How to format your references using the Hormone Research in Paediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hormone Research in Paediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fitch T: Journal club. A cognitive biologist foresees breakthroughs in understanding vocal learning. Nature 2010;466:163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Neronov A, Vovk I: Evidence for strong extragalactic magnetic fields from Fermi observations of TeV blazars. Science 2010;328:73–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma J-B, Ye K, Patel DJ: Structural basis for overhang-specific small interfering RNA recognition by the PAZ domain. Nature 2004;429:318–322.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ludwig A, Debus L, Lieckfeldt D, Wirgin I, Benecke N, Jenneckens I, et al.: When the American sea sturgeon swam east. Nature 2002;419:447–448.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher RB, Breckon TP, Dawson-Howe K, Fitzgibbon A, Robertson C, Trucco E, et al.: Dictionary of Computer Vision and Image Processing. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
Backhaus JG, Drechsler W (eds): Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900): Economy and Society. Boston, MA, Springer US, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Almeida A, Rebelo F, Noriega P: Development of a Virtual Environment for Safety Warnings Behavior Compliance Evaluation; in Rebelo F, Soares M (eds): Advances in Ergonomics in Design: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Ergonomics in Design, July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hormone Research in Paediatrics.

Blog post
Fang J: Fat Grizzlies Reveal Natural, Reversible Diabetes. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Financial Management: Misstatements of NASA’s Statement of Budgetary Resources. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kerr AB: Exploring relationship awareness in organizational change using the Strength Deployment Inventory 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B: Reaching No.1 On the Billboard Charts. New York Times 2017;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHormone Research in Paediatrics
AbbreviationHorm. Res. Paediatr.
ISSN (print)1663-2818
ISSN (online)1663-2826
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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