How to format your references using the Medicinal Research Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicinal Research Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Irion R. ASTROPHYSICS: Astronomers Spot Their First Carbon Bomb. Science 2000;290(5495):1279.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bullock SL, Ish-Horowicz D. Conserved signals and machinery for RNA transport in Drosophila oogenesis and embryogenesis. Nature 2001;414(6864):611–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Fotso H, Mikelsons K, Freericks JK. Thermalization of field driven quantum systems. Sci Rep 2014;44699.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Cliffe LJ, Humphreys NE, Lane TE, Potten CS, Booth C, Grencis RK. Accelerated intestinal epithelial cell turnover: a new mechanism of parasite expulsion. Science 2005;308(5727):1463–1465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Memming R. Semiconductor Electrochemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Gherardelli F, Ed. Complex Analysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. 463 p. 3 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bird DW. Catalan Political Modernism: The Case of Gabriel Alomar i Villalonga (1873–1941) and Modernism on the Periphery. In: Goldwyn AJ, Silverman RM, Eds. Mediterranean Modernism: Intercultural Exchange and Aesthetic Development. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. p 97–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicinal Research Reviews.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Heartwarming Footage Shows Two Captive Dolphins Being Returned To The Wild. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/watch-moment-two-captive-dolphins-are-returned-wild/ (2015, accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ March 7, 2000, Expenditure Plan. AIMD-00-175Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; May 24, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Alsaadi A. Smart smoke and fire detection with wireless and global system for mobile technology. Doctoral DissertationCalifornia State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shear MD, Vogel KP. Seat at Le Cirque, and a Word With Trump, for $250,000. New York Times, September 26, 2017, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicinal Research Reviews
AbbreviationMed. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)0198-6325
ISSN (online)1098-1128
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmacology

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