How to format your references using the Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Pendry JB. A chiral route to negative refraction. Science. 2004;306(5700):1353–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Hanson B, Voss D. Sunrise. Introduction. Hinode. Science. 2007;318(5856):1571.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Goldfarb DJ, Glasser BJ, Shinbrot T. Shear instabilities in granular flows. Nature. 2002;415(6869):302–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1] Büttner T, Geier J, Frison G, Harmer J, Calle C, Schweiger A, et al. A stable aminyl radical metal complex. Science. 2005;307(5707):235–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] Matloff R, Chaillou JH. Nonprofit Investment and Development Solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1] Bognár G, Tóth T, editors. Applied Information Science, Engineering and Technology: Selected Topics from the Field of Production Information Engineering and IT for Manufacturing: Theory and Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. (Topics in Intelligent Engineering and Informatics; vol. 7).
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Savin-Baden M, Wimpenny K. Issues of Analysis, Intepretation and Repesentation. In: Wimpenny K, editor. A Practical Guide to Arts-related Research. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014. p. 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation.

Blog post
[1] Davis J. The Great Barrier Reef Suffered Far Worse Bleaching Than Originally Thought [homepage on the Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office. Education’s Library: Actions Needed to Improve Usefulness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Mar. Report No.: T-HRD-92-18.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Kuang S-YH. “And the War Came”: A memorial to devastated lives [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Gustines GG. Where the Artists Have Superpowers. New York Times. 2012;BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
AbbreviationClin. Hemorheol. Microcirc.
ISSN (print)1386-0291
ISSN (online)1875-8622
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles