How to format your references using the Melanoma Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Melanoma Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martinson BC. Universities and the money fix. Nature. 449(7159), 141–142 (2007).
A journal article with 2 authors
Selosse M-A, Rousset F. Evolution. The plant-fungal marketplace. Science. 333(6044), 828–829 (2011).
A journal article with 3 authors
Keizer K, Lindenberg S, Steg L. The spreading of disorder. Science. 322(5908), 1681–1685 (2008).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Feinberg AW, Feigel A, Shevkoplyas SS, Sheehy S, Whitesides GM, Parker KK. Muscular thin films for building actuators and powering devices. Science. 317(5843), 1366–1370 (2007).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fitzgerald RW, Meacham BJ. Fire Performance Analysis for Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hakansson A, Hartung R, editors. Agent and Multi-Agent Systems in Distributed Systems - Digital Economy and E-Commerce. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin P-CK, Khatri SP. Predictor Ranking using Modified Zhegalkin Functions. In: Logic Synthesis for Genetic Diseases: Modeling Disease Behavior Using Boolean Networks. Khatri SP (Ed.), Springer, New York, NY, 53–74 (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Melanoma Management.

Blog post
Andrew E. This Is The Age Of The Brain – But Bending Beliefs And Feelings Raises Political Questions [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. USDA Research and Extension Agencies: Missions, Structures, and Budgets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pryor GL. Effects of a balance-specific exercise program on blood pressure medication usage. (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. At Play in the Cardboard Jungle. New York Times, MB3 (2014).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMelanoma Management
AbbreviationMelanoma Manag.
ISSN (print)2045-0885

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