How to format your references using the Hormone Research in Paediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormone Research in Paediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Benford G. Where might it lead? Nature. 2001 Nov;414(6862):399.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Kuper R, Kröpelin S. Climate-controlled Holocene occupation in the Sahara: motor of Africa’s evolution. Science. 2006 Aug;313(5788):803–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Ackermann M, Stearns SC, Jenal U. Senescence in a bacterium with asymmetric division. Science. 2003 Jun;300(5627):1920.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Karpova NN, Pickenhagen A, Lindholm J, Tiraboschi E, Kulesskaya N, Agústsdóttir A, et al. Fear erasure in mice requires synergy between antidepressant drugs and extinction training. Science. 2011 Dec;334(6063):1731–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Szczecinski L, Alvarado A. Bit-Interleaved Coded Modulation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1
Gallopoulos E. Parallelism in Matrix Computations. 1st ed. 2016. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Grönlund H-E, Francis C, Grimes S. Motion Recipes. In: Francis C, Grimes S, editors. iOS 6 Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2012; pp 217–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormone Research in Paediatrics.

Blog post
1
Luntz S. Astronomers Observe Black Hole Choking On A Star 2.9 Billion Light-Years Away [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jan [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/flash-explained-black-hole-eating-star/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Amtrak: Issues for Reauthorization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Chandwasker T. Comparison of ad-hoc on demand distance vector and enhanced-ad-hoc on demand distance vector on vehicular ad-hoc networks. 2016

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Pilon M. Symbols for Satire. New York Times. 2012 Mar;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHormone Research in Paediatrics
AbbreviationHorm. Res. Paediatr.
ISSN (print)1663-2818
ISSN (online)1663-2826
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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