How to format your references using the Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler JH (2000) Better budgets for methyl halides? Nature 403:260–261
A journal article with 2 authors
Muijres FT, Dickinson MH (2014) Bird flight: Fly with a little flap from your friends. Nature 505:295–296
A journal article with 3 authors
MacLehose L, McKee M, Weinberg J (2002) Responding to the challenge of communicable disease in Europe. Science 295:2047–2050
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Venkataraman C, Habib G, Eiguren-Fernandez A, et al (2005) Residential biofuels in South Asia: carbonaceous aerosol emissions and climate impacts. Science 307:1454–1456

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gwynne P (2017) World Religions in Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Igaz P (2015) Circulating microRNAs in Disease Diagnostics and their Potential Biological Relevance. Springer, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Šimberová S, Suk T (2013) Analysis of Dynamic Processes by Statistical Moments of High Orders. In: Ruiz-Shulcloper J, Sanniti di Baja G (eds) Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Computer Vision, and Applications: 18th Iberoamerican Congress, CIARP 2013, Havana, Cuba, November 20-23, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism.

Blog post
Fang J (2016) New Praying Mantis Species Described Based On Female Genitalia For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Survey of the Harrison County Head Start Program, Gulfport, Mississippi. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Faynblut V (2016) College access: A case study of Latino charter school students and their K-16 pathways. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Oral Dissents Give Ginsburg A New Voice. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
AbbreviationMed. J. Nutrition Metab.
ISSN (print)1973-798X
ISSN (online)1973-7998
ScopeFood Science
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles