How to format your references using the Bulletin of Mathematical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Mathematical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA (2000) PALEOCLIMATE: An Appealing Snowball Earth That’s Still Hard to Swallow. Science 287:1734–1736
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim W-Y, Snider WD (2008) Neuroscience. Overcoming inhibitions. Science 322:869–872
A journal article with 3 authors
Weeks AR, Marec F, Breeuwer JA (2001) A mite species that consists entirely of haploid females. Science 292:2479–2482
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Clarke G, Collins RA, Leavitt BR, et al (2000) A one-hit model of cell death in inherited neuronal degenerations. Nature 406:195–199

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walter RJ (1998) Local Emergency Planning Committee Guidebook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Guerraggio A (2013) Vito Volterra. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Almeida AMO de (2009) Entanglement in Phase Space. In: Buchleitner A, Viviescas C, Tiersch M (eds) Entanglement and Decoherence: Foundations and Modern Trends. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 157–219

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Mathematical Biology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Check Out This Amazing Video Of Apollo Photos Turned Into A Stop Motion Film. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ennaco WA (2014) Mastering morphosyntax: A pre-experimental study on the effectiveness of a parent-training program for preschoolaged children with specific language impairment. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2016) High-Tech Hospital, Same Old Story. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr 2000; Kim and Snider 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Snider 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Clarke et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Mathematical Biology
AbbreviationBull. Math. Biol.
ISSN (print)0092-8240
ISSN (online)1522-9602
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Computational Theory and Mathematics
General Environmental Science
General Mathematics
General Neuroscience

Other styles