How to format your references using the Melanoma Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Melanoma Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Hippel FN. Energy. Plutonium and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel. Science. 293(5539), 2397–2398 (2001).
A journal article with 2 authors
Rejec T, Meir Y. Magnetic impurity formation in quantum point contacts. Nature. 442(7105), 900–903 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
Nava E, Steiger T, Röder B. Both developmental and adult vision shape body representations. Sci. Rep. 4, 6622 (2014).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Klass K-D, Zompro O, Kristensen NP, Adis J. Mantophasmatodea: a new insect order with extant members in the Afrotropics. Science. 296(5572), 1456–1459 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sellars C. Risk Assessment in People with Learning Disabilities. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Mamon RS, Elliott RJ, editors. Hidden Markov Models in Finance: Further Developments and Applications, Volume II. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Moorman AV, Harrison CJ. Cytogenetics. In: Adult Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia: Biology and Treatment. Advani AS, Lazarus HM (Eds.), Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 61–75 (2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Melanoma Management.

Blog post
Andrew E. Origins of Human Heart Beat Traced Back One Billion Years. IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Can the Federal Communications Commission Successfully Implement Its Computer II Decision? U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zurheide PK. Hydromorphology of anomalous bright loamy soils on the mid-Atlantic coastal plain. (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Scouting Report. New York Times, E7 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMelanoma Management
AbbreviationMelanoma Manag.
ISSN (print)2045-0885

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