How to format your references using the Evolutionary Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes, N. (2010). Publish your computer code: it is good enough. Nature, 467(7317), 753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bendor, D., & Wang, X. (2005). The neuronal representation of pitch in primate auditory cortex. Nature, 436(7054), 1161–1165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Indjeian, V. B., Stern, B. M., & Murray, A. W. (2005). The centromeric protein Sgo1 is required to sense lack of tension on mitotic chromosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5706), 130–133.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shinzato, C., Shoguchi, E., Kawashima, T., Hamada, M., Hisata, K., Tanaka, M., et al. (2011). Using the Acropora digitifera genome to understand coral responses to environmental change. Nature, 476(7360), 320–323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, K. Q. T. (2015). Wireless Communications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Inamuddin, & Mohammad, A. (Eds.). (2014). Green Chromatographic Techniques: Separation and Purification of Organic and Inorganic Analytes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
White, R. W., Kapoor, A., & Dumais, S. T. (2010). Modeling Long-Term Search Engine Usage. In P. D. Bra, A. Kobsa, & D. Chin (Eds.), User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization: 18th International Conference, UMAP 2010, Big Island, HI, USA, June 20-24, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 28–39). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 12). Explainer: Why Rosetta Comet Mission is Such a Big Deal. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Quality Assurance: The Fastener Quality Act’s Small-Lot Exemption (No. GAO-01-719). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obiedat, M. (2015). Incrementally Sorted Lattice Data Structures (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philipps, D., & Hubbard, B. (2017, July 25). U.S. Soldier Who Survived Fatal Attack by a Jordanian Tells His Story. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barnes 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Barnes 2010; Bendor and Wang 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bendor and Wang 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Shinzato et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Biology
AbbreviationEvol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0071-3260
ISSN (online)1934-2845
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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