 36–37.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Loos, R. J. F., Barroso, I., O’rahilly, S., & Wareham, N. J. (2007). Comment on “A common genetic variant is associated with adult and childhood obesity.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5809), 187; author reply 187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ness, L. (2006). Securing Utility and Energy Infrastructures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Frick, J., & Laugen, B. T. (Eds.). (2012). Advances in Production Management Systems. Value Networks: Innovation, Technologies, and Management: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2011, Stavanger, Norway, September 26-28, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 384). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Alimaev, I. I., Kerven, C., Torekhanov, A., Behnke, R., Smailov, K., Yurchenko, V., … Shanbaev, K. (2008). The Impact of Livestock Grazing on Soils and Vegetation Around Settlements in Southeast Kazakhstan. In R. Behnke (Ed.), The Socio-Economic Causes and Consequences of Desertification in Central Asia (pp. 81–112). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Philosophical Logic.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 2). Bronze Age Britons Practised Mummification. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Railroad Safety: DOT Faces Challenges in Improving Grade Crossing Safety, Track Inspection Standards, and Passenger Car Safety (No. T-RCED-96-114). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Medina, L. M. (2012). Living with Global Shocks: Examining the Responses of Firms and Governments (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, October 16). Dodgers’ Turner Delivers Decisive Final Blow in a Battle of Bullpens. New York Times, p. D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Philosophical Logic
AbbreviationJ. Philos. Logic
ISSN (print)0022-3611
ISSN (online)1573-0433

Other styles