How to format your references using the Journal of Poetry Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Poetry Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colman, S. M. (2002). Paleoclimate. A fresh look at glacial floods. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5571), 1251–1252.
A journal article with 2 authors
Möller, K., & Bein, T. (2011). Chemistry. Pores within pores--how to craft ordered hierarchical zeolites. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6040), 297–298.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cziczo, D. J., Thomson, D. S., & Murphy, D. M. (2001). Ablation, flux, and atmospheric implications of meteors inferred from stratospheric aerosol. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5509), 1772–1775.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jiménez-Alcázar, M., Rangaswamy, C., Panda, R., Bitterling, J., Simsek, Y. J., Long, A. T., … Fuchs, T. A. (2017). Host DNases prevent vascular occlusion by neutrophil extracellular traps. Science (New York, N.Y.), 358(6367), 1202–1206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fiske, J. R., & Fiske, C. A. (2009). The Big Book of Benefit Auctions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Blackmon, S. H., Kim, M. P., & Dickinson, K. J. (Eds.). (2015). Atlas of Esophageal Disease and Intervention: A Multidisciplinary Approach. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mazure, A., & Le Brun, V. (2012). Cosmic Cluedo: where, when and how? In V. Le Brun (Ed.), Matter, Dark Matter, and Anti-Matter: In Search of the Hidden Universe (pp. 57–69). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Poetry Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 23). Mysterious Bright Object Spotted On Titan. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). International Aviation: New Competitive Conditions Require Changes in DOT Strategy (No. T-RCED-94-194). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norris, E. L. (2008). A depth psychological view of the Christian myth: C. G. Jung, Elizabeth Boyden Howes, and the Guild for Psychological Studies (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Donadio, R. (2017, January 29). Visa Ban Leaves Artists in Limbo. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel, 2002; Crowley, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Möller & Bein, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Cziczo, Thomson, & Murphy, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cook et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Poetry Therapy
AbbreviationJ. Poet. Ther.
ISSN (print)0889-3675
ISSN (online)1567-2344
Clinical Psychology

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