How to format your references using the Journal of Poetry Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Poetry Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gong, J. P. (2014). Materials science. Materials both tough and soft. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6180), 161–162.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blaser, M. J., & Kirschner, D. (2007). The equilibria that allow bacterial persistence in human hosts. Nature, 449(7164), 843–849.
A journal article with 3 authors
van Polanen, V., Bergmann Tiest, W. M., & Kappers, A. M. L. (2014). Target contact and exploration strategies in haptic search. Scientific Reports, 4, 6254.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tavaré, S., Marshall, C. R., Will, O., Soligo, C., & Martin, R. D. (2002). Using the fossil record to estimate the age of the last common ancestor of extant primates. Nature, 416(6882), 726–729.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedlacek, H. H., Sapienza, A. M., & Eid, V. (2008). Ways to Successful Strategies in Drug Research and Development. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Hargitai, H., & Kereszturi, Á. (Eds.). (2015). Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gronau, H.-D., Langmann, H.-H., & Schleicher, D. (2011). Participants. In H.-D. Gronau, H.-H. Langmann, & D. Schleicher (Eds.), 50th IMO - 50 Years of International Mathematical Olympiads (pp. 47–100). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Poetry Therapy.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, November 25). The Membranes Covering The Brain Are Loaded With Neuronal Stem Cells. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Protest of Air Force Contract Award (B-175469). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nadeau, E. M. (2017). Baby Boomer Generation’s Knowledge of Alzheimer’s Disease [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2013, December 5). In Detroit Ruling, Threats to Promises and Assumptions. New York Times, A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gong, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Blaser & Kirschner, 2007; Gong, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blaser & Kirschner, 2007)
  • Three authors: (van Polanen et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tavaré et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Poetry Therapy
AbbreviationJ. Poet. Ther.
ISSN (print)0889-3675
ISSN (online)1567-2344
Clinical Psychology

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