How to format your references using the Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism (Mediterr J Nutr Metab). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lüthi M (2013) Geophysics. Gauging Greenland’s subglacial water. Science 341:721–722
A journal article with 2 authors
Teague BP, Weiss R (2015) SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY. Synthetic communities, the sum of parts. Science 349:924–925
A journal article with 3 authors
Selmecki A, Forche A, Berman J (2006) Aneuploidy and isochromosome formation in drug-resistant Candida albicans. Science 313:367–370
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dervyn E, Suski C, Daniel R, et al (2001) Two essential DNA polymerases at the bacterial replication fork. Science 294:1716–1719

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Botto F (2003) Dictionary of e-Business. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Juhász Z, Kacsuk P, Kranzlmüller D (2005) Distributed and Parallel Systems: Cluster and Grid Computing. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Shinar J, Glizer VY (2006) New Approach to Improve the Accuracy in Delayed Information Pursuit-Evasion Games. In: Haurie A, Muto S, Petrosjan LA, Raghavan TES (eds) Advances in Dynamic Games: Applications to Economics, Management Science, Engineering, and Environmental Management. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 65–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) Someone Has Created The World’s First Adult “Service” Droid And It’s Terrifying. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Corrective Actions Taken or in Process To Reduce Job Corps’ Vulnerability to Improper Use of Contracting Authority. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karasik BA (2015) Tele-collaboration in theatre: Collaboration mgmt tools in a digital and globalized age. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philipps D, Hubbard B (2017) Video Shows U.S. Soldiers Who Died In Jordan. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
AbbreviationMed. J. Nutrition Metab.
ISSN (print)1973-798X
ISSN (online)1973-7998
ScopeFood Science
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles