How to format your references using the Medicinal Research Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicinal Research Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall CR. Evolution. Fossil record reveals tropics as cradle and museum. Science 2006;314(5796):66–67.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalcheim C, Rohrer H. Neuroscience. Following the same nerve track toward different cell fates. Science 2014;345(6192):32–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
Horváth J, Szalai I, De Kepper P. An experimental design method leading to chemical Turing patterns. Science 2009;324(5928):772–775.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith CM, Venkataraman N, Gallagher MT, Müller D, West JA, Borrelli NF, Allan DC, Koch KW. Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre. Nature 2003;424(6949):657–659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Utas G. Robust Communications Software. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Geradts ZJMH, Franke KY, Veenman CJ, Eds. Computational Forensics: Third International Workshop, IWCF 2009, The Hague, The Netherlands, August 13-14, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. X, 181 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Román JA, Rodríguez S, de la Prieta F. Improving the Distribution of Services in MAS. In: Bajo J, Escalona MJ, Giroux S, Hoffa-Dąbrowska P, Julián V, Novais P, Sánchez-Pi N, Unland R, Azambuja-Silveira R, Eds. Highlights of Practical Applications of Scalable Multi-Agent Systems. The PAAMS Collection: International Workshops of PAAMS 2016, Sevilla, Spain, June 1-3, 2016. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicinal Research Reviews.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Avalanche Victim Suffers From Sudoku-Induced Seizures. IFLScience. (2015, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel in the Federal Government (Exposure Draft). CC–3Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; September 1, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milliken DE. Blood pressure measurement in the primary care provider setting: A project evaluating the blood pressure technique of nursing staff. Doctoral DissertationCalifornia State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB. Why a Merger of Media Firms That Should Be a Sure Bet Isn’t. New York Times, October 25, 2016, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicinal Research Reviews
AbbreviationMed. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)0198-6325
ISSN (online)1098-1128
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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