How to format your references using the Medicinal Research Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medicinal Research Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reimold WU. Geosciences. Impact cratering comes of age. Science 2003;300(5627):1889–1890.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hutvágner G, Zamore PD. A microRNA in a multiple-turnover RNAi enzyme complex. Science 2002;297(5589):2056–2060.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chu R, Reczek D, Brondyk W. Capture-stabilize approach for membrane protein SPR assays. Sci Rep 2014;47360.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fiquet G, Badro J, Guyot F, Requardt H, Krisch M. Sound velocities in iron to 110 gigapascals. Science 2001;291(5503):468–471.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Recho N. Fracture Mechanics and Crack Growth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Luderer B. Mathematical Formulas for Economists. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. X, 198 p. 48 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Clarke PM, Calafat ALM, Ekert D, Ekstrom JJ, Gornostaja T, Jovanovic M, Johansen J, Mas A, Messnarz R, Villar BN, O’Connor A, O’Connor RV, Reiner M, Sauberer G, Schmitz K-D, Yilmaz M. Refactoring Software Development Process Terminology Through the Use of Ontology. In: Kreiner C, O’Connor RV, Poth A, Messnarz R, Eds. Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 23rd European Conference, EuroSPI 2016, Graz, Austria, September 14-16, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medicinal Research Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew D. 7 Myths About Psychedelic Drugs Like LSD That Are Doing More Harm Than Good. IFLScience. (2017, accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Challenges Facing FAA’s Modernization Program. T-RCED-92-34Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; March 3, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nomberg RI. Understanding interest group strategies: A case study of civic leaders collaborating with local government. Doctoral DissertationGeorge Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Igor Shafarevich, 93, Eminent Russian Mathematician. New York Times, March 13, 2017, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMedicinal Research Reviews
AbbreviationMed. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)0198-6325
ISSN (online)1098-1128
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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