How to format your references using the Hormone Research in Paediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormone Research in Paediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyle P. Social science. A U.K. view on the U.S. attack on social sciences. Science. 2013 Aug;341(6147):719.
A journal article with 2 authors
Movassaghi M, Jacobsen EN. Chemistry. The simplest “enzyme.” Science. 2002 Dec;298(5600):1904–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Planutis K, Planutiene M, Holcombe RF. A novel signaling pathway regulates colon cancer angiogenesis through Norrin. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul;4:5630.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Candille SI, Kaelin CB, Cattanach BM, Yu B, Thompson DA, Nix MA, et al. A -defensin mutation causes black coat color in domestic dogs. Science. 2007 Nov;318(5855):1418–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon L, Ospina J. Closed-Form Solutions for Drug Transport through Controlled-Release Devices in Two and Three Dimensions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
O¿Donnell RW. Intellectual Property in the Food Technology Industry: Protecting Your Innovation. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Palokangas T. One-Parameter GHG Emission Policy with R&D-Based Growth. In: Moser E, Semmler W, Tragler G, Veliov VM, editors. Dynamic Optimization in Environmental Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014; pp 111–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormone Research in Paediatrics.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Old Mice Drinking Champagne Three Times A Week Navigate Labyrinths Better [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Nov [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Corps of Engineers: Effects of Restrictions on Corps’ Hopper Dredges Should Be Comprehensively Analyzed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lucas MA. Bridging the Gap Between Schools and Families Through Teacher Home Visits. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Jones Beach Hit Hard By Budget Cuts to Parks. New York Times. 2009 Apr;LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHormone Research in Paediatrics
AbbreviationHorm. Res. Paediatr.
ISSN (print)1663-2818
ISSN (online)1663-2826
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles