How to format your references using the Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Kim J-V. Solid-state physics: siphoning spins. Nature. 2014;511(7510):418–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Goldstein JL, Brown MS. History of science. A golden era of Nobel laureates. Science. 2012;338(6110):1033–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Fedorov AV, Brierley CM, Emanuel K. Tropical cyclones and permanent El Niño in the early Pliocene epoch. Nature. 2010;463(7284):1066–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1] Hurley SM, Dermota TE, Hydutsky DP, Castleman AW Jr. Dynamics of hydrogen bromide dissolution in the ground and excited states. Science. 2002;298(5591):202–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] McGrath AE. Luther’s Theology of the Cross. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
[1] Aleman A. The Hardy Space of a Slit Domain. Ross WT, Feldman NS, editors. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2009. (Frontiers in Mathematics).
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Mckenna C, Mcavinia C. Difference and Discontinuity – Making Meaning Through Hypertexts. In: Land R, Bayne S, editors. Digital Difference: Perspectives on Online Learning. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011. p. 45–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation.

Blog post
[1] Carpineti A. Star Clusters Are Responsible For Dusting Up Galaxies [homepage on the Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Input Processing Strategy is Risky and Lacks a Sound Analytical Basis. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Apr. Report No.: T-IMTEC-92-15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] De los Santos E. Increasing the psychological well-being of undocumented Latino youth students in California: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Wagner J. A Washington Monument To Pitching’s Fickle Nature. New York Times. 2017;SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
AbbreviationClin. Hemorheol. Microcirc.
ISSN (print)1386-0291
ISSN (online)1875-8622
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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