How to format your references using the Evolutionary Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crowder, C. M. (2009). Cell biology. Ceramides--friend or foe in hypoxia? Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5925), 343–344.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gronke, K., & Diefenbach, A. (2015). Regenerative biology: Innate immunity repairs gut lining. Nature, 528(7583), 488–489.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saalmann, Y. B., Pigarev, I. N., & Vidyasagar, T. R. (2007). Neural mechanisms of visual attention: how top-down feedback highlights relevant locations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5831), 1612–1615.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jimenez-Useche, I., Ke, J., Tian, Y., Shim, D., Howell, S. C., Qiu, X., & Yuan, C. (2013). DNA methylation regulated nucleosome dynamics. Scientific reports, 3, 2121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I. (2006). A Manager’s Guide to the Design and Conduct of Clinical Trials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Coventry, B. J. (Ed.). (2014). Peripheral, Head and Neck Surgery. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Neves, M. F., Trombin, V. G., Lopes, F. F., Kalaki, R., & Milan, P. (2012). Citrus exports. In V. G. Trombin, F. F. Lopes, R. Kalaki, & P. Milan (Eds.), The orange juice business: A Brazilian perspective (pp. 25–26). Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Biology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, May 16). Complete Skeleton of Prehistoric Teenaged Girl Found in the Yucatan. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). CETA Programs for Disadvantaged Adults: What Do We Know About Their Enrollees, Services, and Effectiveness (No. IPE-82-2). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, C. (2012). Generation-Y leadership: A qualitative phenomenological study of virtual socialization relationships (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, March 24). The Head Honcho’s Head Honcho. New York Times, p. BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crowder 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Crowder 2009; Gronke and Diefenbach 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gronke and Diefenbach 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Jimenez-Useche et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Biology
AbbreviationEvol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0071-3260
ISSN (online)1934-2845
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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