How to format your references using the Hormone Research in Paediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormone Research in Paediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check Hayden E. The automated lab. Nature. 2014 Dec;516(7529):131–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts RG, Lian OB. Dating techniques: Illuminating the past. Nature. 2015 Apr;520(7548):438–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Strassmann JE, Zhu Y, Queller DC. Altruism and social cheating in the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. Nature. 2000;408(6815):965–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Reiter S, Hülsdunk P, Woo T, Lauterbach MA, Eberle JS, Akay LA, et al. Elucidating the control and development of skin patterning in cuttlefish. Nature. 2018 Oct;562(7727):361–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benmammar B, Amraoui A. Radio Resource Allocation and Dynamic Spectrum Access. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Bomze IM. Nonlinear Optimization: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy, July 1-7, 2007. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Girish S, Gupta M. Clinical Pharmacology Strategies in the Development of Antibody–Drug Conjugates. In: Phillips GL, editor. Antibody-Drug Conjugates and Immunotoxins: From Pre-Clinical Development to Therapeutic Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2013; pp 57–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormone Research in Paediatrics.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Horror Games Give us the Fright We’re Looking For [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jul [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. General Aviation Airports: Unauthorized Land Use Highlights Need for Improved Oversight and Enforcement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Altiparmak F. Online Management and Mining of Heteregenous and Dynamic Time Series. 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Trying to Win A Campaign With Money And Nice Hair. New York Times. 2012 Feb;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHormone Research in Paediatrics
AbbreviationHorm. Res. Paediatr.
ISSN (print)1663-2818
ISSN (online)1663-2826
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles