How to format your references using the Bulletin of Mathematical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Mathematical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Batty M (2006) Rank clocks. Nature 444:592–596
A journal article with 2 authors
Fischbach MA, Walsh CT (2006) Biochemistry. Directing biosynthesis. Science 314:603–605
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumar P, Narayan R, Johnson JL (2008) Properties of gamma-ray burst progenitor stars. Science 321:376–379
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Valenzuela SO, Oliver WD, Berns DM, et al (2006) Microwave-induced cooling of a superconducting qubit. Science 314:1589–1592

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dormieux L, Kondo D (2016) Micromechanics of Fracture and Damage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Barros M, Labiche Y (eds) (2015) Search-Based Software Engineering: 7th International Symposium, SSBSE 2015, Bergamo, Italy, September 5-7, 2015, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Lindquist S, Westerlund B, Sundblad Y, et al (2007) Co-designing Communication Technology with and for Families – Methods, Experience, Results and Impact. In: Streitz N, Kameas A, Mavrommati I (eds) The Disappearing Computer: Interaction Design, System Infrastructures and Applications for Smart Environments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 99–119

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Mathematical Biology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Get Ready For The Dazzling Perseid Meteors In August. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Education Grants Management: Actions Initiated to Correct Material Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caltrider CS (2017) Critical Pedagogy Unit of Ceramics Instruction: Fostering Civic Engagement in California High School Students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M, Belson K (2012) Two Sprinters Agree to Runoff For Olympic Spot. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Batty 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fischbach and Walsh 2006; Batty 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fischbach and Walsh 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Valenzuela et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Mathematical Biology
AbbreviationBull. Math. Biol.
ISSN (print)0092-8240
ISSN (online)1522-9602
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Computational Theory and Mathematics
General Environmental Science
General Mathematics
General Neuroscience

Other styles