How to format your references using the Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Johnson, M.: Spintronics: spin accumulation in mesoscopic systems. Nature. 416, 809–10; discussion 810 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Winckler, G., Fischer, H.: 30,000 years of cosmic dust in Antarctic ice. Science. 313, 491 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wellman, C.H., Osterloff, P.L., Mohiuddin, U.: Fragments of the earliest land plants. Nature. 425, 282–285 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Morris, D.G., Huang, X., Kaminski, N., Wang, Y., Shapiro, S.D., Dolganov, G., Glick, A., Sheppard, D.: Loss of integrin alpha(v)beta6-mediated TGF-beta activation causes Mmp12-dependent emphysema. Nature. 422, 169–173 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Carrega, P.: Geographical Information and Climatology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
1.
Motreanu, D.: Topological and Variational Methods with Applications to Nonlinear Boundary Value Problems. Springer, New York, NY (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rossi, M.E., Deutsch, C.V.: Definition of Estimation Domains. In: Deutsch, C.V. (ed.) Mineral Resource Estimation. pp. 51–65. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation.

Blog post
1.
Davis, J.: US Brings In Nearly Total Ban On All Commercial Trade In Ivory, https://www.iflscience.com/environment/us-brings-in-nearly-total-ban-on-all-commercial-trade-in-ivory/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel Implementing Financial Systems in the Federal Government. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tuinenga, J.M.: John Corigliano’s Sonata for violin and piano: An analysis of context, structure, and style, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Schilling, M.K.: Paula Cooper, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nondestructive Evaluation
AbbreviationJ. Nondestruct. Eval.
ISSN (print)0195-9298
ISSN (online)1573-4862
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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