How to format your references using the Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schröder, R.: The genes orthodenticle and hunchback substitute for bicoid in the beetle Tribolium. Nature. 422, 621–625 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Koentges, G., Matsuoka, T.: Evolution. Jaws of the fates. Science. 298, 371–373 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, X., Su, Y., Fan, Z.H.: Cotinine concentration in serum correlates with tobacco smoke-induced emphysema in mice. Sci. Rep. 4, 3864 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Isomura, T., Ito, H., Ogawa, S., Masataka, N.: Absence of predispositional attentional sensitivity to angry faces in children with autism spectrum disorders. Sci. Rep. 4, 7525 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
First, M.B., Tasman, A.: Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2006)
An edited book
Steyn, D.G., Rao, S.T. eds: Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XX. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Ascoli, A., Schmidt, T., Tetzlaff, R., Corinto, F.: Application of the Volterra Series Paradigm to Memristive Systems. In: Tetzlaff, R. (ed.) Memristors and Memristive Systems. pp. 163–191. Springer, New York, NY (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: DHS Needs to Enhance Management of Major Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2013)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gobas, M.: Affiliate users policy: Solution to multiple ball field users in the city of Artesia, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D.A.: Tools For Staying In Control, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationMediterr. J. Math.
ISSN (print)1660-5446
ISSN (online)1660-5454
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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