How to format your references using the Mechatronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechatronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Evans RL. Geophysics: Making the Earth move. Nature 2014;509:40–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
McPherson MS, Schapiro MO. Education. Funding roller coaster for public higher education. Science 2003;302:1157.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Rao CV, Wolf DM, Arkin AP. Control, exploitation and tolerance of intracellular noise. Nature 2002;420:231–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Bunker DE, Declerck F, Bradford JC, Colwell RK, Perfecto I, Phillips OL, et al. Species loss and aboveground carbon storage in a tropical forest. Science 2005;310:1029–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Wang J, Wang Q. Body Area Communications. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Johnson R. Nonautonomous Linear Hamiltonian Systems: Oscillation, Spectral Theory and Control. vol. 36. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sehgal D, Raina SN. Carthamus. In: Kole C, editor. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Oilseeds, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 63–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechatronics.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Earth-like Plate Tectonics Discovered on Europa. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Federal Laboratory Consortium Should Increase Communication with Potential Customers to Improve Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Viramontes M. Parenting styles and practices and their impact on school behavior. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gelles D, Thomas K. Under Armour and Intel C.E.O.s Follow Merck Chief, Quitting Panel in Rebuke to Trump. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMechatronics
AbbreviationMechatronics (Oxf.)
ISSN (print)0957-4158
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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