How to format your references using the Melanoma Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Melanoma Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McAuley P. Danger--hard hack area. Nature. 404(6773), 21 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsodyks M, Gilbert C. Neural networks and perceptual learning. Nature. 431(7010), 775–781 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
Donner SD, Kandlikar M, Zerriffi H. Environment and development. Preparing to manage climate change financing. Science. 334(6058), 908–909 (2011).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pascual O, Casper KB, Kubera C, et al. Astrocytic purinergic signaling coordinates synaptic networks. Science. 310(5745), 113–116 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minelli M, Chambers M, Dhiraj A. Big Data, Big Analytics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ortiz G, Tran C, editors. Advances in Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: Workshops of ESOCC 2014, Manchester, UK, September 2-4, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kurtz J, Wortman B. Up and Down the Stack with a POST. In: ASP.NET Web API 2: Building a REST Service from Start to Finish. Wortman B (Ed.), Apress, Berkeley, CA, 49–115 (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Melanoma Management.

Blog post
Evans K. The Edge Of The Universe Is Closer Than Scientists Previously Thought. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Reagan National Airport: Limited Opportunities to Improve Airlines’ Compliance with Noise Abatement Procedures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hertzman R. Yemen’s migrant networks as critical factor in political opposition to the Imamate. (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K, Appelbaum B. Yellen and Trump Aide Are Said to Be on Shortlist for New Leader of the Fed. New York Times, A20 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMelanoma Management
AbbreviationMelanoma Manag.
ISSN (print)2045-0885

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