How to format your references using the Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carmody, J.: Celebrating science. Nature. 412, 383 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Selby, D., Creaser, R.A.: Direct radiometric dating of hydrocarbon deposits using rhenium-osmium isotopes. Science. 308, 1293–1295 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Mercader, J., Panger, M., Boesch, C.: Excavation of a chimpanzee stone tool site in the African rainforest. Science. 296, 1452–1455 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Colombelli, R., Srinivasan, K., Troccoli, M., Painter, O., Gmachl, C.F., Tennant, D.M., Sergent, A.M., Sivco, D.L., Cho, A.Y., Capasso, F.: Quantum cascade surface-emitting photonic crystal laser. Science. 302, 1374–1377 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt-Ahmed, K.: Contemporary Islamic Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Li, J.: Towards Mesoscience: The Principle of Compromise in Competition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, S., Agrawal, D., El Abbadi, A.: A Comprehensive Framework for Secure Query Processing on Relational Data in the Cloud. In: Jonker, W. and Petković, M. (eds.) Secure Data Management: 8th VLDB Workshop, SDM 2011, Seattle, WA, USA, September 2, 2011, Proceedings. pp. 52–69. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Scariest Part Of Climate Change Isn’t What We Know, But What We Don’t


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NATO: Progress Toward More Mobile and Deployable Forces. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stanton, B.: On location: Race and family in the poetry of Sonia Sanchez, June Jordan, and Cathy Song, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J.: Buzzed: Sweets Raise Hopes Among Bees, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationMediterr. J. Math.
ISSN (print)1660-5446
ISSN (online)1660-5454
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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