How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Research and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Research and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balescu R. Obituary: Ilya Prigogine (1917-2003). Nature 2003;424:30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fortágh J, Zimmermann C. PHYSICS: Toward Atom Chips. Science 2005;307:860–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blomster JP, Neff H, Glascock MD. Olmec pottery production and export in ancient Mexico determined through elemental analysis. Science 2005;307:1068–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zheng J, Shen W, He DZ, Long KB, Madison LD, Dallos P. Prestin is the motor protein of cochlear outer hair cells. Nature 2000;405:149–55.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin E, Nel D, Ólafsson S. Problems and Solutions in Mathematical Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Leszczynski D, editor. Radiation Proteomics: The effects of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation on cells and tissues. vol. 990. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Li X-G, Niculescu S-I, Çela A. Computing Puiseux Series for a Critical Pair. In: Niculescu S-I, Cela A, editors. Analytic Curve Frequency-Sweeping Stability Tests for Systems with Commensurate Delays, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Research and Technology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Ferocious “Hypercarnivore” Unearthed In Northwestern Australia. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Safe and Drug-Free Schools: Balancing Accountability With State and Local Flexibility. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spralja KP. The intersections of culture and business: An ethnographic study of multicultural second generation young entrepreneurs. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Antilla S. Jeweler’s Policies Masked Abuses, Suit Says. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Research and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Res. Technol.
ISSN (print)2238-7854

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