How to format your references using the Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A.: Physicists haunted by hints of Higgs boson. Nature. 407, 118 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Margoliash, D., Tchernichovski, O.: DEVELOPMENT. Marmoset kids actually listen. Science. 349, 688–689 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Satoh, N., Nakashima, T., Yamamoto, K.: Metastability of anatase: size dependent and irreversible anatase-rutile phase transition in atomic-level precise titania. Sci. Rep. 3, 1959 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Martin, J., Ilani, S., Verdene, B., Smet, J., Umansky, V., Mahalu, D., Schuh, D., Abstreiter, G., Yacoby, A.: Localization of fractionally charged quasi-particles. Science. 305, 980–983 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, K., Aardema, F., Pélissier, M.-C.: Beyond Reasonable Doubt. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2006)
An edited book
Eickhoff, J. ed: The FLP Microsatellite Platform: Flight Operations Manual. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Mucherino, A., Papajorgji, P.J., Pardalos, P.M.: k-Nearest Neighbor Classification. In: Papajorgji, P.J. and Pardalos, P.M. (eds.) Data Mining in Agriculture. pp. 83–106. Springer, New York, NY (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: These Skyscrapers Will Clean Pollution From The Surrounding Water And Air


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Inadequacies in Data Processing Planning in the Department of Commerce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ports, M.O.: Laterally associated proteins modulate α6 integrin cleavage, a permissive process utilized during cancer metastasis, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B.: Pro Football; Jets Sign McCown, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationMediterr. J. Math.
ISSN (print)1660-5446
ISSN (online)1660-5454
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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