How to format your references using the Hormone Research in Paediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormone Research in Paediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ratner M. Pushing electrons around. Nature. 2000 Mar;404(6774):137–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mullen GM, Mullins CB. Chemistry. Water’s place in Au catalysis. Science. 2014 Sep;345(6204):1564–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bertotti B, Iess L, Tortora P. A test of general relativity using radio links with the Cassini spacecraft. Nature. 2003 Sep;425(6956):374–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee D-S, Nioche P, Hamberg M, Raman CS. Structural insights into the evolutionary paths of oxylipin biosynthetic enzymes. Nature. 2008 Sep;455(7211):363–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moskowitz HR, Porretta S, Silcher M. Concept Research in Food Product Design and Development. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing; 2008.
An edited book
Yang VW, Bialkowska AB, editors. Intestinal Tumorigenesis: Mechanisms of Development & Progression. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Borthen K, Hemforth B, Mertins B, Behrens B, Fabricius-Hansen C. Referring Expressions in Speech Reports. In: Hemforth B, Mertins B, Fabricius-Hansen C, editors. Psycholinguistic Approaches to Meaning and Understanding across Languages. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014; pp 111–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormone Research in Paediatrics.

Blog post
Luntz S. How Do Parasitic Birds Learn To Be Like Their Biological Parents? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Nov [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Army Aviation: Modernization Strategy Needs to Be Reassessed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson VM. In vitro thyroid hormone metabolism: Effects of nuclear receptor activation on the metabolic profiles of thyroxine in rat and human hepatocytes. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Best Seat in House? It’s in the House. New York Times. 2011 Jul;SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHormone Research in Paediatrics
AbbreviationHorm. Res. Paediatr.
ISSN (print)1663-2818
ISSN (online)1663-2826
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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