How to format your references using the Evolutionary Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolutionary Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochmyaningsih, D. (2015). Focus on political Islamic groups to boost science. Nature, 518(7540), 457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watanabe, N., & Mitchison, T. J. (2002). Single-molecule speckle analysis of actin filament turnover in lamellipodia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5557), 1083–1086.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsu, M., Anen, C., & Quartz, S. R. (2008). The right and the good: distributive justice and neural encoding of equity and efficiency. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5879), 1092–1095.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ito, S., Stuphorn, V., Brown, J. W., & Schall, J. D. (2003). Performance monitoring by the anterior cingulate cortex during saccade countermanding. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5642), 120–122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeRosa, T. F. (2008). Advances in Polymer Chemistry and Methods Reported in Recent US Patents. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kremer, F. (Ed.). (2014). Dynamics in Geometrical Confinement. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Grobman, S., & Cerra, A. (2016). Second-Guessing the Obvious. In A. Cerra (Ed.), The Second Economy: The Race for Trust, Treasure and Time in the Cybersecurity War (pp. 77–93). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolutionary Biology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, September 28). World’s Oldest Muscle-Fibre Fossil Reveals The Origin Of Legs. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Telecommunications: Agencies Are Generally Following Sound Transition Planning Practices, and GSA Is Taking Action to Resolve Challenges (No. GAO-08-759). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynolds, P. R. (2004). Midkine (MK) Regulates Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling During Hypoxia (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2017, August 31). Car Insurers Facing Rush Of Claims After Storm. New York Times, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rochmyaningsih 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Rochmyaningsih 2015; Watanabe and Mitchison 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watanabe and Mitchison 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ito et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolutionary Biology
AbbreviationEvol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0071-3260
ISSN (online)1934-2845
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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