How to format your references using the Bulletin of Mathematical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Mathematical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig R (2000) EUROPEAN SCIENCE: Research Behemoth Slated for Overhaul. Science 289:2019b
A journal article with 2 authors
Srinivasan M, Ruina A (2006) Computer optimization of a minimal biped model discovers walking and running. Nature 439:72–75
A journal article with 3 authors
Clem RL, Celikel T, Barth AL (2008) Ongoing in vivo experience triggers synaptic metaplasticity in the neocortex. Science 319:101–104
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kicheva A, Pantazis P, Bollenbach T, et al (2007) Kinetics of morphogen gradient formation. Science 315:521–525

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolson RF, Clarke WR (2002) Statistical Methods for the Analysis of Biomedical Data: Woolson/Statistical. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Boersma K, Goedhart M, Jong O de, Eijkelhof H (eds) (2005) Research and the Quality of Science Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Alfred W, John A (2006) Stigmergic Navigation for Multi-Agent Teams in Complex Environments. In: Crina G, Vitorino R (eds) Stigmergic Optimization. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–116

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Mathematical Biology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Couples Who Share Housework Equally Have More Sex, Claims Study. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Transportation Security: Action Needed to Strengthen TSA’s Security Threat Assessment Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blackmar MD (2012) Wagner domesticated, Wagner democratized: The parlor reception of Musikdrama. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
STEVEN LEE MYERS; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting for this article (2005) Prosecutor Says Chechen Rebel Had Editor Killed. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koenig 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Koenig 2000; Srinivasan and Ruina 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Srinivasan and Ruina 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Kicheva et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Mathematical Biology
AbbreviationBull. Math. Biol.
ISSN (print)0092-8240
ISSN (online)1522-9602
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Computational Theory and Mathematics
General Environmental Science
General Mathematics
General Neuroscience

Other styles