How to format your references using the Bulletin of Mathematical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Mathematical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Hara K (2010) Canada must free scientists to talk to journalists. Nature 467:501
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianchi A, Shore D (2008) Molecular biology. Refined view of the ends. Science 320:1301–1302
A journal article with 3 authors
Schröder GF, Levitt M, Brunger AT (2010) Super-resolution biomolecular crystallography with low-resolution data. Nature 464:1218–1222
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kramer G, Rauch T, Rist W, et al (2002) L23 protein functions as a chaperone docking site on the ribosome. Nature 419:171–174

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fraser J, Simkins BJ (2009) Enterprise Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jain S, Simon HU, Tomita E (eds) (2005) Algorithmic Learning Theory: 16th International Conference, ALT 2005, Singapore, October 8-11, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Liu X-J, Wang J (2014) Singularity of Parallel Mechanisms. In: Wang J (ed) Parallel Kinematics: Type, Kinematics, and Optimal Design. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 129–148

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Mathematical Biology.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) This Is What Americans Have Been Dying Of Over The Past 35 Years. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/americans-have-been-dying-over-past-35-years/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Restructuring Is Under Way, but Challenges and Risks Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hawkins SH (2017) Lung CT Radiomics: An Overview of Using Images as Data. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Justices Curb Postal Service’s Immunity From Lawsuits. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Hara 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bianchi and Shore 2008; O’Hara 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bianchi and Shore 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kramer et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Mathematical Biology
AbbreviationBull. Math. Biol.
ISSN (print)0092-8240
ISSN (online)1522-9602
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Computational Theory and Mathematics
General Environmental Science
Immunology
General Mathematics
General Neuroscience
Pharmacology

Other styles