How to format your references using the Medicinal Research Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicinal Research Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chan MA. PLANETARY SCIENCE. The martian lake chronicles. Science 2015;350(6257):167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahmed WW, Saif TA. Active transport of vesicles in neurons is modulated by mechanical tension. Sci Rep 2014;44481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rai VK, Jackson TL, Thiemens MH. Photochemical mass-independent sulfur isotopes in achondritic meteorites. Science 2005;309(5737):1062–1065.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kaláb P, Pralle A, Isacoff EY, Heald R, Weis K. Analysis of a RanGTP-regulated gradient in mitotic somatic cells. Nature 2006;440(7084):697–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown C. Fibonacci Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Assadi F. Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: Principles and Practice. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XIV, 158 p. 10 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar S, Barai SV. Fracture Properties of Concrete Based on the K R Curve Associated with Cohesive Stress Distribution. In: Barai SV, Ed. Concrete Fracture Models and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p 193–234.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicinal Research Reviews.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Chameleon Tongue Attack Captured In Slow Motion. IFLScience. (2015, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Customs Is Effectively Managing Its Year 2000 Program. T-AIMD-99-85Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; February 24, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mizokami SK. Fall risk factors among cane and walker users and non-users. Doctoral DissertationCalifornia State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. As Storm Exits, Paths Lead to Open. New York Times, August 30, 2011, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicinal Research Reviews
AbbreviationMed. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)0198-6325
ISSN (online)1098-1128
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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