How to format your references using the Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bear G (2000) Deep ice and DNA languages. Nature 403:141
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Altshuler DL, Clark CJ (2003) Ecology and evolution. Darwin’s hummingbirds. Science 300:588–589
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zimmer J, Nam Y, Rapoport TA (2008) Structure of a complex of the ATPase SecA and the protein-translocation channel. Nature 455:936–943
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Zachos J, Pagani M, Sloan L, et al (2001) Trends, rhythms, and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to present. Science 292:686–693

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Laykin E (2013) Investigative Computer Forensics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Prassler E, Lawitzky G, Stopp A, et al (2005) Advances in Human-Robot Interaction. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wong K, Holliday ND, Kerr ID (2016) Single Molecule or Ensemble Fluorescence Microscopy Investigations of ABC Transporter Oligomerisation and Dynamics. In: George AM (ed) ABC Transporters - 40 Years on. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 85–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Great White Shark Pops Up To Say Hello. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/close-encounter-shark-kind-australian-filmmaker-dave-riggs/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1982) Methodology Transfer Paper 3. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Holloway CM (2015) Evaluating five leadership traits in the rising stars succession planning program. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wyndham S (2017) The Circles of Hellhaus. New York Times BR19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
AbbreviationMed. J. Nutrition Metab.
ISSN (print)1973-798X
ISSN (online)1973-7998
ScopeFood Science
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles