How to format your references using the Earth, Moon, and Planets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth, Moon, and Planets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. R. Chien, Nature 407, 227 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Hoffman and Y. Pilpel, Science 348, 41 (2015).
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. S. Ding, C. T. Chan, and R. P. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 2954 (2013).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Ritz, J. Lim, C. M. Reynolds, L. B. Poole, and J. Beckwith, Science 294, 158 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacRoberts, MacRoberts on Scottish Construction Contracts (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014).
An edited book
C. Consani and M. Marcolli, editors , Noncommutative Geometry and Number Theory: Where Arithmetic Meets Geometry and Physics (Vieweg, Wiesbaden, 2006).
A chapter in an edited book
H. Kirimlioglu, A. J. Demetris, and M. A. Nalesnik, in Hepatocellular Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment, edited by B. I. Carr (Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2005), pp. 77–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth, Moon, and Planets.

Blog post
D. Andrew, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, District of Columbia: D.C. Public Schools Inappropriately Used Gas Utility Contract for Renovations (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. A. Altassan, Employee Training to Increase Efficiency in the Saudi Private Sector, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. F. Burghardt, New York Times 14CN6 (2006).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chien 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Chien 2000; Hoffman and Pilpel 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoffman and Pilpel 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ritz et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth, Moon, and Planets
AbbreviationEarth Moon Planets
ISSN (print)0167-9295
ISSN (online)1573-0794
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Space and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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