How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Research and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Research and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bradley D. Neuroscience. Moving through the landscape. Science 2002;295:2385–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ruxin J, Habinshuti A. Crowd control in Rwanda. Nature 2011;474:572–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Aarts DGAL, Schmidt M, Lekkerkerker HNW. Direct visual observation of thermal capillary waves. Science 2004;304:847–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Carpenter SR, DeFries R, Dietz T, Mooney HA, Polasky S, Reid WV, et al. Ecology. Millennium ecosystem assessment: research needs. Science 2006;314:257–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Speight JG. Environmental Analysis and Technology for the Refining Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Fischer-Hübner S, Lambrinoudakis C, Pernul G, editors. Trust, Privacy and Security in Digital Business: 6th International Conference, TrustBus 2009, Linz, Austria, September 3-4, 2009. Proceedings. vol. 5695. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Oberlack M, Khujadze G. Symmetry Methods in Turbulent Boundary Layer Theory. In: Meier GEA, Sreenivasan KR, Heinemann H-J, editors. IUTAM Symposium on One Hundred Years of Boundary Layer Research: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held at DLR-Göttingen, Germany, August 12-14, 2004, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006, p. 39–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Research and Technology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Watch: Sea Lion Drags Girl Into Water In Richmond, BC. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sealion-drags-girl/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. The Impact of Federal Commodity Donations on the School Lunch Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Mowery K. Beneath the Attack Surface. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Charkes JS. Scrambling to Enroll More Preschoolers. New York Times 2009:NJ3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Research and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Res. Technol.
ISSN (print)2238-7854
Scope

Other styles