How to format your references using the Journal of Philosophical Logic citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Philosophical Logic. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zapperi, S. (2010). Physics. Looking at how things slip. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6001), 184–185.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wuchty, S., & Uetz, P. (2014). Protein-protein Interaction Networks of E. coli and S. cerevisiae are similar. Scientific reports, 4, 7187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Storch, D., Keil, P., & Jetz, W. (2012). Universal species-area and endemics-area relationships at continental scales. Nature, 488(7409), 78–81.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schueler-Furman, O., Wang, C., Bradley, P., Misura, K., & Baker, D. (2005). Progress in modeling of protein structures and interactions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5748), 638–642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards, D. W. (2014). Risk Management in Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lovat, T., Toomey, R., & Clement, N. (Eds.). (2010). International Research Handbook on Values Education and Student Wellbeing. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Laasch, H.-U. (2013). Current Designs of Self-Expanding Stents. In R. Kozarek, T. Baron, & H.-Y. Song (Eds.), Self-Expandable Stents in the Gastrointestinal Tract (pp. 51–69). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Philosophical Logic.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 29). This Video Shows The Moment A Missing Indonesian Man Was Found Inside A Python. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Surface Transportation: Funding Limitations and Barriers To Cross-Modal Decision Making (No. T-RCED-93-25). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullin Piette, A. J. (2010). Dialogic encounters among health care providers in pediatric critical care: A qualitative, collective case study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory Mankiw, N. (2016, January 29). A Better Way to Grade Presidents. New York Times, p. BU5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Philosophical Logic
AbbreviationJ. Philos. Logic
ISSN (print)0022-3611
ISSN (online)1573-0433

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