How to format your references using the Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kelley KA (2014) Geophysics. Inside Earth runs hot and cold. Science 344:51–52
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis BR, Candotti F (2010) Genetics. Mosaicism--switch or spectrum? Science 330:46–47
A journal article with 3 authors
Esposito MS, Capelli P, Arber S (2014) Brainstem nucleus MdV mediates skilled forelimb motor tasks. Nature 508:351–356
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kajiwara Y, Harii K, Takahashi S, et al (2010) Transmission of electrical signals by spin-wave interconversion in a magnetic insulator. Nature 464:262–266

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheldrake AL (2005) Handbook of Electrical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Balanov A (2009) Synchronization: From Simple to Complex. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Crespelle C, Paul C (2005) Fully Dynamic Algorithm for Recognition and Modular Decomposition of Permutation Graphs. In: Kratsch D (ed) Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 31st International Workshop, WG 2005, Metz, France, June 23-25, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 38–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Scientists Turn One Pathogen Against Another In Fight Against Dengue And Zika. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Joint Strike Fighter: Restructuring Should Improve Outcomes, but Progress Is Still Lagging Overall. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hofmann R (2010) The fascist reflection Japan and Italy, 1919-1950. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2000) A Decision on a Convicted Killer Looses a Rush of Musical Memories. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
AbbreviationMed. J. Nutrition Metab.
ISSN (print)1973-798X
ISSN (online)1973-7998
ScopeFood Science
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles