How to format your references using the Journal of Poetry Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Poetry Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rees, M. (2013). Time for global statistics we can count on. Nature, 502(7471), 273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Butko, V. Y., & Adams, P. W. (2001). Quantum metallicity in a two-dimensional insulator. Nature, 409(6817), 161–164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrew, T. L., Tsai, H.-Y., & Menon, R. (2009). Confining light to deep subwavelength dimensions to enable optical nanopatterning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5929), 917–921.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Smith, C. A., Roeszler, K. N., Ohnesorg, T., Cummins, D. M., Farlie, P. G., Doran, T. J., & Sinclair, A. H. (2009). The avian Z-linked gene DMRT1 is required for male sex determination in the chicken. Nature, 461(7261), 267–271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pan, C. T., Hwang, Y. M., Lin, L., & Chen, Y.-C. (2014). Design and Fabrication of Self-Powered Micro-Harvesters. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Geddes, C. D. (2007). Who’s Who in Fluorescence 2007 (J. R. Lakowicz, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohanty, J. G., Eckley, D. M., Williamson, J. D., Launer, L. J., & Rifkind, J. M. (2008). Do Red Blood Cell-β-Amyloid Interactions Alter Oxygen Delivery in Alzheimer’s Disease? In K. A. Kang, D. K. Harrison, & D. F. Bruley (Eds.), Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIX (pp. 29–35). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Poetry Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 22). The Threat To The World’s Largest Wild Animals Is Much Greater Than We Thought. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Social Security Numbers: More Could be Done to Protect SSNs (GAO-06-586T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulice, S. W. (2013). The colonized child: Love, community, and wholeness as necessary elements of education [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2014, October 10). Weary of War and Ready to Laugh. New York Times, C32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rees, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Butko & Adams, 2001; Rees, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butko & Adams, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Andrew et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Smith et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Poetry Therapy
AbbreviationJ. Poet. Ther.
ISSN (print)0889-3675
ISSN (online)1567-2344
Clinical Psychology

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