How to format your references using the Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spaldin, N.A.: Materials science. Fundamental size limits in ferroelectricity. Science. 304, 1606–1607 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Pollard, D., DeConto, R.M.: Modelling West Antarctic ice sheet growth and collapse through the past five million years. Nature. 458, 329–332 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Saalmann, Y.B., Pigarev, I.N., Vidyasagar, T.R.: Neural mechanisms of visual attention: how top-down feedback highlights relevant locations. Science. 316, 1612–1615 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Knutti, R., Flückiger, J., Stocker, T.F., Timmermann, A.: Strong hemispheric coupling of glacial climate through freshwater discharge and ocean circulation. Nature. 430, 851–856 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Esmailzadeh, R.: Broadband Wireless Communications Business. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2006)
An edited book
Paolantonio, P.: Imaging of Small Bowel, Colon and Rectum. Springer, Milano (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Dawson, A.G., Waller, D.A.: Cervical Mediastino-Thoracoscopy. In: Zieliński, M. and Rami-Porta, R. (eds.) The Transcervical Approach in Thoracic Surgery. pp. 45–51. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Missing Continent Was Destroyed By India And Madagascar’s Tug-Of-War,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: National Airspace System: Assessment of FAA’s Efforts to Augment the Global Positioning System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williamson, K.M.: The effects of communist policies, the democratic transition, and EU accession on gender equality in Germany and the Czech Republic, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C.: Thinking Beyond the Creationists and the Darwinists, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationMediterr. J. Math.
ISSN (print)1660-5446
ISSN (online)1660-5454
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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