How to format your references using the Journal of Poetry Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Poetry Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jeltsch, A. (2010). Molecular biology. Phylogeny of methylomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 837–838.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brodsky, E. E., & Lajoie, L. J. (2013). Anthropogenic seismicity rates and operational parameters at the Salton Sea Geothermal Field. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6145), 543–546.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hassan, M. A., Mahmoodian, R., & Hamdi, M. (2014). Modified smoothed particle hydrodynamics (MSPH) for the analysis of centrifugally assisted TiC-Fe-Al2O3 combustion synthesis. Scientific Reports, 4, 3724.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dong, W., Wei, X., Zhang, F., Hao, J., Huang, F., Zhang, C., & Liang, W. (2014). A dual character of flavonoids in influenza A virus replication and spread through modulating cell-autonomous immunity by MAPK signaling pathways. Scientific Reports, 4, 7237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
First, M. B., & Tasman, A. (2006). Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hatzfeld, C., & Kern, T. A. (Eds.). (2014). Engineering Haptic Devices: A Beginner’s Guide (2nd ed. 2014). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kanaya, T., Takayama, Y., Ogino, Y., Matsuba, G., & Nishida, K. (2007). Precursor of Primary Nucleation in Isotactic Polystyrene Induced by Shear Flow. In G. Reiter & G. R. Strobl (Eds.), Progress in Understanding of Polymer Crystallization (pp. 87–96). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Poetry Therapy.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, October 28). Male Contraceptive Jab Shown To Be 96 Percent Effective. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Department of Commerce Could Save $24.6 Million by Modifying Computer Procurement Actions (CED-82-81). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Momcheva, I. G. (2009). Environments of strong gravitational lenses [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, October 20). Baker Is Out as the Nationals Manager. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jeltsch, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Brodsky & Lajoie, 2013; Jeltsch, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brodsky & Lajoie, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Hassan et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Poetry Therapy
AbbreviationJ. Poet. Ther.
ISSN (print)0889-3675
ISSN (online)1567-2344
Clinical Psychology

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