How to format your references using the Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor JP (2014) Neurodegenerative diseases: G-quadruplex poses quadruple threat. Nature 507:175–177
A journal article with 2 authors
Grimmer MR, Costello JF (2016) Cancer: Oncogene brought into the loop. Nature 529:34–35
A journal article with 3 authors
Talkington MWT, Siuzdak G, Williamson JR (2005) An assembly landscape for the 30S ribosomal subunit. Nature 438:628–632
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Takahashi R-U, Takeshita F, Honma K, et al (2013) Ribophorin II regulates breast tumor initiation and metastasis through the functional suppression of GSK3β. Sci Rep 3:2474

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lippold JC (2015) Welding Metallurgy and Weldability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Diego JM, Goicoechea LJ, González-Serrano JI, Gorgas J (2010) Highlights of Spanish Astrophysics V. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Peña T, Castrodeza C, Lara P (2007) Environmental Criteria in Pig Diet Formulation with Multi-Objective Fractional Programming. In: Weintraub A, Romero C, Bjørndal T, et al (eds) Handbook Of Operations Research In Natural Resources. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 53–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Evolutionary Arms Race Between Plants and Butterflies Gave Us Wasabi and Mustard. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Education Programs: Information on Major Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wenger MC (2011) Free-choice family learning experiences at informal astronomy observing events. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnard A (2016) Wary of Russian Guarantees, Residents Are Staying Put in Aleppo. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
AbbreviationMed. J. Nutrition Metab.
ISSN (print)1973-798X
ISSN (online)1973-7998
ScopeFood Science
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles