How to format your references using the Earth, Moon, and Planets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth, Moon, and Planets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Clarke, Science 299, 1850 (2003).
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Ringe and G. A. Petsko, Science 320, 1428 (2008).
A journal article with 3 authors
D. M. Eagleman, J. E. Jacobson, and T. J. Sejnowski, Nature 428, 854 (2004).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Wang, Z. Zhang, F. Liao, Q. Cai, Y. Li, S.-T. Lee, and M. Shao, Sci. Rep. 4, 4052 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Alexander and J. Walkenbach, 101 Ready-to-Use Excel® Macros (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012).
An edited book
G. M. Artmann, S. Minger, and J. Hescheler, editors , Stem Cell Engineering: Principles and Applications (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011).
A chapter in an edited book
K. W. Morton, in Hyperbolicity: Lectures given at the Centro Internazionale Matematico Estivo (C.I.M.E.), Held in Cortona (Arezzo), Italy, June 24 – July 2, 1976, edited by G. D. Prato and G. Geymonat (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011), pp. 193–242.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth, Moon, and Planets.

Blog post
J. Fang, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Olympic Security: Better Planning Can Enhance U.S. Support to Future Olympic Games (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. A. Ademiluyi, Felony Disenfranchisement and How It Contributes to the Black Electorate, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hodara, New York Times WE10 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clarke 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Clarke 2003; Ringe and Petsko 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ringe and Petsko 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth, Moon, and Planets
AbbreviationEarth Moon Planets
ISSN (print)0167-9295
ISSN (online)1573-0794
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Space and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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