How to format your references using the Melanoma Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Melanoma Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lagunoff D. Portraits of science. A Polish, Jewish scientist in 19th-century Prussia. Science. 298(5602), 2331 (2002).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schwartz JH, Tattersall I. ANTHROPOLOGY. Defining the genus Homo. Science. 349(6251), 931–932 (2015).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Khudiyev T, Dogan T, Bayindir M. Biomimicry of multifunctional nanostructures in the neck feathers of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos L.) drakes. Sci. Rep. 4, 4718 (2014).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Forterre Y, Skotheim JM, Dumais J, Mahadevan L. How the Venus flytrap snaps. Nature. 433(7024), 421–425 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Leis JW. Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB for Students and Researchers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1.
Robshaw M, Katz J, editors. Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2016: 36th Annual International Cryptology Conference, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, August 14-18, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Artstein-Avidan S, Florentin D, Milman V. Order Isomorphisms on Convex Functions in Windows. In: Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis: Israel Seminar 2006–2010. Klartag B, Mendelson S, Milman VD (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 61–122 (2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Melanoma Management.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. How Did Neanderthals’ Ear Get to China? [Internet]. IFLScience (2014). Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-did-neanderthals-ear-get-china/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Retirement Processing: OPM Is Pursuing Incremental Information Technology Improvements after Canceling a Modernization Plagued by Management Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Walsh MA. Passage. (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. Doing Business In Small Quarters. New York Times, 14WC8 (2000).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMelanoma Management
AbbreviationMelanoma Manag.
ISSN (print)2045-0885
ScopeDermatology
Oncology

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