How to format your references using the Animal Biotelemetry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Biotelemetry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Yang LH. Periodical cicadas as resource pulses in North American forests. Science. 2004;306:1565–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Levine B, Elazar Z. Development. Inheriting maternal mtDNA. Science. 2011;334:1069–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Healy D, Jones RR, Holdsworth RE. Three-dimensional brittle shear fracturing by tensile crack interaction. Nature. 2006;439:64–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu B, Qu J, Zhang W, Tan L, Gao Y. Numerical evaluation of the scale problem on the wind flow of a windbreak. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG. MAK- und BAT-Werte-Liste 2013. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1. Psaraftis HN, editor. Green Transportation Logistics: The Quest for Win-Win Solutions. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tatbul N, Ahmad Y, Çetintemel U, Hwang J-H, Xing Y, Zdonik S. Load Management and High Availability in the Borealis Distributed Stream Processing Engine. In: Nittel S, Labrinidis A, Stefanidis A, editors. GeoSensor Networks: Second International Conference, GSN 2006, Boston, MA, USA, October 1-3, 2006, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 66–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Biotelemetry.

Blog post
1. Hale T. The World’s Oldest Cave Paintings Made From Dots Found In France [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Assessing the Output of Federal Commercially Directed R&D. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Aug. Report No.: PAD-79-69.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McPherson CA. Characterization of the neurogenic microenvironment in the mouse hippocampus following chemical-induced neuronal injury [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. Pork Belly, Yes; Popovers, No. New York Times. 2013 Nov 17;LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Biotelemetry
ISSN (online)2050-3385

Other styles