How to format your references using the Journal of Poetry Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Poetry Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pielke, R. A., Jr. (2002). Science policy: policy, politics and perspective. Nature, 416(6879), 367–368.
A journal article with 2 authors
Catlos, E. J., & Sorensen, S. S. (2003). Phengite-based chronology of K- and Ba-rich fluid flow in two paleosubduction zones. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 92–95.
A journal article with 3 authors
Worobey, M., Han, G.-Z., & Rambaut, A. (2014). A synchronized global sweep of the internal genes of modern avian influenza virus. Nature, 508(7495), 254–257.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, J., Jiang, F., Yang, B., Song, X.-R., Liu, Y., Yang, H.-H., Cao, D.-R., Shi, W.-R., & Chen, G.-N. (2013). Topological insulator bismuth selenide as a theranostic platform for simultaneous cancer imaging and therapy. Scientific Reports, 3, 1998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walter, R. J. (1998). Practical Compliance with the EPA Risk Management Program. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dasalukunte, D. (2014). Faster than Nyquist Signaling: Algorithms to Silicon (V. Öwall, F. Rusek, & J. B. Anderson, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Leary, A.-M., & Buchanan, A. (2016). Grandfathers: The Parents’ Perspective in the United Kingdom. In A. Buchanan & A. Rotkirch (Eds.), Grandfathers: Global Perspectives (pp. 89–104). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Poetry Therapy.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, November 16). Here’s What Happened When A Teenager Didn’t Sleep For Eleven Days. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Transportation Security: Efforts to Strengthen Aviation and Surface Transportation Security Continue to Progress, but More Work Remains (GAO-08-651T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Small, C. R. (2013). An investigation on the effect(s) of different modes of intervention for weight management on HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol production among United States veterans [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N. (2016, September 20). Putin Tightens His Grip on Russia’s Parliament With an Election Rout. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pielke, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Catlos & Sorensen, 2003; Pielke, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Catlos & Sorensen, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Worobey et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Poetry Therapy
AbbreviationJ. Poet. Ther.
ISSN (print)0889-3675
ISSN (online)1567-2344
Clinical Psychology

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