How to format your references using the Evolutionary Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shen, M. M. (2015). Cancer: The complex seeds of metastasis. Nature, 520(7547), 298–299.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laage, D., & Hynes, J. T. (2006). A molecular jump mechanism of water reorientation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5762), 832–835.
A journal article with 3 authors
Killgore, W. D. S., Olson, E. A., & Weber, M. (2013). Physical exercise habits correlate with gray matter volume of the hippocampus in healthy adult humans. Scientific reports, 3, 3457.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hou, S., Larsen, R. W., Boudko, D., Riley, C. W., Karatan, E., Zimmer, M., et al. (2000). Myoglobin-like aerotaxis transducers in Archaea and Bacteria. Nature, 403(6769), 540–544.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, W., Shmulevich, I., & Astola, J. (2005). Microarray Quality Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Greenbaum, E., & Zhou, D. (Eds.). (2009). Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications. New York, NY: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Çağatay, M. N., Geli, L., Gasperini, L., Henry, P., Gürbüz, C., & Görür, N. (2015). Seafloor observations and observatory activities in the Sea of Marmara. In L. Beranzoli & A. De Santis (Eds.), SEAFLOOR OBSERVATORIES: A New Vision of the Earth from the Abyss (pp. 59–79). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 15). Icelandic Brewery Concocts Beer Using Endangered Whale Testicles. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Better Management Needed in Automating the Federal Judiciary (No. GGD-81-19). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swartz, H. (2017). The Multitude Speaks in Style: An Analysis of Vernacular Agency through Images of Ruth Bader Ginsburg (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herszenhorn, D. M., & Barry, E. (2011, December 4). Russian Voters Send a Message To Putin’s Party. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shen 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Laage and Hynes 2006; Shen 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laage and Hynes 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Hou et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Biology
AbbreviationEvol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0071-3260
ISSN (online)1934-2845
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles